Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.159.57

त्यजत्यकारणे यश्च पितरं मातरं तथा ।
पतितः स्यात्स कौरव्य तथा धर्मेषु निश्चयः ॥ ५७ ॥

tyajatyakāraṇe yaśca pitaraṃ mātaraṃ tathā |
patitaḥ syātsa kauravya tathā dharmeṣu niścayaḥ || 57 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...The mountains are his bones. The earth is his fat and flesh. The oceans are his blood. Space is his stomach. The Wind is his breath. Fire is his energy. The rivers are his arteries and veins. Agni and Soma,...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.159.57). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tyajat, Akarane, Akarana, Yah, Pitri, Matri, Matara, Tatha, Patita, Syat, Sya, Kauravya, Dharma, Dharmeshu, Nishcaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.159.57). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tyajatyakāraṇe yaśca pitaraṃ mātaraṃ tathā
  • tyajatya -
  • tyaj -> tyajat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √tyaj class 1 verb]
    tyaj -> tyajat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √tyaj class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √tyaj class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √tyaj class 1 verb], [locative single from √tyaj class 1 verb]
    tyaj (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • akāraṇe -
  • akāraṇe (indeclinable)
    akāraṇe (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    akāraṇa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    akāraṇa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    akāraṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • yaś -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pitaram -
  • pitṛ (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • mātaram -
  • mātara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mātara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    mātṛ (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “patitaḥ syātsa kauravya tathā dharmeṣu niścayaḥ
  • patitaḥ -
  • patita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    pat -> patita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √pat class 1 verb]
  • syāt -
  • syāt (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    syāt (indeclinable)
    sya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [optative active third single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kauravya -
  • kauravya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tathā* -
  • tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • dharmeṣu -
  • dharmeṣu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    dharmeṣu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    dharmeṣu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    dharma (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • niścayaḥ -
  • niścaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.159.57

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.159.57 in Kannada sript:
ತ್ಯಜತ್ಯಕಾರಣೇ ಯಶ್ಚ ಪಿತರಂ ಮಾತರಂ ತಥಾ ।
ಪತಿತಃ ಸ್ಯಾತ್ಸ ಕೌರವ್ಯ ತಥಾ ಧರ್ಮೇಷು ನಿಶ್ಚಯಃ ॥ ೫೭ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.159.57 in Bengali sript:
ত্যজত্যকারণে যশ্চ পিতরং মাতরং তথা ।
পতিতঃ স্যাত্স কৌরব্য তথা ধর্মেষু নিশ্চযঃ ॥ ৫৭ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.159.57 in Gujarati sript:
ત્યજત્યકારણે યશ્ચ પિતરં માતરં તથા ।
પતિતઃ સ્યાત્સ કૌરવ્ય તથા ધર્મેષુ નિશ્ચયઃ ॥ ૫૭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.159.57 in Malayalam sript:
ത്യജത്യകാരണേ യശ്ച പിതരം മാതരം തഥാ ।
പതിതഃ സ്യാത്സ കൌരവ്യ തഥാ ധര്മേഷു നിശ്ചയഃ ॥ ൫൭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.159.57 in Telugu sript:
త్యజత్యకారణే యశ్చ పితరం మాతరం తథా ।
పతితః స్యాత్స కౌరవ్య తథా ధర్మేషు నిశ్చయః ॥ ౫౭ ॥

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