Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 7.122.3

महता शरवर्षेण पाण्डवं समवाकिरत् ।
द्रौणिश्चाभ्यद्रवत्पार्थं रथमास्थाय फल्गुनम् ॥ ३ ॥

mahatā śaravarṣeṇa pāṇḍavaṃ samavākirat |
drauṇiścābhyadravatpārthaṃ rathamāsthāya phalgunam || 3 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...like the rays of the sun covering the earth. Other arrows of fierce energy, sped (by Dhananjaya), quickly entered the hearts of (hostile) heroes, like dear friends. Indeed, those...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.122.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Mahat, Mahata, Sharavarsha, Pandava, Sama, Vac, Irat, Drauni, Abhi, Partha, Ratha, Asthaya, Phalguna,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 7.122.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “mahatā śaravarṣeṇa pāṇḍavaṃ samavākirat
  • mahatā -
  • mahat (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    mahat (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    mahatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • śaravarṣeṇa -
  • śaravarṣa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • pāṇḍavam -
  • pāṇḍava (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pāṇḍava (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • sama -
  • sama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sam (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • vāk -
  • vāc (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • irat -
  • ir -> irat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ir class 6 verb], [vocative single from √ir class 6 verb], [accusative single from √ir class 6 verb]
  • Line 2: “drauṇiścābhyadravatpārthaṃ rathamāsthāya phalgunam
  • drauṇiś -
  • drauṇi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • abhya -
  • abhi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    abhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhi (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • adravat -
  • dru (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • pārtham -
  • pārtha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pārtha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ratham -
  • ratha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • āsthāya -
  • āsthāya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • phalgunam -
  • phalguna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    phalguna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 7.122.3

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 7.122.3 in Kannada sript:
ಮಹತಾ ಶರವರ್ಷೇಣ ಪಾಣ್ಡವಂ ಸಮವಾಕಿರತ್ ।
ದ್ರೌಣಿಶ್ಚಾಭ್ಯದ್ರವತ್ಪಾರ್ಥಂ ರಥಮಾಸ್ಥಾಯ ಫಲ್ಗುನಮ್ ॥ ೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 7.122.3 in Bengali sript:
মহতা শরবর্ষেণ পাণ্ডবং সমবাকিরত্ ।
দ্রৌণিশ্চাভ্যদ্রবত্পার্থং রথমাস্থায ফল্গুনম্ ॥ ৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 7.122.3 in Gujarati sript:
મહતા શરવર્ષેણ પાણ્ડવં સમવાકિરત્ ।
દ્રૌણિશ્ચાભ્યદ્રવત્પાર્થં રથમાસ્થાય ફલ્ગુનમ્ ॥ ૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 7.122.3 in Malayalam sript:
മഹതാ ശരവര്ഷേണ പാണ്ഡവം സമവാകിരത് ।
ദ്രൌണിശ്ചാഭ്യദ്രവത്പാര്ഥം രഥമാസ്ഥായ ഫല്ഗുനമ് ॥ ൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 7.122.3 in Telugu sript:
మహతా శరవర్షేణ పాణ్డవం సమవాకిరత్ ।
ద్రౌణిశ్చాభ్యద్రవత్పార్థం రథమాస్థాయ ఫల్గునమ్ ॥ ౩ ॥

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