Kancana, Kañcana, Kāñcana: 24 definitions
Kancana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Kanchana.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
Kāñcana (काञ्चन):—Son of Bhīma (son of Vijaya, one of sons of Purūravā). He had a son named Hotraka. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.15.2-3)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Kāñcana (काञ्चन).—One of the two warriors given to Skandadeva by Mahāmeru. The other warrior was named Meghamālī. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 47).
2) Kāñcana (काञ्चन).—A King of the Pūru dynasty. See under the word PŪRUVAṂŚA.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Kāñcana (काञ्चन).—The son of Bhīma, and father of Hotraka (Suhotra, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 15. 3; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 7. 3.
1b) An Yakṣa.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 12.
Kañcana (कञ्चन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.48.26, V.19.15, IX.44.43) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kañcana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
1) Kāñcana (काञ्चन) is another name (synonym) for Kampillaka, which is the Sanskrit word for Mallotus philippensis (kamala tree), a plant from the Cleomaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 13.99), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.
2) Kāñcana (काञ्चन) is another name (synonym) for Karbudāra, which is the Sanskrit word for Bauhinia variegata (orchid tree), a plant from the Cleomaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 13.99), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Kāñcana (काञ्चन) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Kalyāṇa in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
1. Kancana - One of the three palaces used by Sumedha Buddha in his last lay life (Bu.xii.19). The Commentary (BuA.163) calls it Konca.
2. Kancana - See Kancanavela.
3. Kancana - See Maha Kancana and Upakancana.
4. Kancana - See Kancanamanava.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Kāñcana (काञ्चन) refers to the “golden realm” and represents one of the “seven lower regions” (pātāla ) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 123). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., kāñcana). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
Kañcana (कञ्चन) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Kañcana] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
Kañcana (कञ्चन) or Kañcanapabbata is the name of a mountain (pabbata) situated in Uttarāpatha (Northern District) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—In the Abbhantara Jātaka we are told that the Kañcana-pabbata is in the Himavanta. From the Nimi Jātaka we know that it is in the Uttara Himavanta.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
kañcana : (nt.) gold.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Kañcana, (nt.) (Derivation uncertain, cp. Sk. kāñeana, either from khacati (shine=the shining metal, cp. kāca (glass) & Sk. kāś), or from kanaka gold, cp. Gr. knhkόs (yellow). P. kañcana is poetical) gold A. III, 346= Th. 1, 691 (muttaṃ selā va k.); Th. 2, 266 (k° ssa phalakaṃ va); VvA. 4, 9 (=jātarūpa). Esp. frequent in cpds. =of or like gold.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kañcana (कंचन).—m (kāñcana S) A flower tree and its flower, Michelia champaca. 2 Mountain ebony, Bauhinia variegata.
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kāñcana (कांचन).—n (S) Gold. 2 A tree bearing a yellow fragrant flower, Michelia Champaca. 3 Mountain ebony, Bauhinia variegata. 4 One of the suits of cards.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
kāñcana (कांचन).—n Gold. Mountain ebony.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Kāñcana (काञ्चन).—a. (-nī f.) [काञ्च्-ल्युट् (kāñc-lyuṭ)] Golden, made of gold; तन्मध्ये च स्फटिकफलका काञ्चनी वासयष्टिः (tanmadhye ca sphaṭikaphalakā kāñcanī vāsayaṣṭiḥ) Me.81; काञ्चनं वलयम् (kāñcanaṃ valayam) Ś.6.8; Ms.5.112.
-nam 1 Gold; समलोष्टाश्मकाञ्चनः (samaloṣṭāśmakāñcanaḥ) Bg. 14.24. (grāhyam) अमेध्यादपि काञ्चनम् (amedhyādapi kāñcanam) Ms.2.239.
2) Lustre, brilliancy.
3) Property, wealth, money.
4) The filament of a lotus.
5) Yellow orpiment.
6) A binding.
-naḥ 1 The Dhattūra plant.
2) The Champaka tree.
-nī 1 Turmeric.
