Dharmata, Dharmatā: 3 definitions

Introduction

Dharmata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (D) next»] — Dharmata in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Dharmata (धर्मत).—The Brāhma form of marriage.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 76. 3.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Dharmatā (धर्मता) refers to the “conditioned production of phenomena”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLIX.

The Hīnayānist dharmatā: According to the word of the Buddha himself, dharmatā is the conditioned production of phenomena, the pratītyasamutpāda discovered by Śākyamuni and preached by him throughout his entire career. According to the Nidānasaṃyukta: “I will show you, O monks, the dependent origination. What is dependent origination? The fact that ‘this being, that is; from the production of this, that is produced’, namely, that ‘the formations have ignorance as condition’, etc., up to ‘such is the origin of the mass of suffering’. Whether a Tathāgata appears or whether a Tathāgata does not appear, this dharmatā, the basis for the existence of things, is stable”.

The Mahāyānist dharmatā: Whether it is called dharmatā, tathatā, dharmadhātu, bhūtakoṭi, śūnyatā, original nirvāṇa, it has as unique nature the absence of nature: ekalakṣanā-yadutālakṣaṇa (cf. Pañcaviṃśati). The dharmatā is the equality of all things. According to the Aṣṭādaśa: “the pratītyasamutpāda which the Early ones held to be real and termed dharmatā, the Mādhyamikas call emptiness, nirvāṇa. This nirvāṇa, which is one with saṃsāra, is empty of nirvāṇa”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Dharmatā (धर्मता).—(= Pali dhammatā), natural and normal custom, habit, natural condition, what is to be expected, normal state, rule, standard custom, ordinary thing; (as in Pali) often in n. sg., frequently at the beginning of a sentence and often followed by khalu (sometimes hi), (you are to know that) it is the regular thing, often then gen. of person, as e.g. buddhānāṃ, rarely loc., and a clause stating what the ‘regular thing’ is; but sometimes also referring to what precedes: dharmatā (usually foll. by khalu or hi)…Mv i.338.19 (…(i)yaṃ teṣāṃ sattvānāṃ…); iii.255.17 (…buddhānāṃ…); Divy 3.2; 18.8; 67.16, etc.; Av i.4.6; 10.6, etc.; Jm 88.3; 98.16; iyam atra dharmatā LV 219.5; RP 10.9; dharmatā hy eṣā dharmāṇāṃ Laṅk 9.4 (verse), for this is the normal condition of states-of-existence; lokahitāna dharmatā SP 392.2 (verse); buddhānāṃ eṣā (read with v.l. eṣa, m.c.) dharmatā Mv iii.327.12 (verse); loc., eṣa buddheṣu dharmatā Ud xxi.12 (same verse with gen. in Pali Aṅguttaranikāya (Pali) ii.21.22); dharmatā-pratilambha eṣa caramabhā- vikānāṃ bodhisattvānāṃ…LV 161.12 (here I fail to see that -pratilambha adds anything in particular; the cpd. seems to mean about the same as dharmatā alone, it is the established, normal procedure…); (bodhisattva- sya…) abhijñādharmatā LV 85.10, normal state of (having the) abhijñā; dharmatā-prāpta Mv i.301.8, arrived at the normal (correct, to-be-expected) state, said of the mind of a Pratyekabuddha; pratyātma-dharmatā-śuddhaṃ (nayaṃ) Laṅk 8.1 (verse); śruṇuya yo ti dharmatāṃ LV 54.2 (verse), who ever hears your true nature (regular procedure; con- trasted with one who just sees or listens, i.e. to a few words); lokānuvartanakriyā-dharmatāṃ anuvartya LV 179.18; jarādharmatāyām anatītāḥ Mv ii.151.7, not free from (subjection to) the normal condition of old age; jāti- dharmatāyāḥ (abl.) Av i.211.15, from the normal condition [Page278-b+ 71] of birth; instr., by the method (means) of…, by way of…: (śatana-patana-vikiraṇa-) vidhvaṃsana-dharmatayā Divy 180.24; 281.31; atyantakṣīṇakṣaya-dharmatayā (so, as cpd.) niruddhāḥ LV 419.16 (verse), Tibetan śin tu zad ciṅ byaṅ baḥi chos-ñid-kyis (dharmatayā) ni ḥgags; paramagatigato 'si dharmatāye Mv iii.381.8, you have gone to the highest goal according to your natural, normal procedure; dharmatāṃ vā pratisaraty Bbh 255.13, see pratisarati. In Bhad 3 Leumann interprets dharmata-dhātuṃ as m.c. for dhar- matā-dh° which he assumes = dharma-dh°; but dharmata is rather for °taḥ, abl. of dharma, as a separate word.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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