Shandilya, Śāṇḍilya, Śāṇḍilyā: 19 definitions
Shandilya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Śāṇḍilya and Śāṇḍilyā can be transliterated into English as Sandilya or Shandilya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य).—A great maharṣi. Some details about him are given hereunder.
King Śatānīka and his wife Viṣṇumatī, who had no issues approached the maharṣi in great sorrow. As a result of eating rice given by the maharṣi Viṣṇumatī became the mother of a son, who became in later years famous as emperor Sahasrānīka. (Kathāsaritsāgara, Kathāmukhalambaka, Taraṅga 1).
A member of Yudhiṣṭhira’s court. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 17).
He had an ascetic daughter. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 54, Verse 5).
He once opined that the gift of a mere ox-cart was equal to the gift of water in a golden pot. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 65, Verse 19).
He visited Bhīṣma on his bed of arrows. (Śānti Parva, Chapter 47, Verse 6).
King Sumanyu once gave the maharṣi plenty of food materials. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 173, Verse 22).
2) Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य).—A maharṣi born in the dynasty of Kaśyapa, son of Marīci. As Agni was born in the family of the maharṣi it came to be called 'Śāṇḍilyagotrīya' (born in the family of Śāṇḍilya). King Sumanyu once gave him food and other edible things. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 137, Verse 22).
3) Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य).—A King, a great devotee of Śiva. As a youth he became a philanderer with the result that the honour of women was in jeopardy. The King being a devotee of Śiva even Yama could not punish him. At last, when Śiva came to know of the immorality of his devotee he cursed the King to be turned into a tortoise for thousand years.
4) Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य).—A maharṣi, who desired to worship Viṣṇu not in the Vedic method for which purpose he even wrote a book to propagate non-vedic principles. For the above sinful action he had to live in hell and at last he was born as Jamadagni of the Bhṛgu dynasty. (Vṛddhahārītasmṛti, 180, 193).
5) Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य).—A maharṣi whose Bhaktisūtras (Aphorisms on devotion) are as famous as those of Nārada. He taught bhakti in a scientific way (by Śāṇḍilya science).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य).—Agni, as son of Śāṇḍili.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 10. 91.
1b) A Dānava.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 199. 18.
1c) The sons of Devala.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 28.
Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.19) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śāṇḍilya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study
Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य) is the son of Devala Muni: the son of Ekaparṇā and Asita, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] By the power of [Kaśyapa’s] penance two sons namely Vatsara and Asita were born. Devala muni was the son of Asita born of Ekaparṇā. Devala attained great perfection by worshipping Śambhu. From Devala was born Śāṇḍilya.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Śāṇḍilya) various roles suitable to them.
According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35.—“Kohala and others together with Vātsya, Śāṇḍilya, and Dhūrtila (Dattila) stayed in this earth for some time as mortals, and put into practice this Śāstra which augments the intellect of men, deals with the deeds of the three worlds and is a specimen of all other Śāstras”.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य) is the name of a sage (forest hermit), who prepared an oblation for King Śatānīka and his wife Viṣṇumatī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 9. Afterwards, the King and his Queen had a son born to him called Sahasrānīka, who became a crown prince.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Śāṇḍilya, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)
Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य) or Śāṇḍilyasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a sāttvika type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika (e.g., Śāṇḍilya-saṃhitā). b. Rājasa. c. Tāmasa.
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Śāṇḍilya was the name of at least two prominent rishis. The name was derived from the Sanskrit words śaṇ (full) and dilam (the moon), with the derivative ya added, meaning the one of the “full moon”, thereby implying a priest or a descendant of the Moon God.
Śāṇḍilya, 1) One rishi was a son of the sage Asita and grandson of the rishi Kashyapa, and the founder of the Śāṇḍilya gotra. Brihadaranyaka Upanishad states that he was a disciple of Vaatsya rishi. He was also the composer of the Śāṇḍilya Upanishad. According to the Bhagavata Purana, he was instrumental in settling certain metaphysical doubts of King Parikshit of Hastinapura and King Vajra of Dwaraka.
