Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

dhṛtarāṣṭra uvāca |
tasminvinihate vīre saindhave savyasācinā |
māmakā yadakurvanta tanmamācakṣva saṃjaya || 1 ||
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saṃjaya uvāca |
saindhavaṃ nihataṃ dṛṣṭvā raṇe pārthena māriṣa |
amarṣavaśamāpannaḥ kṛpaḥ śāradvatastadā || 2 ||
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mahatā śaravarṣeṇa pāṇḍavaṃ samavākirat |
drauṇiścābhyadravatpārthaṃ rathamāsthāya phalgunam || 3 ||
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tāvenaṃ rathināṃ śreṣṭhau rathābhyāṃ rathasattamam |
ubhāvubhayatastīkṣṇairviśikhairabhyavarṣatām || 4 ||
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sa tathā śaravarṣābhyāṃ sumahadbhyāṃ mahābhujaḥ |
pīḍyamānaḥ parāmārtimagamadrathināṃ varaḥ || 5 ||
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so'jighāṃsurguruṃ saṃkhye gurostanayameva ca |
cakārācāryakaṃ tatra kuntīputro dhanaṃjayaḥ || 6 ||
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astrairastrāṇi saṃvārya drauṇeḥ śāradvatasya ca |
mandavegāniṣūṃstābhyāmajighāṃsuravāsṛjat || 7 ||
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te nātibhṛśamabhyaghnanviśikhā jayacoditāḥ |
bahutvāttu parāmārtiṃ śarāṇāṃ tāvagacchatām || 8 ||
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atha śāradvato rājankaunteyaśarapīḍitaḥ |
avāsīdadrathopasthe mūrcchāmabhijagāma ha || 9 ||
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vihvalaṃ tamabhijñāya bhartāraṃ śarapīḍitam |
hato'yamiti ca jñātvā sārathistamapāvahat || 10 ||
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tasminsanne mahārāja kṛpe śāradvate yudhi |
aśvatthāmāpyapāyāsītpāṇḍaveyādrathāntaram || 11 ||
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dṛṣṭvā śāradvataṃ pārtho mūrchitaṃ śarapīḍitam |
ratha eva maheṣvāsaḥ kṛpaṇaṃ paryadevayat || 12 ||
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paśyannidaṃ mahāprājñaḥ kṣattā rājānamuktavān |
kulāntakaraṇe pāpe jātamātre suyodhane || 13 ||
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nīyatāṃ paralokāya sādhvayaṃ kulapāṃsanaḥ |
asmāddhi kurumukhyānāṃ mahadutpatsyate bhayam || 14 ||
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tadidaṃ samanuprāptaṃ vacanaṃ satyavādinaḥ |
tatkṛte hyadya paśyāmi śaratalpagataṃ kṛpam || 15 ||
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dhigastu kṣātramācāraṃ dhigastu balapauruṣam |
ko hi brāhmaṇamācāryamabhidruhyeta mādṛśaḥ || 16 ||
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ṛṣiputro mamācāryo droṇasya dayitaḥ sakhā |
eṣa śete rathopasthe madbāṇairabhipīḍitaḥ || 17 ||
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akāmayānena mayā viśikhairardito bhṛśam |
avāsīdadrathopasthe prāṇānpīḍayatīva me || 18 ||
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śarārditena hi mayā prekṣaṇīyo mahādyutiḥ |
pratyasto bahubhirbāṇairdaśadharmagatena vai || 19 ||
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śocayatyeṣa nipatanbhūyaḥ putravadhāddhi mām |
kṛpaṇaṃ svarathe sannaṃ paśya kṛṣṇa yathā gatam || 20 ||
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upākṛtya tu vai vidyāmācāryebhyo nararṣabhāḥ |
prayacchantīha ye kāmāndevatvamupayānti te || 21 ||
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ye tu vidyāmupādāya gurubhyaḥ puruṣādhamāḥ |
ghnanti tāneva durvṛttāste vai nirayagāminaḥ || 22 ||
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tadidaṃ narakāyādya kṛtaṃ karma mayā dhruvam |
ācāryaṃ śaravarṣeṇa rathe sādayatā kṛpam || 23 ||
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yattatpūrvamupākurvannastraṃ māmabravītkṛpaḥ |
na kathaṃcana kauravya prahartavyaṃ gurāviti || 24 ||
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tadidaṃ vacanaṃ sādhorācāryasya mahātmanaḥ |
nānuṣṭhitaṃ tamevājau viśikhairabhivarṣatā || 25 ||
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namastasmai supūjyāya gautamāyāpalāyine |
dhigastu mama vārṣṇeya yo hyasmai praharāmyaham || 26 ||
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tathā vilapamāne tu savyasācini taṃ prati |
saindhavaṃ nihataṃ dṛṣṭvā rādheyaḥ samupādravat || 27 ||
