Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.90.25

एषा ते राष्ट्रवृत्तिश्च राष्ट्रगुप्तिश्च भारत ।
एतमेवार्थमाश्रित्य भूयो वक्ष्यामि पाण्डव ॥ २५ ॥

eṣā te rāṣṭravṛttiśca rāṣṭraguptiśca bhārata |
etamevārthamāśritya bhūyo vakṣyāmi pāṇḍava || 25 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...should, therefore, by abandoning deceitfulness, seek to obtain the trust of all creatures. He should also seek to protect his subjects from all fears if he seek to enjoy the earth.'" "Yudhishthira said, 'Tell...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.90.25). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Esha, Tad, Yushmad, Rashtra, Vritti, Rashtragupti, Bharata, Eta, Eva, Artha, Ashritya, Bhuyah, Bhuyas, Pandava,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.90.25). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “eṣā te rāṣṭravṛttiśca rāṣṭraguptiśca bhārata
  • eṣā -
  • eṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • rāṣṭra -
  • rāṣṭra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rāṣṭra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vṛttiś -
  • vṛtti (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rāṣṭraguptiś -
  • rāṣṭragupti (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhārata -
  • bhārata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhārata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “etamevārthamāśritya bhūyo vakṣyāmi pāṇḍava
  • etam -
  • eta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    eta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    etā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • evā -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • artham -
  • artha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    artha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • āśritya -
  • āśritya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    āśritya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    āśritya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhūyo* -
  • bhūyaḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bhūyas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bhūyas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • vakṣyāmi -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [future active first single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [future active first single]
    vah (verb class 1)
    [future active first single]
  • pāṇḍava -
  • pāṇḍava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pāṇḍava (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.90.25

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.90.25 in Kannada sript:
ಏಷಾ ತೇ ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರವೃತ್ತಿಶ್ಚ ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಗುಪ್ತಿಶ್ಚ ಭಾರತ ।
ಏತಮೇವಾರ್ಥಮಾಶ್ರಿತ್ಯ ಭೂಯೋ ವಕ್ಷ್ಯಾಮಿ ಪಾಣ್ಡವ ॥ ೨೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.90.25 in Bengali sript:
এষা তে রাষ্ট্রবৃত্তিশ্চ রাষ্ট্রগুপ্তিশ্চ ভারত ।
এতমেবার্থমাশ্রিত্য ভূযো বক্ষ্যামি পাণ্ডব ॥ ২৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.90.25 in Gujarati sript:
એષા તે રાષ્ટ્રવૃત્તિશ્ચ રાષ્ટ્રગુપ્તિશ્ચ ભારત ।
એતમેવાર્થમાશ્રિત્ય ભૂયો વક્ષ્યામિ પાણ્ડવ ॥ ૨૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.90.25 in Malayalam sript:
ഏഷാ തേ രാഷ്ട്രവൃത്തിശ്ച രാഷ്ട്രഗുപ്തിശ്ച ഭാരത ।
ഏതമേവാര്ഥമാശ്രിത്യ ഭൂയോ വക്ഷ്യാമി പാണ്ഡവ ॥ ൨൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.90.25 in Telugu sript:
ఏషా తే రాష్ట్రవృత్తిశ్చ రాష్ట్రగుప్తిశ్చ భారత ।
ఏతమేవార్థమాశ్రిత్య భూయో వక్ష్యామి పాణ్డవ ॥ ౨౫ ॥

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