Kancana, Kañcana, Kāñcana: 21 definitions

Introduction

Kancana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Kanchana.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Kāñcana (काञ्चन):—Son of Bhīma (son of Vijaya, one of sons of Purūravā). He had a son named Hotraka. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.15.2-3)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Kāñcana (काञ्चन).—One of the two warriors given to Skandadeva by Mahāmeru. The other warrior was named Meghamālī. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 47).

2) Kāñcana (काञ्चन).—A King of the Pūru dynasty. See under the word PŪRUVAṂŚA.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kāñcana (काञ्चन).—The son of Bhīma, and father of Hotraka (Suhotra, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 15. 3; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 7. 3.

1b) An Yakṣa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 12.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kañcana (कञ्चन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.48.26, V.19.15, IX.44.43) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kañcana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Kāñcana (काञ्चन) is another name (synonym) for Kampillaka, which is the Sanskrit word for Mallotus philippensis (kamala tree), a plant from the Cleomaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 13.99), which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

2) Kāñcana (काञ्चन) is another name (synonym) for Karbudāra, which is the Sanskrit word for Bauhinia variegata (orchid tree), a plant from the Cleomaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 13.99), which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Kāñcana (काञ्चन) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Kalyāṇa in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Kancana - One of the three palaces used by Sumedha Buddha in his last lay life (Bu.xii.19). The Commentary (BuA.163) calls it Konca.

2. Kancana - See Kancanavela.

3. Kancana - See Maha Kancana and Upakancana.

4. Kancana - See Kancanamanava.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Kāñcana (काञ्चन) refers to the “golden realm” and represents one of the “seven lower regions” (pātāla ) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 123). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., kāñcana). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Kañcana (कञ्चन) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Kañcana] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Kañcana (कञ्चन) or Kañcanapabbata is the name of a mountain (pabbata) situated in Uttarāpatha (Northern District) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—In the Abbhantara Jātaka we are told that the Kañcana-pabbata is in the Himavanta. From the Nimi Jātaka we know that it is in the Uttara Himavanta.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kancana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kañcana : (nt.) gold.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kañcana, (nt.) (Derivation uncertain, cp. Sk. kāñeana, either from khacati (shine=the shining metal, cp. kāca (glass) & Sk. kāś), or from kanaka gold, cp. Gr. knhkόs (yellow). P. kañcana is poetical) gold A. III, 346= Th. 1, 691 (muttaṃ selā va k.); Th. 2, 266 (k° ssa phalakaṃ va); VvA. 4, 9 (=jātarūpa). Esp. frequent in cpds. =of or like gold.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kañcana (कंचन).—m (kāñcana S) A flower tree and its flower, Michelia champaca. 2 Mountain ebony, Bauhinia variegata.

--- OR ---

kāñcana (कांचन).—n (S) Gold. 2 A tree bearing a yellow fragrant flower, Michelia Champaca. 3 Mountain ebony, Bauhinia variegata. 4 One of the suits of cards.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kāñcana (कांचन).—n Gold. Mountain ebony.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kāñcana (काञ्चन).—a. (- f.) [काञ्च्-ल्युट् (kāñc-lyuṭ)] Golden, made of gold; तन्मध्ये च स्फटिकफलका काञ्चनी वासयष्टिः (tanmadhye ca sphaṭikaphalakā kāñcanī vāsayaṣṭiḥ) Me.81; काञ्चनं वलयम् (kāñcanaṃ valayam) Ś.6.8; Ms.5.112.

-nam 1 Gold; समलोष्टाश्मकाञ्चनः (samaloṣṭāśmakāñcanaḥ) Bg. 14.24. (grāhyam) अमेध्यादपि काञ्चनम् (amedhyādapi kāñcanam) Ms.2.239.

2) Lustre, brilliancy.

3) Property, wealth, money.

4) The filament of a lotus.

5) Yellow orpiment.

6) A binding.

-naḥ 1 The Dhattūra plant.

2) The Champaka tree.

-nī 1 Turmeric.

2) Yellow orpiment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kāñcana (काञ्चन).—m. (1) gold (in Sanskrit only nt.): LV 122.16 (verse) nā bhāsī itaraḥ sa kāñcana (read °naḥ, m.c.) prabhasi- rirahitaḥ; (2) n. of a kind of tree (in Sanskrit Lexx. applied to several trees; Prakrit kaṃcana, m., acc. to Sheth a kind [Page176-a+ 71] of tree): Māy 258.10 (mahāvṛkṣa); MSV i.286.10; MPS 49.25.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāñcana (काञ्चन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nī-naṃ) Golden, of gold. n.

(-naṃ) 1. Gold. 2. Wealth. 3. A filament of the lotus. m.

(-naḥ) 1. Mountain ebony, (Bauhinia variegata, &c.) 2. A tree bearing a yellow fragrant flower, (Michelia champaca.) 3. Another plant, (Mesua ferrea:) see nāgakesara. 4. Glomerous fig-tree: see uḍumbara. 5. Common thorn apple, (Datura metel.) f. (-nī) 1. Turmeric. 2. A yellow pigment. E. kaci to shine, &c. lyuṭ affix, the radical vowel lengthened; this etymology gives the meaning gold, the others refer to their colour, &c. in which they resemble the metal.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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