Śāṇḍilya, 2) He was a son of the sage Vasistha, had his hermitage in the Shāradāvanam, or forest of Sharada, of a village in the Bolair Valley of Kashmir. The village has been identified with the modern town of Sharda, on the banks of the River Kishanganga, in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir, India.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य) is the name of a mendicant, according to chapter 5.1 [śāntinātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly, as an astrologer said to king Śrīvijaya:—“[...] Hear, O king. My father, Śāṇḍilya, became a mendicant with Prince Baladeva when he adopted mendicancy. After that I became a mendicant, confused by love for my father. Then I learned the whole collection of omens. Undeviating knowledge may be only from the teaching of the Jinas, not elsewhere. Profit and loss; pleasure and pain; life and death; victory and defeat: I know these eightfold omens. [...]”.Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य).—A scholar named Śāṇḍilya used to stay in Brāhmaṇanagara in the Magadha region. He had two wives Sthaṇḍilā and Kesarī. One day, in the last part of the night Sthaṇḍilā saw auspicious dreams and a god came into her womb, after completing his time in the fifth heaven. After nine months, Sthaṇḍilā gave birth to a beautiful son who was great and of good deeds. The scholars predicted that this boy will possess knowledge of all the scriptures and his fame will spread across the earth. The parents named him ‘Indrabhūti’. This boy later became Lord Mahāvīra’s first Gaṇadhara and became famous as Gautama.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
śāṇḍilya (शांडिल्य).—m A tribe, or an individual of it, of Brahmans about Ratnagiri &c.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Name of a sage, the author of a law-book.
2) The Bilva tree.
3) A form of Agni.
Derivable forms: śāṇḍilyaḥ (शाण्डिल्यः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-lyaḥ) 1. A tree, (Ægle marmelos.) 2. A Muni from whom one of the three principal families of the Kanouj or Kanyacubja Brahmans is said to be descended. 3. A form of Agni or fire. E. śaṇḍila a saint, yañ aff. of descent, &c.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य).—i. e. śaṇḍila, a proper name, + ya, patronym., f. lī ([Pañcatantra] 122, 1), Descended from Śaṇ- ḍila, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 83. m. The name of a Muni, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in
Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य).—[masculine] [Name] of [several] teachers.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. Śp. p. 91. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa] [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva]
2) Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य):—of Śūrasena. See Bālabodha.
3) Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य):—Mahābhārataṭīkā. Quoted W. p. 104. Ibid. p. 105 he is called Śāṇḍilyalakṣmaṇa.
4) Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य):—Śāṇḍilyasūtra or Bhaktimīmāṃsāsūtra.
5) Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य):—and śāṇḍilyāyana Quoted in Ṣaṭtriṃśanmata according to Hemādri in Pariśeṣakhaṇḍa 1, 1454.
6) Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य):—Quoted in Nidānasūtra W. p. 74.
7) Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य):—Quoted in Karmapradīpa 17, 219, in Lāṭyāyanaśrautasūtra 1, 1, 26. 6, 4. 7, 14. 16, etc.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य):—[from śāṇḍila] mfn. derived from or composed by Śāṇḍilya etc., [Catalogue(s)]
2) [v.s. ...] m. [patronymic] [from] śaṇḍila [gana] gargādi
3) [v.s. ...] Name of various teachers, authors etc. ([especially] of a Muni or sage from whom one of the three principal families of the Kanouj or Kānyakubja Brāhmans is said to be descended; he is the author of a law-book and of the Bhakti-sūtra or aphorisms enjoining ‘love or devotion to God’ as one of the three means of salvation a doctrine said to have been formulated in the 12th century; See bhakti, [Religious Thought and Life in India 63])
4) [v.s. ...] of Agni, [Harivaṃśa]
5) [v.s. ...] Aegle Marmelos, [Bhāvaprakāśa]
6) [v.s. ...] n. Name of various works of Śāṇḍilya ([especially] = -sūtra and = lyopaniṣad).