2) Yellow orpiment.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Kāñcana (काञ्चन).—m. (1) gold (in Sanskrit only nt.): Lalitavistara 122.16 (verse) nā bhāsī itaraḥ sa kāñcana (read °naḥ, m.c.) prabhasi- rirahitaḥ; (2) name of a kind of tree (in Sanskrit Lexx. applied to several trees; Prakrit kaṃcana, m., according to [Paia-sadda-mahaṇṇavo] a kind [Page176-a+ 71] of tree): Mahā-Māyūrī 258.10 (mahāvṛkṣa); Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.286.10; MPS 49.25.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-naḥ-nī-naṃ) Golden, of gold. n.
(-naṃ) 1. Gold. 2. Wealth. 3. A filament of the lotus. m.
(-naḥ) 1. Mountain ebony, (Bauhinia variegata, &c.) 2. A tree bearing a yellow fragrant flower, (Michelia champaca.) 3. Another plant, (Mesua ferrea:) see nāgakesara. 4. Glomerous fig-tree: see uḍumbara. 5. Common thorn apple, (Datura metel.) f. (-nī) 1. Turmeric. 2. A yellow pigment. E. kaci to shine, &c. lyuṭ affix, the radical vowel lengthened; this etymology gives the meaning gold, the others refer to their colour, &c. in which they resemble the metal.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kāñcana (काञ्चन).—I. n. 1. Gold. [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 239. 2. Wealth, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 33. Ii. adj., f. nī, Golden, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 112; [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 52, 21. Iii. m. A proper name, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 9, 15, 3.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kāñcana (काञ्चन).—1. [neuter] gold.
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Kāñcana (काञ्चन).—2. [feminine] ī golden; [masculine] & [feminine] [Name] of [several] plants.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Kāñcana (काञ्चन) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—son of Nārāyaṇa Vādīśvara, wrote by order of Jayadeva: Dhanaṃjayavijaya vyāyoga. In the introduction he mentions Gadādhara. Śp. p. 15.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kāñcana (काञ्चन):—[from kāñc] n. gold, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 2; Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Nalopākhyāna; Suśruta; Hitopadeśa]
2) [v.s. ...] money, wealth, property, [Horace H. Wilson]
3) [v.s. ...] the filament of the lotus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] mf(ī)n. golden, made or consisting of gold, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Manu-smṛti; Meghadūta; Śakuntalā; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
5) [v.s. ...] m. Name of several edible plants (Mesua ferrea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; Michelia Champaca, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; Ficus glomerata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; Bauhinia variegata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; Datura fastuosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; Rottleria tinctoria, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])
6) [v.s. ...] a covenant binding for the whole life, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra] (= [Hitopadeśa])
7) [v.s. ...] a particular form of temple, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]
8) [v.s. ...] Name of the fifth Buddha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Nārāyaṇa (author of the play Dhanaṃjaya-vijaya)
10) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince (cf. kāñcana-prabha)
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Kāñcana (काञ्चन):—1. n.
1) Gold [das 1, 2.] [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 95.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 235.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1043.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 365.] [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna 49.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 239. 4, 233. 8, 88. 113.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 332. Nalopākhyāna 17, 7.] [Suśruta 1, 110, 10. 378, 13.] [Prooemium im Hitopadeśa 41.] Vermögen [Śabdakalpadruma] [Wilson’s Wörterbuch] —
2) Staubfaden des Lotus [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa]
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1) adj. f. ī golden [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 5, 112.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 4, 26. 3, 21, 17. 6, 38, 28.] yadidaṃ nirgataṃ tasyāstaptajāmbūnadaprabhām . kāñcanaṃ dharaṇīṃ prāptaṃ hiraṇyamabhavattadā [1, 38, 19.] [Śākuntala 133. 171.] [Duaupadīpramātha 2, 7.] [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 288.] An den drei letzten Stellen am Anfange eines comp., so dass auch die subst. Bed. Gold zulässig ist. f. [Mahābhārata 1, 6974. 3, 11778. 4, 1825. 14, 2633.] [Sāvitryupākhyāna 1, 23.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 52, 21. 58, 26. 6, 73, 29. 112, 79.] [Meghadūta 77.] [BHAVIṢYOTT. Pāṇini’s acht Bücher] in [morgenländischen Gesellschaft 6, 94, 3.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 23, 32. 5, 20, 35. 25, 7.] —
2) m. a) Name verschiedener Pflanzen: α) Mesua ferrea [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 2, 45.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 365.] [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna 48.] — β) Michelia Champaca (campaka). — γ) Ficus glomerata. — δ) Bauhinia variegata [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] — ε) Datura fastuosa [Medinīkoṣa] — ζ) = puṃnāga [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] — b) Nomen proprium des 5ten Buddha [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 236.] — eines Fürsten (s. kāñcanaprabha) [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 15, 3.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 398.] —
3) f. ī a) Gelbwurz [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 41.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 418.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — b) eine Art Asclepias (svarṇakṣīrī). — c) ein best. gelbes Pigment (s. gorocanā) [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]
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1) sarve guṇāḥ kāñcanamāśrayanti Gold so v. a. Geld [Spr. 2447.]
