Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.159.30

स्त्रीरत्नं दुष्कुलाच्चापि विषादप्यमृतं पिबेत् ।
अदुष्टा हि स्त्रियो रत्नमाप इत्येव धर्मतः ॥ ३० ॥

strīratnaṃ duṣkulāccāpi viṣādapyamṛtaṃ pibet |
aduṣṭā hi striyo ratnamāpa ityeva dharmataḥ || 30 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...and happiness. Unbelievers, with their arms manacled, are sent to regions rendered inaccessible by carnivorous beasts and elephants and full of terrors in consequence of snakes and robbers. What more need be...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.159.30). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Striratna, Dushkula, Capin, Visha, Vishad, Apya, Ritam, Rita, Adushta, Stri, Ratna, Apa, Apas, Iti, Itya, Eva, Dharmatah, Dharmata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.159.30). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “strīratnaṃ duṣkulāccāpi viṣādapyamṛtaṃ pibet
  • strīratnam -
  • strīratna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • duṣkulāc -
  • duṣkula (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    duṣkula (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • cāpi -
  • cāpin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    cāpin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • viṣād -
  • viṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    viṣa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    viṣād (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    viṣād (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • apyam -
  • apya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    apyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ṛtam -
  • ṛtam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • pibet -
  • (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]
  • Line 2: “aduṣṭā hi striyo ratnamāpa ityeva dharmataḥ
  • aduṣṭā* -
  • aduṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    aduṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • striyo* -
  • strī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ratnam -
  • ratna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ratna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ratnā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • āpa* -
  • āpas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ap (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    āpa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    āp (verb class 5)
    [aorist active second single]
  • itye -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    itya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    itya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    ityā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    i -> itya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> itya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √i class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √i class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √i class 2 verb], [locative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> ityā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √i class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √i class 2 verb]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dharmataḥ -
  • dharmataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    dharmata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.159.30

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.159.30 in Kannada sript:
ಸ್ತ್ರೀರತ್ನಂ ದುಷ್ಕುಲಾಚ್ಚಾಪಿ ವಿಷಾದಪ್ಯಮೃತಂ ಪಿಬೇತ್ ।
ಅದುಷ್ಟಾ ಹಿ ಸ್ತ್ರಿಯೋ ರತ್ನಮಾಪ ಇತ್ಯೇವ ಧರ್ಮತಃ ॥ ೩೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.159.30 in Bengali sript:
স্ত্রীরত্নং দুষ্কুলাচ্চাপি বিষাদপ্যমৃতং পিবেত্ ।
অদুষ্টা হি স্ত্রিযো রত্নমাপ ইত্যেব ধর্মতঃ ॥ ৩০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.159.30 in Gujarati sript:
સ્ત્રીરત્નં દુષ્કુલાચ્ચાપિ વિષાદપ્યમૃતં પિબેત્ ।
અદુષ્ટા હિ સ્ત્રિયો રત્નમાપ ઇત્યેવ ધર્મતઃ ॥ ૩૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.159.30 in Malayalam sript:
സ്ത്രീരത്നം ദുഷ്കുലാച്ചാപി വിഷാദപ്യമൃതം പിബേത് ।
അദുഷ്ടാ ഹി സ്ത്രിയോ രത്നമാപ ഇത്യേവ ധര്മതഃ ॥ ൩൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.159.30 in Telugu sript:
స్త్రీరత్నం దుష్కులాచ్చాపి విషాదప్యమృతం పిబేత్ ।
అదుష్టా హి స్త్రియో రత్నమాప ఇత్యేవ ధర్మతః ॥ ౩౦ ॥

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