Matara, Mātara: 2 definitions

Introduction

Matara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mātara (मातर).—Mother Goddesses present in Varuṇa's sacrifice; nine in number; Lakṣmī, Sarasvatī, Gaurī, Caṇḍikā, Tripurāmbikā, Bhairavā, Kālī, Mahāśāstri; use of liquor in the worship of the deities;1 consorts of;2 Mātras: also kīrti (fame), lakṣmī (riches), dhṛtī (courage), medhā (wisdom), puṣṭi (strength), śraddha (faith), kriyā (action), mati (Knowledge), buddhi (intelligence), lajjā (modesty), vapu (body), śānti (peace), tuṣṭi (contentment) and kānti (beauty) invoked in Gṛahabali.3 A list of mātaras created by Rudra to vanquish the Andhaka Asuras; the mother-goddess felt hungry and thirsty and asked Śiva for food; the pangs of hunger were so keen that they ate of the worldly beings; Śiva then thought of Nṛsimha and praised Him; he created a number of mother-goddesses to overpower them; then all of them were blessed to be divine beings and help people to tide over difficulties when they would remember and pray to them; seven mothers.4

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 28; IV. 7. 72; 14. 6; 20. 46; 44. 111-12.
  • 2) Ib. II. 25. 69.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 93. 53.
  • 4) Ib. 179. 9-32, 41-89.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Mātara (मातर) is the name of a village mentioned as lying on the western boundary of Ki-icchitā, according to the “Prince of wales museum plates of Mummuṇirāja”. Accordingly, “... the village Ki-icchitā comprised in the viṣaya of Mandaraja, together with all hamlets and together with orchards, areca-nut trees and minerals, and with examption from taxes,—the boundaries of which are as follows: On the east, the boundary of (the village) Pāṇīvāḍa of the Śrīnera hill ; on the north, the boundary of the village Nīmbā; on the west, the boundary of the village Mātara; on the south, the boundary of the Sāmbina river”.

These copper plates (mentioing Mātara) were handed over to the Curator (Archaeological Section, Prince of Wales Museum, Bombay) by one Hasan Razak. Its object is to record the grant, by Mammuṇirāja, of the village Ki-icchitā (Mandaraja-viṣaya) to twelve Brāhmaṇas residing in the agrahāra of Brahmapurī. The grant was made on the occasion of a lunar eclipse which occurred on the fifteenth tithi of the bright fortnight of Bhādrapada in the Śaka year 971, the cyclic year being Virodhin.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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