Martya, Mārtya, Matrya: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Martya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Marty.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Martya (मर्त्य) refers to “people (of modern times)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.5 (“The Tripuras are fascinated).—Accordingly, as Arihan said to the Lord of the Three Cities: “[...] It is unnecessary to divide the people into different castes. When all are men who is superior and who is inferior? Old men say that creation began with Brahmā. He begot two sons the famous Dakṣa and Marīci. Kaśyapa, the son of Marīci married thirteen of the sweet-eyed daughters of Dakṣa, they say, in accordance with righteous path. But people (martya) of modern times whose intelligence and valour are but a modicum unnecessarily wrangle over the fact whether this is proper or improper. [...]”.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Martya (मर्त्य) together with the Sudhiyas are the deities in the Tāmasamanvantara: one of the fourteen Manvantaras, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, “ In the tāmasamanvantara the Martyas and the Sudhiyas are the Gods, Jyoti, Dharma Pṛthu, Kalpa, Caitrāgni-savana and Pīvara are the seven sages. Śibi was the Indra”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Martya (मर्त्य) refers to the “mortal condition”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] Without utterance, incomparable, free of the impurity that is thought and the duality of desire, it is the undisturbed (stream up to the Transmental) with six parts. This is said to be the differentiated form of liberation. The undifferentiated (form—niṣkala) is said to (come) at the end of that. Once known the differentiated and the undifferentiated (forms of liberation), the yogi is freed from the mortal condition (martya). I will now expound the sixfold introduction to the differentiated (sakala aspect). [...]”.

2) Martya (मर्त्य) refers to the “mortal (world)”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—Accordingly, “Kula is the goddess Kuṇḍalinī, Karaṅkinyā, she who transports (the energies). She is Śakti who goes to Kula. I praise her who is auspicious in every way. All that is perceived in the mortal (world) (martya) is just an entity born of Kula. Kula, the omnipresent Lord is where everything dissolves away”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Martya (मर्त्य) refers to the “(world of) mortals”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “The doctrine is able to produce the happiness which is the best part of the city of the chief of the snakes. The doctrine is the great joy conveyed to the world of mortals (martya-loka) for those possessing a desire for that. The doctrine is the place of the arising of the taste for the constant happiness in the city of heaven. Does not the doctrine make a man fit for pleasure with a woman [in the form] of liberation?”.

Synonyms: Nara, Nṛ, Manuṣya.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

martya (मर्त्य).—a S Mortal. 2 Used as s m A mortal.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

martya (मर्त्य).—m A mortal. a Mortal.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Martya (मर्त्य).—a. [marte-bhavaḥ yat] Mortal.

-rtyaḥ 1 A mortal, a human being, man; शौचाशौचं हि मर्त्यानां लोकेशप्रभवाप्ययम् (śaucāśaucaṃ hi martyānāṃ lokeśaprabhavāpyayam) Manusmṛti 5.97.

2) The world of mortals, the earth.

-tyam The body; अन्ने प्रलीयते मर्त्यमन्नं धानासु लीयते (anne pralīyate martyamannaṃ dhānāsu līyate) Bhāgavata 11.24. 22.

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Mārtya (मार्त्य).—a. Mortal.

-tyam Mortality; तस्यास्तद्योगविधुतमार्त्यं मर्त्यमभूत् सरित् (tasyāstadyogavidhutamārtyaṃ martyamabhūt sarit) Bhāgavata 3.33.32.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mārtya (मार्त्य).—n.

(-rtyaṃ) Morality.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Martya (मर्त्य).—i. e. marta + ya, I. m. 1. A mortal, a man, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 89. 2. The earth. Ii. f. , A woman. Iii. n. The body, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 33, 32.

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Mārtya (मार्त्य).—i. e. mṛta + ya (adj. or sbst. n.), Mortal, the mortal part, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 33, 32.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Martya (मर्त्य).—[adjective] mortal, [masculine] man.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Martya (मर्त्य):—[from marta] mfn. who or what must die, mortal, [Brāhmaṇa; Kauśika-sūtra]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a mortal, man, person, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] the world of mortals, the earth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Martyā (मर्त्या):—[from martya > marta] f. dying, death (See putra-martyā)

5) Martya (मर्त्य):—[from marta] n. that which is mortal, the body, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) Mārtya (मार्त्य):—n. ([from] martya) the corporeal part (of man), mortality, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Martya (मर्त्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Macca, Maccia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Martya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Martya (मर्त्य) [Also spelled marty]:—(a) mortal; ~[dharmā] mortal, who is destined to pass away; ~[loka] the mortal world, the earth.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Matrya (ಮತ್ರ್ಯ):—[adjective] that is bound to die; not eternal; liable to die.

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Matrya (ಮತ್ರ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] a human being who is liable to die.

2) [noun] the earth, the world of human beings.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Martya (मर्त्य):—adj. mortal; dying; n. 1. man; mankind; human being; 2. mortal world; the earth;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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