Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.76.12

राजवद्रूपवेषौ ते ब्राह्मीं वाचं बिभर्षि च ।
किंनामा त्वं कुतश्चासि कस्य पुत्रश्च शंस मे ॥ १२ ॥

rājavadrūpaveṣau te brāhmīṃ vācaṃ bibharṣi ca |
kiṃnāmā tvaṃ kutaścāsi kasya putraśca śaṃsa me || 12 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...from sin. Protect my virtue. Becoming a mother by you, let me practise the highest virtue in this world. It is said, O king, that a wife, a slave, and a son can never earn wealth for...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.76.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Rajavat, Rupa, Vesha, Tad, Yushmad, Brahmi, Vac, Vaca, Kimnaman, Tva, Kutah, Kuta, Asi, Kah, Kim, Putra, Shamsa, Asmad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.76.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “rājavadrūpaveṣau te brāhmīṃ vācaṃ bibharṣi ca
  • rājavad -
  • rājavat (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    rājavat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    rājavat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • rūpa -
  • rūpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rūpa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • veṣau -
  • veṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • brāhmīm -
  • brāhmī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • vācam -
  • vācā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    vāca (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vāc (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • bibharṣi -
  • bhṛ (verb class 3)
    [present active second single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “kiṃnāmā tvaṃ kutaścāsi kasya putraśca śaṃsa me
  • kiṃnāmā -
  • kiṃnāman (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tvam -
  • tva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tva (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • kutaś -
  • kutaḥ (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kutaḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kuta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • asi -
  • asi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    asi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    asī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [present active second single]
  • kasya -
  • kas -> kasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kas]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ka (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • putraś -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śaṃsa -
  • śaṃsa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śaṃsa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śaṃs (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • me -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ma (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.76.12

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.76.12 in Kannada sript:
ರಾಜವದ್ರೂಪವೇಷೌ ತೇ ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮೀಂ ವಾಚಂ ಬಿಭರ್ಷಿ ಚ ।
ಕಿಂನಾಮಾ ತ್ವಂ ಕುತಶ್ಚಾಸಿ ಕಸ್ಯ ಪುತ್ರಶ್ಚ ಶಂಸ ಮೇ ॥ ೧೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.76.12 in Bengali sript:
রাজবদ্রূপবেষৌ তে ব্রাহ্মীং বাচং বিভর্ষি চ ।
কিংনামা ত্বং কুতশ্চাসি কস্য পুত্রশ্চ শংস মে ॥ ১২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.76.12 in Gujarati sript:
રાજવદ્રૂપવેષૌ તે બ્રાહ્મીં વાચં બિભર્ષિ ચ ।
કિંનામા ત્વં કુતશ્ચાસિ કસ્ય પુત્રશ્ચ શંસ મે ॥ ૧૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.76.12 in Malayalam sript:
രാജവദ്രൂപവേഷൌ തേ ബ്രാഹ്മീം വാചം ബിഭര്ഷി ച ।
കിംനാമാ ത്വം കുതശ്ചാസി കസ്യ പുത്രശ്ച ശംസ മേ ॥ ൧൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.76.12 in Telugu sript:
రాజవద్రూపవేషౌ తే బ్రాహ్మీం వాచం బిభర్షి చ ।
కింనామా త్వం కుతశ్చాసి కస్య పుత్రశ్చ శంస మే ॥ ౧౨ ॥

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