Akshauhini, Akṣauhiṇī: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Akshauhini means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Akṣauhiṇī can be transliterated into English as Aksauhini or Akshauhini, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous (A) next»] — Akshauhini in Shaktism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam

One Akṣauhiṇī (अक्षौहिणी) consists of a large army consisting of 21,870 chariots, as many elephants, 65,610 horses, and 109,350 foot

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (A) next»] — Akshauhini in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Akṣauhiṇī (अक्षौहिणी).—A big division of an army. It is described in the Verses 19 to 26 in the 2nd Chapter of Ādi Parva of the Malayalam Mahābhārata. It says thus: One chariot, one elephant, three horses and five soldiers constitute what is termed a Patti. Three such pattis make one Senāmukha and three such senāmukhas make one Gulma. Three gulmas make one Gaṇa and three such gaṇas make one Vāhinī. Three such vāhinīs make one Pṛtanā. An Akṣauhiṇī contains 21870 chariots, an equal number of elephants, 65160 horses and 109350 soldiers.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Akṣauhiṇī.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘eleven’. Note: akṣauhiṇī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Akshauhini in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

akṣauhiṇī (अक्षौहिणी).—f S A hundred trillions. 2 An army having its complement of foot, horse, chariots, and elephants.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

akṣauhiṇī (अक्षौहिणी).—f A hundred trillions. An army consisting of foot, horse, chariots, and elephants.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Akshauhini in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Akṣauhiṇī (अक्षौहिणी).—[ūhaḥ samūhaḥ saṃvikalpajñānaṃ vā so'syāmasti ini, akṣāṇāṃ rathānāṃ sarveṣāmindriyāṇāṃ vā ūhinī; ṇatvaṃ vṛddhiśca P.VI I.89 Vārt.] A large army consisting of 2187 chariots, as many elephants, 6561 horse, and 1935 foot. अक्षौहिणी (akṣauhiṇī) = 1 अनीकिन्यः (anīkinyaḥ). अनीकिनी (anīkinī) = 3 चम्वः (camvaḥ). चमूः (camūḥ) = 3 पृतनाः (pṛtanāḥ). पृतना (pṛtanā) = 3 वाहिन्यः (vāhinyaḥ). वाहिनी (vāhinī) = 3 गणाः (gaṇāḥ). गण (gaṇa) = 3 गुल्माः (gulmāḥ). गुल्मः (gulmaḥ) = 3 सेनामुखानि (senāmukhāni). सेनामुखम् (senāmukham) = 3 पत्तयः (pattayaḥ). पत्तिः (pattiḥ) = 1 रथः (rathaḥ) + 1 हस्ती (hastī) + 3 अश्वाः (aśvāḥ) + 4 पदातयः (padātayaḥ). cf. एकेभैकरथा त्र्यश्वा पत्तिः पञ्चपदातिका । पत्त्यङ्गैस्त्रिगुणैः सर्वैः क्रमादाख्या यथोत्तरम् ॥ सेनामुखं गुल्मगणौ वाहिनी पृतना चमूः । अनीकिनी दशानीकिन्यक्षौहिणी (ekebhaikarathā tryaśvā pattiḥ pañcapadātikā | pattyaṅgaistriguṇaiḥ sarvaiḥ kramādākhyā yathottaram || senāmukhaṃ gulmagaṇau vāhinī pṛtanā camūḥ | anīkinī daśānīkinyakṣauhiṇī) ...... ()||

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akṣauhiṇī (अक्षौहिणी).—f. (-ṇī) A complete army, consisting of 1, 09, 350 foot, 65, 610 horses, 21, 870 chariots, and 21, 870 elephants. E. akṣa a carriage, ūhiṇī assemblage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akṣauhiṇī (अक्षौहिणी).—i. e. akṣa -ūh + in + ī, f. A complete army.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akṣauhiṇī (अक्षौहिणी).—[feminine] a (complete) army.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akṣauhiṇī (अक्षौहिणी):—f. an army consisting of ten anīkinīs, or 21870 elephants, 21870 chariots, 65610 horse, and 109350 foot. (Since an Anīkinī consists of 27 vāhinīs, and 27 is the cube of 3, akṣauhiṇī may be a compound of 2. akṣa and vāhinī; or it may possibly be connected with 1. akṣa, axle, car.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akṣauhiṇī (अक्षौहिणी):—[tatpurusha compound] f.

(-ṇī) A complete army, consisting of 10 anīkinī or 109,350 foot, 65,610 horse, 21,870 chariots, and 21,870 elephants. E. akṣa and ūhinī.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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