Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.245.13

पृथग्भूतेषु सृष्टेषु चतुर्ष्वाश्रमकर्मसु ।
समाधौ योगमेवैतच्छाण्डिल्यः शममब्रवीत् ॥ १३ ॥

pṛthagbhūteṣu sṛṣṭeṣu caturṣvāśramakarmasu |
samādhau yogamevaitacchāṇḍilyaḥ śamamabravīt || 13 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...evil ways) becomes an object of laughter with all men in consequence of his being engaged in the enjoyment of all worldly pleasures as a slave of his senses. That man who, through arrogance or error of judgment...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.245.13). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Prithagbhuta, Srishta, Shu, Ashrama, Karman, Samadha, Samadhi, Yoga, Eva, Etad, Shandili, Shandilya, Shama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.245.13). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “pṛthagbhūteṣu sṛṣṭeṣu caturṣvāśramakarmasu
  • pṛthagbhūteṣu -
  • pṛthagbhūta (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    pṛthagbhūta (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • sṛṣṭeṣu -
  • sṛṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    sṛṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
    sṛj -> sṛṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [locative plural from √sṛj class 6 verb]
    sṛj -> sṛṣṭa (participle, neuter)
    [locative plural from √sṛj class 6 verb]
  • catur -
  • catur (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • ṣvā -
  • ṣu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ṣū (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
  • āśrama -
  • āśrama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    āśrama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • karmasu -
  • karman (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • Line 2: “samādhau yogamevaitacchāṇḍilyaḥ śamamabravīt
  • samādhau -
  • samādhā (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    samādhi (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • yogam -
  • yoga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    yogā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • evai -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • etacch -
  • etad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • śāṇḍilyaḥ -
  • śāṇḍilī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    śāṇḍilya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śamam -
  • śama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śamā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • abravīt -
  • brū (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.245.13

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.245.13 in Kannada sript:
ಪೃಥಗ್ಭೂತೇಷು ಸೃಷ್ಟೇಷು ಚತುರ್ಷ್ವಾಶ್ರಮಕರ್ಮಸು ।
ಸಮಾಧೌ ಯೋಗಮೇವೈತಚ್ಛಾಣ್ಡಿಲ್ಯಃ ಶಮಮಬ್ರವೀತ್ ॥ ೧೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.245.13 in Bengali sript:
পৃথগ্ভূতেষু সৃষ্টেষু চতুর্ষ্বাশ্রমকর্মসু ।
সমাধৌ যোগমেবৈতচ্ছাণ্ডিল্যঃ শমমব্রবীত্ ॥ ১৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.245.13 in Gujarati sript:
પૃથગ્ભૂતેષુ સૃષ્ટેષુ ચતુર્ષ્વાશ્રમકર્મસુ ।
સમાધૌ યોગમેવૈતચ્છાણ્ડિલ્યઃ શમમબ્રવીત્ ॥ ૧૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.245.13 in Malayalam sript:
പൃഥഗ്ഭൂതേഷു സൃഷ്ടേഷു ചതുര്ഷ്വാശ്രമകര്മസു ।
സമാധൌ യോഗമേവൈതച്ഛാണ്ഡില്യഃ ശമമബ്രവീത് ॥ ൧൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.245.13 in Telugu sript:
పృథగ్భూతేషు సృష్టేషు చతుర్ష్వాశ్రమకర్మసు ।
సమాధౌ యోగమేవైతచ్ఛాణ్డిల్యః శమమబ్రవీత్ ॥ ౧౩ ॥

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