Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.16.16

उदपानाः कुरुश्रेष्ठ तथैवाप्यम्बरीषकाः ।
समन्तात्क्रोशमात्रं च कारिता विषमा च भूः ॥ १६ ॥

udapānāḥ kuruśreṣṭha tathaivāpyambarīṣakāḥ |
samantātkrośamātraṃ ca kāritā viṣamā ca bhūḥ || 16 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...showers down rain! And, O mighty king, then Kshemavriddhi, the commander of Salva’s forces, bore that shower of arrows, immovable as the Himavat! And, O foremost of kings, Kshemavriddhi...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.16.16). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Udapana, Kurushreshtha, Tatha, Apya, Isha, Samantat, Samanta, Krosha, Atra, Karita, Vishama, Bhu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.16.16). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “udapānāḥ kuruśreṣṭha tathaivāpyambarīṣakāḥ
  • udapānāḥ -
  • udapāna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • kuruśreṣṭha -
  • kuruśreṣṭha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tathai -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aivā -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • apyam -
  • apya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    apyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ba -
  • ba (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    rai (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
  • īṣa -
  • īṣa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    iṣ (verb class 6)
    [perfect active second plural]
    iṣ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
    iṣ (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • kāḥ -
  • kās (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “samantātkrośamātraṃ ca kāritā viṣamā ca bhūḥ
  • samantāt -
  • samantāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    samanta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    samanta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • krośam -
  • krośa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    krośa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ātram -
  • ātra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kāritā* -
  • kārita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kāritā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    kṛ -> kārita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √kṛ], [vocative plural from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kāritā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √kṛ], [vocative plural from √kṛ], [accusative plural from √kṛ]
  • viṣamā -
  • viṣamā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhūḥ -
  • bhu (noun, feminine)
    [accusative plural]
    bhū (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
    bhū (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [injunctive active second single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.16.16

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.16.16 in Kannada sript:
ಉದಪಾನಾಃ ಕುರುಶ್ರೇಷ್ಠ ತಥೈವಾಪ್ಯಮ್ಬರೀಷಕಾಃ ।
ಸಮನ್ತಾತ್ಕ್ರೋಶಮಾತ್ರಂ ಚ ಕಾರಿತಾ ವಿಷಮಾ ಚ ಭೂಃ ॥ ೧೬ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.16.16 in Bengali sript:
উদপানাঃ কুরুশ্রেষ্ঠ তথৈবাপ্যম্বরীষকাঃ ।
সমন্তাত্ক্রোশমাত্রং চ কারিতা বিষমা চ ভূঃ ॥ ১৬ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.16.16 in Gujarati sript:
ઉદપાનાઃ કુરુશ્રેષ્ઠ તથૈવાપ્યમ્બરીષકાઃ ।
સમન્તાત્ક્રોશમાત્રં ચ કારિતા વિષમા ચ ભૂઃ ॥ ૧૬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.16.16 in Malayalam sript:
ഉദപാനാഃ കുരുശ്രേഷ്ഠ തഥൈവാപ്യമ്ബരീഷകാഃ ।
സമന്താത്ക്രോശമാത്രം ച കാരിതാ വിഷമാ ച ഭൂഃ ॥ ൧൬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 3.16.16 in Telugu sript:
ఉదపానాః కురుశ్రేష్ఠ తథైవాప్యమ్బరీషకాః ।
సమన్తాత్క్రోశమాత్రం చ కారితా విషమా చ భూః ॥ ౧౬ ॥

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