Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.90.24

इतो दत्तेन जीवन्ति देवाः पितृगणास्तथा ।
मनुष्योरगरक्षांसि वयांसि पशवस्तथा ॥ २४ ॥

ito dattena jīvanti devāḥ pitṛgaṇāstathā |
manuṣyoragarakṣāṃsi vayāṃsi paśavastathā || 24 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...king that is fearless and virtuous, becomes the beloved of all creatures. All creatures, also, O Bharata, trust such a ruler. Winning their trust, he succeeds in enjoying the earth as he pleases. The king should...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.90.24). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Itah, Ita, Datta, Jivanti, Jivat, Deva, Pitrigana, Tatha, Manushi, Rakshas, Vayas, Pashu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.90.24). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ito dattena jīvanti devāḥ pitṛgaṇāstathā
  • ito* -
  • itaḥ (indeclinable)
    ita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    i -> ita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • dattena -
  • datta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    datta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • jīvanti -
  • jīvanti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    jīvantī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    jīvat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    jīv -> jīvat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √jīv class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √jīv class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √jīv class 1 verb]
    jīv -> jīvantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √jīv class 1 verb]
    jīv (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • devāḥ -
  • deva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    devā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • pitṛgaṇās -
  • pitṛgaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    pitṛgaṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “manuṣyoragarakṣāṃsi vayāṃsi paśavastathā
  • manuṣyor -
  • manuṣī (noun, feminine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
  • raga -
  • rag (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • rakṣāṃsi -
  • rakṣas (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vayāṃsi -
  • vayas (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • paśavas -
  • paśu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.90.24

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.90.24 in Kannada sript:
ಇತೋ ದತ್ತೇನ ಜೀವನ್ತಿ ದೇವಾಃ ಪಿತೃಗಣಾಸ್ತಥಾ ।
ಮನುಷ್ಯೋರಗರಕ್ಷಾಂಸಿ ವಯಾಂಸಿ ಪಶವಸ್ತಥಾ ॥ ೨೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.90.24 in Bengali sript:
ইতো দত্তেন জীবন্তি দেবাঃ পিতৃগণাস্তথা ।
মনুষ্যোরগরক্ষাংসি বযাংসি পশবস্তথা ॥ ২৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.90.24 in Gujarati sript:
ઇતો દત્તેન જીવન્તિ દેવાઃ પિતૃગણાસ્તથા ।
મનુષ્યોરગરક્ષાંસિ વયાંસિ પશવસ્તથા ॥ ૨૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.90.24 in Malayalam sript:
ഇതോ ദത്തേന ജീവന്തി ദേവാഃ പിതൃഗണാസ്തഥാ ।
മനുഷ്യോരഗരക്ഷാംസി വയാംസി പശവസ്തഥാ ॥ ൨൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.90.24 in Telugu sript:
ఇతో దత్తేన జీవన్తి దేవాః పితృగణాస్తథా ।
మనుష్యోరగరక్షాంసి వయాంసి పశవస్తథా ॥ ౨౪ ॥

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