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2) a) eine best. essbare Pflanze: kalambīṃ kāñcanaṃ nādyāt [Harivaṃśa 7844.] alābuṃ kāñcanīṃ dadyāt die neuere Ausg. — b) Nomen proprium eines Purodhas [Rāmāyaṇa 7, 108, 8.] eines Autors [Oxforder Handschriften 139,b, No. 279.] — c) (sc. saṃdhi) Bez. eines Bündnisses, welches das ganze Leben hindurch währt, gleichen Zwecken dient und weder im Unglück noch im Glück und überhaupt bei keiner Veranlassung gebrochen wird, [Spr. 4880. fg.] [Hitopadeśa 133, 3.] Vgl. saṃdhi .
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+67): Kancana-medini, Kancana-patta, Kancana-tula, Kancanabha, Kancanabhata, Kancanabhidhanasamdhi, Kancanabhu, Kancanabhusha, Kancanabimba, Kancanabubbula, Kancanacakra, Kancanacala, Kancanacarya, Kancanacaya, Kancanadamshtra, Kancanadarpana, Kancanadevi, Kancanadi, Kancanadri, Kancanagairika.
Ends with: Akancana, Anumanakancana, Bahalakancana, Devakancana, Gobijakancana, Jambukancana, Maha Kancana, Manikancana, Mushikancana, Nihkancana, Nishkancana, Raktakancana, Samaloshtakancana, Samaloshtashmakancana, Samaloshtrakancana, Samatrinamaniloshtakancana, Sarvakancana, Taptakancana, Upakancana, Vrihikancana.
Full-text (+154): Kancanamaya, Kancanagiri, Kancanakandara, Hotraka, Kancanakarini, Kancanavapra, Kancanacaya, Kancanavarman, Kancanavela, Kancanabhu, Kancanara, Kancana-patta, Kancanasandhi, Raktakancana, Kancanadamshtra, Kancanagairika, Kancanasamnibha, Kancanapura, Kancanapuri, Kancanabhusha.
Search found 33 books and stories containing Kancana, Kañcana, Kāñcana; (plurals include: Kancanas, Kañcanas, Kāñcanas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Part 12 - Changing the surrounding ground into diamond < [Chapter LI - Seeing all the Buddha Fields]
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Buddha Chronicle 11: Sumedha Buddhavamasa < [Chapter 9 - The chronicle of twenty-four Buddhas]
Biography (10): Kaccāyana Mahāthera < [Chapter 43 - Forty-one Arahat-Mahatheras and their Respective Etadagga titles]
The Jataka tales [English], Volume 1-6 (by Robert Chalmers)
Jataka 488: Bhisa-jātaka < [Volume 4]
Jataka 281: Abbhantara-jātaka < [Book III - Tika-Nipāta]
Śrī Kṛṣṇa-vijaya (by Śrī Gunaraja Khan)
The Tattvasangraha [with commentary] (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 1084 < [Chapter 16 - Examination of the Import of Words]
Verse 2389-2390 < [Chapter 24b - Arguments against the reliability of the Veda (the Revealed Word)]
The Ramayana of Valmiki (by Hari Prasad Shastri)