Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.20.13

आविक्षितः पार्थिवो वै मरुत्तः स्वृद्ध्या मर्त्यो योऽजयद्देवराजम् ।
यज्ञे यस्य श्रीः स्वयं संनिविष्टा यस्मिन्भाण्डं काञ्चनं सर्वमासीत् ॥ १३ ॥

āvikṣitaḥ pārthivo vai maruttaḥ svṛddhyā martyo yo'jayaddevarājam |
yajñe yasya śrīḥ svayaṃ saṃniviṣṭā yasminbhāṇḍaṃ kāñcanaṃ sarvamāsīt || 13 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...approved usages and behaviour and prepared to cast off their lives in battle. Having studied the Vedas well and the other scriptures also, having ruled his kingdom properly and caused all the four orders to...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.20.13). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Avikshita, Parthiva, Marutta, Riddhi, Martya, Yah, Devaraj, Devaraja, Yajna, Yasya, Yat, Shri, Svayam, Samnivishta, Bhanda, Kancana, Sarvam, Sarva,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.20.13). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “āvikṣitaḥ pārthivo vai maruttaḥ svṛddhyā martyo yo'jayaddevarājam
  • āvikṣitaḥ -
  • āvikṣita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pārthivo* -
  • pārthiva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • maruttaḥ -
  • marutta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • svṛ -
  • (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    so (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ṛddhyā* -
  • ṛddhi (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    ṛddhī (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • martyo* -
  • martya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yo' -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yu (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    yu (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ajayad -
  • ji (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • devarājam -
  • devarāja (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    devarājan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    devarāj (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “yajñe yasya śrīḥ svayaṃ saṃniviṣṭā yasminbhāṇḍaṃ kāñcanaṃ sarvamāsīt
  • yajñe -
  • yajña (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • yasya -
  • yasya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yasya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yas -> yasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √yas]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    yas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • śrīḥ -
  • śrī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative plural]
    śrī (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • svayam -
  • svayam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • saṃniviṣṭā* -
  • saṃniviṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    saṃniviṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • yasmin -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • bhāṇḍam -
  • bhāṇḍa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhāṇḍa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kāñcanam -
  • kāñcana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kāñcana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • sarvam -
  • sarvam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sarva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • āsīt -
  • ās (verb class 2)
    [aorist active third single], [injunctive active third single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.20.13

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.20.13 in Kannada sript:
ಆವಿಕ್ಷಿತಃ ಪಾರ್ಥಿವೋ ವೈ ಮರುತ್ತಃ ಸ್ವೃದ್ಧ್ಯಾ ಮರ್ತ್ಯೋ ಯೋಽಜಯದ್ದೇವರಾಜಮ್ ।
ಯಜ್ಞೇ ಯಸ್ಯ ಶ್ರೀಃ ಸ್ವಯಂ ಸಂನಿವಿಷ್ಟಾ ಯಸ್ಮಿನ್ಭಾಣ್ಡಂ ಕಾಞ್ಚನಂ ಸರ್ವಮಾಸೀತ್ ॥ ೧೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.20.13 in Bengali sript:
আবিক্ষিতঃ পার্থিবো বৈ মরুত্তঃ স্বৃদ্ধ্যা মর্ত্যো যোঽজযদ্দেবরাজম্ ।
যজ্ঞে যস্য শ্রীঃ স্বযং সংনিবিষ্টা যস্মিন্ভাণ্ডং কাঞ্চনং সর্বমাসীত্ ॥ ১৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.20.13 in Gujarati sript:
આવિક્ષિતઃ પાર્થિવો વૈ મરુત્તઃ સ્વૃદ્ધ્યા મર્ત્યો યોઽજયદ્દેવરાજમ્ ।
યજ્ઞે યસ્ય શ્રીઃ સ્વયં સંનિવિષ્ટા યસ્મિન્ભાણ્ડં કાઞ્ચનં સર્વમાસીત્ ॥ ૧૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.20.13 in Malayalam sript:
ആവിക്ഷിതഃ പാര്ഥിവോ വൈ മരുത്തഃ സ്വൃദ്ധ്യാ മര്ത്യോ യോഽജയദ്ദേവരാജമ് ।
യജ്ഞേ യസ്യ ശ്രീഃ സ്വയം സംനിവിഷ്ടാ യസ്മിന്ഭാണ്ഡം കാഞ്ചനം സര്വമാസീത് ॥ ൧൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.20.13 in Telugu sript:
ఆవిక్షితః పార్థివో వై మరుత్తః స్వృద్ధ్యా మర్త్యో యోఽజయద్దేవరాజమ్ ।
యజ్ఞే యస్య శ్రీః స్వయం సంనివిష్టా యస్మిన్భాణ్డం కాఞ్చనం సర్వమాసీత్ ॥ ౧౩ ॥

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