Shandilya, Śāṇḍilya, Śāṇḍilyā: 11 definitions

Introduction

Shandilya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śāṇḍilya and Śāṇḍilyā can be transliterated into English as Sandilya or Shandilya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shandilya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य).—A great maharṣi. Some details about him are given hereunder.

King Śatānīka and his wife Viṣṇumatī, who had no issues approached the maharṣi in great sorrow. As a result of eating rice given by the maharṣi Viṣṇumatī became the mother of a son, who became in later years famous as emperor Sahasrānīka. (Kathāsaritsāgara, Kathāmukhalambaka, Taraṅga 1).

A member of Yudhiṣṭhira’s court. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 17).

He had an ascetic daughter. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 54, Verse 5).

He once opined that the gift of a mere ox-cart was equal to the gift of water in a golden pot. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 65, Verse 19).

He visited Bhīṣma on his bed of arrows. (Śānti Parva, Chapter 47, Verse 6).

King Sumanyu once gave the maharṣi plenty of food materials. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 173, Verse 22).

2) Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य).—A maharṣi born in the dynasty of Kaśyapa, son of Marīci. As Agni was born in the family of the maharṣi it came to be called 'Śāṇḍilyagotrīya' (born in the family of Śāṇḍilya). King Sumanyu once gave him food and other edible things. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 137, Verse 22).

3) Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य).—A King, a great devotee of Śiva. As a youth he became a philanderer with the result that the honour of women was in jeopardy. The King being a devotee of Śiva even Yama could not punish him. At last, when Śiva came to know of the immorality of his devotee he cursed the King to be turned into a tortoise for thousand years.

4) Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य).—A maharṣi, who desired to worship Viṣṇu not in the Vedic method for which purpose he even wrote a book to propagate non-vedic principles. For the above sinful action he had to live in hell and at last he was born as Jamadagni of the Bhṛgu dynasty. (Vṛddhahārītasmṛti, 180, 193).

5) Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य).—A maharṣi whose Bhaktisūtras (Aphorisms on devotion) are as famous as those of Nārada. He taught bhakti in a scientific way (by Śāṇḍilya science).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य).—Agni, as son of Śāṇḍili.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 10. 91.

1b) A Dānava.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 199. 18.

1c) The sons of Devala.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 28.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.19) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śāṇḍilya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Śāṇḍilya) various roles suitable to them.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35.—“Kohala and others together with Vātsya, Śāṇḍilya, and Dhūrtila (Dattila) stayed in this earth for some time as mortals, and put into practice this Śāstra which augments the intellect of men, deals with the deeds of the three worlds and is a specimen of all other Śāstras”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shandilya in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य) is the name of a sage (forest hermit), who prepared an oblation for King Śatānīka and his wife Viṣṇumatī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 9. Afterwards, the King and his Queen had a son born to him called Sahasrānīka, who became a crown prince.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Śāṇḍilya, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)

Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य) or Śāṇḍilyasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a sāttvika type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika (eg., Śāṇḍilya-saṃhitā). b. Rājasa. c. Tāmasa.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shandilya in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Śāṇḍilya was the name of at least two prominent rishis. The name was derived from the Sanskrit words śaṇ (full) and dilam (the moon), with the derivative ya added, meaning the one of the “full moon”, thereby implying a priest or a descendant of the Moon God.

Śāṇḍilya, 1) One rishi was a son of the sage Asita and grandson of the rishi Kashyapa, and the founder of the Śāṇḍilya gotra. Brihadaranyaka Upanishad states that he was a disciple of Vaatsya rishi. He was also the composer of the Śāṇḍilya Upanishad. According to the Bhagavata Purana, he was instrumental in settling certain metaphysical doubts of King Parikshit of Hastinapura and King Vajra of Dwaraka.

Śāṇḍilya, 2) He was a son of the sage Vasistha, had his hermitage in the Shāradāvanam, or forest of Sharada, of a village in the Bolair Valley of Kashmir. The village has been identified with the modern town of Sharda, on the banks of the River Kishanganga, in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir, India.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shandilya in Jainism glossary
Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra

Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य).—A scholar named Śāṇḍilya used to stay in Brāhmaṇanagara in the Magadha region. He had two wives Sthaṇḍilā and Kesarī. One day, in the last part of the night Sthaṇḍilā saw auspicious dreams and a god came into her womb, after completing his time in the fifth heaven. After nine months, Sthaṇḍilā gave birth to a beautiful son who was great and of good deeds. The scholars predicted that this boy will possess knowledge of all the scriptures and his fame will spread across the earth. The parents named him ‘Indrabhūti’. This boy later became Lord Mahāvīra’s first Gaṇadhara and became famous as Gautama.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shandilya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śāṇḍilya (शांडिल्य).—m A tribe, or an individual of it, of Brahmans about Ratnagiri &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shandilya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य).—

1) Name of a sage, the author of a law-book.

2) The Bilva tree.

3) A form of Agni.

Derivable forms: śāṇḍilyaḥ (शाण्डिल्यः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य).—m.

(-lyaḥ) 1. A tree, (Ægle marmelos.) 2. A Muni from whom one of the three principal families of the Kanouj or Kanyacubja Brahmans is said to be descended. 3. A form of Agni or fire. E. śaṇḍila a saint, yañ aff. of descent, &c.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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