Cita: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Cita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chita.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Citā (चिता) refers to the “funeral pyre”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.27 (“Description of the fraudulent words of the Brahmacārin”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin) said to Pārvatī: “[...] Sandal paste is applied on your body, while the ashes of the funeral pyre [i.e., citā-bhasma] on that of Śiva. Where your silken garment and where the elephant-hide of Śiva. Where the divine ornaments and where the serpents of Śiva? Where the deities that move about and where Śiva, fond of goblins and their oblations? Where the pleasing sound of his tabor? Where His peculiar drum called Damaru? Where the set of fine drums and the inauspicious sound of his horn? [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Cītā in the Hindi, or Citā in the Begali language refers to Citraka, also identified with (1) [white variety] Plumbago zeylanica Linn.; (2) [red variety] Plumbago rosea Linn. syn. or Plumbago indica Linn., both from the Plumbaginaceae or “leadwort” family of flowering plants, according to verse 6.43-45 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Other than the words Cītā or Citā, there are more synonyms identified for this plant among which twenty are in Sanskrit.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Citā (चिता) refers to the “funeral pyre”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Here [in this world], for that same man for whom the splendour of a royal inauguration is seen near daybreak, also on that day the smoke from [his] funeral pyre (citā-dhūma) is seen”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

cita : (pp. of cināti) heaped; lined or faced with.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Cita, (pp. of cināti) heaped; lined or faced with (cp. citaka2) pokkharaṇiyo iṭṭhakāhi citā D.II, 178, cp. Vin.II, 123.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ciṭa (चिट).—ad Silently, still. v rāha, kara. Ex. mī ita- kēṃ bōlalōṃ parantu tō ciṭa kēlā nāhīṃ.

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citā (चिता).—f (S) A funeral pile, a pyre. Pr. citē- pēkṣāṃ cintā kaṭhīṇa Anxiety is worse than death. According to the Shlok citā cintā samājēyā bindu mātrēṇa cādhikā || citā dahati nirjīvaṃ cintā dahati jīvinaṃ ||.

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citā (चिता).—f citēvān See cittā & cittēvān.

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cīṭa (चीट).—n (Properly chīṭa) Chintz.

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cīta (चीत).—a In wrestling. Backed, floored, thrown. 2 fig. Prostrated, ruined, marred: also lost in trade--money. 3 In play with cowries. Thrown on its back--a cowrie, pysa &c. Opp. to paṭa. 4 Scrawled or scribbled. cīta karaṇēṃ To kill outright.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ciṭa (चिट).—ad Silently, still.

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citā (चिता).—f A funeral pile, a pyre.

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cīṭa (चीट).—n Chintz.

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cīta (चीत).—a Thrown, backed; prostrated. Scrawled. cīta karaṇēṃ Kill outright.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cita (चित).—p. p. [ci-kta]

1) Collected, piled up, heaped, gathered.

2) Hoarded, accumulated; चितचैत्यो महातेजाः (citacaityo mahātejāḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.126.38.

3) Got, acquired.

4) Covered with, full of; कृमिकुलचितम् (kṛmikulacitam) Bhartṛhari 2.9.

5) Set or inlaid with.

-tam A building.

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Citā (चिता).—

1) A funeral pile, pyre; कुरु संप्रति तावदाशु मे प्रणिपाताञ्जलियाचितश्चिताम् (kuru saṃprati tāvadāśu me praṇipātāñjaliyācitaścitām) Kumārasambhava 4.35; चिताधिरोहणम् (citādhirohaṇam) R.8.57; चिताभस्मन् (citābhasman) Kumārasambhava 5.69.

