Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 7.172.30

कृत्स्ना ह्यक्षौहिणी राजन्सव्यसाची च पाण्डवः ।
तमसा संवृते लोके नादृश्यत महाहवे ॥ ३० ॥

kṛtsnā hyakṣauhiṇī rājansavyasācī ca pāṇḍavaḥ |
tamasā saṃvṛte loke nādṛśyata mahāhave || 30 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...cardinal and subsidiary, from the firmament and the very earth, showers of sharp and fierce arrows fell and issued with the impetuosity of Garuda or the wind. Struck and burnt by those...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.172.30). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kritsna, Akshauhini, Rajan, Rajat, Savyasacin, Savyasaci, Pandava, Pandu, Tamas, Tamasa, Samvrit, Samvrita, Samvriti, Loka, Rishya, Mahahava,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 7.172.30). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kṛtsnā hyakṣauhiṇī rājansavyasācī ca pāṇḍavaḥ
  • kṛtsnā* -
  • kṛtsna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kṛtsnā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • hya -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • akṣauhiṇī -
  • akṣauhiṇī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • rājan -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb]
  • savyasācī -
  • savyasācī (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    savyasācī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    savyasācin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pāṇḍavaḥ -
  • pāṇḍavas (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
    pāṇḍava (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    pāṇḍu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    pāṇḍu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 2: “tamasā saṃvṛte loke nādṛśyata mahāhave
  • tamasā -
  • tamas (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    tamasā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • saṃvṛte -
  • saṃvṛt (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    saṃvṛt (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    saṃvṛta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    saṃvṛta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    saṃvṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    saṃvṛti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • loke -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    lok (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • nād -
  • na (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • ṛśya -
  • ṛśya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ṛśya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ta -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • mahāhave -
  • mahāhava (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 7.172.30

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 7.172.30 in Kannada sript:
ಕೃತ್ಸ್ನಾ ಹ್ಯಕ್ಷೌಹಿಣೀ ರಾಜನ್ಸವ್ಯಸಾಚೀ ಚ ಪಾಣ್ಡವಃ ।
ತಮಸಾ ಸಂವೃತೇ ಲೋಕೇ ನಾದೃಶ್ಯತ ಮಹಾಹವೇ ॥ ೩೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 7.172.30 in Bengali sript:
কৃত্স্না হ্যক্ষৌহিণী রাজন্সব্যসাচী চ পাণ্ডবঃ ।
তমসা সংবৃতে লোকে নাদৃশ্যত মহাহবে ॥ ৩০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 7.172.30 in Gujarati sript:
કૃત્સ્ના હ્યક્ષૌહિણી રાજન્સવ્યસાચી ચ પાણ્ડવઃ ।
તમસા સંવૃતે લોકે નાદૃશ્યત મહાહવે ॥ ૩૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 7.172.30 in Malayalam sript:
കൃത്സ്നാ ഹ്യക്ഷൌഹിണീ രാജന്സവ്യസാചീ ച പാണ്ഡവഃ ।
തമസാ സംവൃതേ ലോകേ നാദൃശ്യത മഹാഹവേ ॥ ൩൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 7.172.30 in Telugu sript:
కృత్స్నా హ్యక్షౌహిణీ రాజన్సవ్యసాచీ చ పాణ్డవః ।
తమసా సంవృతే లోకే నాదృశ్యత మహాహవే ॥ ౩౦ ॥

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