7) Sāndilya (सान्दिल्य):—[wrong reading] for śāṇḍilya.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य):—(lyaḥ) 1. m. A tree (Ægle marmelos); name of sage; of Agni.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
1) m. a) patron. von śaṇḍila gaṇa gargādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 105.] Nomen proprium verschiedener Lehrer [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 321.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 508. fg.] [Medinīkoṣa y. 106. fg.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 9, 4, 4, 17. 5, 2, 15. 10, 1, 4, 10. 4, 1, 11. 6, 3, 2. 5, 9. 14, 5, 5, 20. 22. 7, 3, 26. 28.] [LĀṬY. 1, 1, 26. 4, 19. 5, 20 u.s.w.] [Chāndogyopaniṣad 3, 14, 4.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss 61, 35. 37.] [Mahābhārata 2, 112. 12, 9114. 13, 3308. 6266.] [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 32, 16.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 9, 9] (sāndilya gedr.). [Oxforder Handschriften 28], a, [No. 71. 34], a, [8. 58], b, [23. 60], b, [6. 74], a, [37. 120,a,4. 125], a, [7. 284], a, [24. 310], a, [27. 327], b, [7. 356], a, [?31. 22. 53. Inschr. in Journ. of the Am. Or. S. 6, 539, 10. NĀGĀN. 11, 24. HALL 28] (ein neuerer Autor). smṛti [MACK. Coll. 1, 20.] vidyā [Colebrooke 1, 326.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 259.] [Vedānta lecture No. 7.] sūtra (gedruckt in der Bibl. indica) [Oxforder Handschriften 228,b, No. 560.] [HALL 143.] sūtrapravacana [144.] śatasūtravyākhyā [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 470.] śatasūtrīyaṃ bhāṣyam [ŚĀṆḌ. 1. fgg.] śatasūtrībhāṣya [HALL. 144.] — b) ein N. Agni's (vgl. śāṇḍilī und śāṇḍileya) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Harivaṃśa 992.] — c) Aegle Marmelos Corr. [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 2, 12.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] —
2) adj. von Śāṇḍilya stammend, verfasst: dharmāḥ [Oxforder Handschriften 226,b,23.] —
3) wohl n. als Name einer Upaniṣad [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 326.] — Vgl. udara .
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Sāndilya (सान्दिल्य):—s. u. śāṇḍilya
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Shandilyadharmasutra, Shandilyagotra, Shandilyagrihya, Shandilyalakshmana, Shandilyamuni, Shandilyaputra, Shandilyasamhita, Shandilyasmriti, Shandilyasutra, Shandilyasutrabhashya, Shandilyasutrapravacana, Shandilyasutravyakhya, Shandilyasutribhashya, Shandilyasutriya, Shandilyatattvadipika, Shandilyavidya, Shandilyayana, Shandilyayanaka, Shandilyopanishad.
Ends with: Udarashandilya.
Full-text (+33): Shandilyagotra, Pancaratra, Shandila, Shandilyasutra, Shandilyayana, Shandilyasutrapravacana, Shandilyasutrabhashya, Shandilyasutriya, Shandilyasutravyakhya, Shandilyasutribhashya, Shandilyasmriti, Shandilyalakshmana, Shandilyaputra, Shandilyavidya, Shandilyagrihya, Bhaktisutra, Jitadhara, Shandilyopanishad, Udarashandilya, Trilakshanibhavaprakasha.
Search found 32 books and stories containing Shandilya, Śāṇḍilya, Śāṇḍilyā, Sandilya, Sāndilya; (plurals include: Shandilyas, Śāṇḍilyas, Śāṇḍilyās, Sandilyas, Sāndilyas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brahma Sutras (Shankara Bhashya) (by Swami Vireshwarananda)
Chapter III, Section III, Adhikarana XXXIII < [Section III]
Chapter III, Section III, Adhikarana XII < [Section III]
Chapter III, Section III, Adhikarana X < [Section III]
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad (by Swāmī Mādhavānanda)
Section VI - The Line of Teachers < [Chapter IV]
Section VI - The Line of Teachers < [Chapter II]
Section V - The Line of Teachers < [Chapter VI]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 359 - Greatness of Nārāyaṇa Tīrtha < [Section 1 - Prabhāsa-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 126 - Greatness of Śāṇḍilya-īśvara < [Section 1 - Prabhāsa-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 1 - The Greatness of Vrajabhūmi < [Section 6 - Bhāgavata-māhātmya]
Brahma Sutras (Nimbarka commentary) (by Roma Bose)
Brahma-Sūtra 3.3.19 < [Adhikaraṇa 6 - Sūtra 19]
Brahma-Sūtra 3.3.20 (prima facie view) < [Adhikaraṇa 7 - Sūtras 20-22]
Brahma-Sūtra 3.3.56 < [Adhikaraṇa 24 - Sūtra 56]
Satapatha Brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa X, adhyāya 1, brāhmaṇa 4 < [Tenth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa X, adhyāya 6, brāhmaṇa 5 < [Tenth Kāṇḍa]
Introduction to volume 1 (kāṇḍa 1-2) < [Introductions]
Shandilya Upanishad of Atharvaveda (by K. Narayanasvami Aiyar)