2) A heap, assemblage, multitude

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Cita (चित).—(orig. ppp. of Sanskrit ci-), orig. piled up, heaped up; so, thick, dense (of hair), stout, large (of fingers), full, stout (of the space between the shoulders), in cpds. (1) cita-keśa, having thick, dense hair, one of the anuvyañ- jana of the Buddha: Mahāvyutpatti 343 = Tibetan stug pa, dense, thick; Mahāvastu ii.44.10, so read with one ms., the other vivitra° (Senart em. citra°); instead Dharmasaṃgraha 84 has citra-keśa, which I believe is certainly a corruption; lacking in the Lalitavistara list; (2) citāṅguli, with stout, large fingers, another anuvyañjana: Mahāvyutpatti 274 (here Tibetan rgyas = large); con- firmed by Pali according to Burnouf, Lotus, 585; this time the corruption citrā° (above) is more widespread, being printed in Mahāvastu ii.43.9 (only one ms., lacuna in the other); Dharmasaṃgraha 84 (but one ms. ciṃtā°); and Lalitavistara 106.12—13 (Lefm. anu- pūrvacitrāṅguliś ca, combining this with anupūrvāṅguli; most mss. have the reverse order, as does Tibetan, which also renders by rgyas pa = large, proving that it had citā° [Page229-b+ 71] and not citrā°); (3) citāntarāṃsa (or °śa) (= Pali citan- taraṃsa, e.g. Dīghanikāya (Pali) ii.18.10; commentary ii.449.6 antaraṃsaṃ vuccati dvinnaṃ koṭṭhāsānaṃ antaraṃ; taṃ citaṃ pari- puṇṇaṃ assā ti), with full, well filled-in, space between the shoulders, one of the 32 lakṣaṇa: Mahāvyutpatti 251, Tibetan thal goṅ rgyas pa = large shoulders; so also Tibetan on Lalitavistara 105.18; all lists of the lakṣaṇa (q.v.) intend the same form, only varying between °āṃsa and °āṃśa. In Gaṇḍavyūha 69.26 read citta with 2d ed. for cita; see s.v. avabhā. See also next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cita (चित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Covered, veiled, concealed. 2. Collected, accumulated. 3. Piled, heaped. f.

(-tā) 1. A funeral pile. 2. A heap, an assemblage. E. ci to collect, &c. affix karmaṇi kta; also citi and citī

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Citā (चिता).—i. e. cita, ptcple. of the pf. pass. of 1. ci, f. A funeral pilc, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 226.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cita (चित).—[adjective] covered, strewn with ([instrumental] or —°); [feminine] ā layer, pile of wood, [especially] funeral pile; [neuter] building.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cita (चित):—[from ci] a mfn. piled up, heaped, [Ṛg-veda i, 112, 17; 158, 4; Atharva-veda] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] placed in a line, [Ṛg-veda vii, 18, 10]

3) [v.s. ...] collected, gained, [Muṇḍaka-upaniṣad]

4) [v.s. ...] forming a mass (hair), [Buddhist literature; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] covered, inlaid, set with, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] n. ‘a building’ See pakveṣṭaka-

7) Citā (चिता):—[from cita > ci] a f. a layer, pile of wood, funeral pile, [Lāṭyāyana viii; Mahābhārata] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] a heap, multitude, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [from ci] b f. of ta.

10) Cita (चित):—b 1. citi See √1. ci.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cita (चित):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a.] Covered, collected. f. () A funeral pile; a heap.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Cita (चित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Cia, Ciṇia, Ciyakā, Ciyagā, Cīa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Cita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Ciṭa (चिट) [Also spelled chit]:—(nf) a chit.

2) Cita (चित) [Also spelled chit]:—(a) supine; (lying) flat on the back; (nm) mind, heart; head (of a coin); ~[cora] alluring, appealing (person); he who steals away one’s heart; —[karanā] to throw flat on the back; to overpower, to vanquish; —[kara denā] to bowl over, to overpower, to vanquish; —[paṭa karanā] to decide this way or that (by throw of a coin); — [bhī merī paṭa bhī merī] ([aṃṭā mere bāpa kā]) heads I win, tails you lose; —[honā] to be overpowered, to be vanquished; to fall on the back.

3) Citā (चिता) [Also spelled chita]:—(nf) funeral pyre; —[para caḍhanā] to immolate oneself.

4) Cītā (चीता) [Also spelled chita]:—(nm) a leopard; panther; (a) liked, longed for (as [manacītā]).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ciṭa (ಚಿಟ):—[noun] '[used in dupl. as ಚಿಟಚಿಟ [citacita]] the sharp, repeated sound (as of blasting mustard seeds being fried).'

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Ciṭa (ಚಿಟ):—[adjective] of limited size; of comparatively restricted dimensions; not big; little; small.

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Ciṭa (ಚಿಟ):—

1) [noun] any bird of very small size.

2) [noun] a small pawn used in the game of dice.

3) [noun] a dice small size.

4) [noun] a small piece, fragment of a whole.

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Cita (ಚಿತ):—

1) [adjective] laid in pile; heaped up; accumulated (at a place).

2) [adjective] covered; filled; full.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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