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upāyāntaṃ tu rādheyaṃ dṛṣṭvā pārtho mahārathaḥ |
prahasandevakīputramidaṃ vacanamabravīt || 28 ||
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eṣa prayātyādhirathiḥ sātyakeḥ syandanaṃ prati |
na mṛṣyati hataṃ nūnaṃ bhūriśravasamāhave || 29 ||
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yatra yātyeṣa tatra tvaṃ codayāśvāñjanārdana |
mā somadatteḥ padavīṃ gamayetsātyakiṃ vṛṣaḥ || 30 ||
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evamukto mahābāhuḥ keśavaḥ savyasācinā |
pratyuvāca mahātejāḥ kālayuktamidaṃ vacaḥ || 31 ||
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alameṣa mahābāhuḥ karṇāyaiko hi pāṇḍava |
kiṃ punardraupadeyābhyāṃ sahitaḥ sātvatarṣabhaḥ || 32 ||
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na ca tāvatkṣamaḥ pārtha karṇena tava saṃgaraḥ |
prajvalantī maholkeva tiṣṭhatyasya hi vāsavī |
tvadarthaṃ pūjyamānaiṣā rakṣyate paravīrahan || 33 ||
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ataḥ karṇaḥ prayātvatra sātvatasya yathā tathā |
ahaṃ jñāsyāmi kauravya kālamasya durātmanaḥ || 34 ||
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dhṛtarāṣṭra uvāca |
yo'sau karṇena vīreṇa vārṣṇeyasya samāgamaḥ |
hate tu bhūriśravasi saindhave ca nipātite || 35 ||
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sātyakiścāpi virathaḥ kaṃ samārūḍhavānratham |
cakrarakṣau ca pāñcālyau tanmamācakṣva saṃjaya || 36 ||
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saṃjaya uvāca |
hanta te varṇayiṣyāmi yathāvṛttaṃ mahāraṇe |
śuśrūṣasva sthiro bhūtvā durācaritamātmanaḥ || 37 ||
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pūrvameva hi kṛṣṇasya manogatamidaṃ prabho |
vijetavyo yathā vīraḥ sātyakiryūpaketunā || 38 ||
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atītānāgataṃ rājansa hi vetti janārdanaḥ |
ataḥ sūtaṃ samāhūya dārukaṃ saṃdideśa ha |
ratho me yujyatāṃ kālyamiti rājanmahābalaḥ || 39 ||
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na hi devā na gandharvā na yakṣoragarākṣasāḥ |
mānavā vā vijetāraḥ kṛṣṇayoḥ santi kecana || 40 ||
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pitāmahapurogāśca devāḥ siddhāśca taṃ viduḥ |
tayoḥ prabhāvamatulaṃ śṛṇu yuddhaṃ ca tadyathā || 41 ||
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sātyakiṃ virathaṃ dṛṣṭvā karṇaṃ cābhyudyatāyudham |
dadhmau śaṅkhaṃ mahāvegamārṣabheṇātha mādhavaḥ || 42 ||
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dāruko'vetya saṃdeśaṃ śrutvā śaṅkhasya ca svanam |
rathamanvānayattasmai suparṇocchritaketanam || 43 ||
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sa keśavasyānumate rathaṃ dārukasaṃyutam |
āruroha śineḥ pautro jvalanādityasaṃnibham || 44 ||
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kāmagaiḥ sainyasugrīvameghapuṣpabalāhakaiḥ |
hayodagrairmahāvegairhemabhāṇḍavibhūṣitaiḥ || 45 ||
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yuktaṃ samāruhya ca taṃ vimānapratimaṃ ratham |
abhyadravata rādheyaṃ pravapansāyakānbahūn || 46 ||
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cakrarakṣāvapi tadā yudhāmanyūttamaujasau |
dhanaṃjayarathaṃ hitvā rādheyaṃ pratyudīyayuḥ || 47 ||
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rādheyo'pi mahārāja śaravarṣaṃ samutsṛjan |
abhyadravatsusaṃkruddho raṇe śaineyamacyutam || 48 ||
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naiva daivaṃ na gāndharvaṃ nāsuroragarākṣasam |
tādṛśaṃ bhuvi vā yuddhaṃ divi vā śrutamityuta || 49 ||
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upāramata tatsainyaṃ sarathāśvanaradvipam |
tayordṛṣṭvā mahārāja karma saṃmūḍhacetanam || 50 ||
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sarve ca samapaśyanta tadyuddhamatimānuṣam |
tayornṛvarayo rājansārathyaṃ dārukasya ca || 51 ||
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gatapratyāgatāvṛttairmaṇḍalaiḥ saṃnivartanaiḥ |
sārathestu rathasthasya kāśyapeyasya vismitāḥ || 52 ||
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nabhastalagatāścaiva devagandharvadānavāḥ |
atīvāvahitā draṣṭuṃ karṇaśaineyayo raṇam || 53 ||
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mitrārthe tau parākrāntau spardhinau śuṣmiṇau raṇe |
karṇaścāmarasaṃkāśo yuyudhānaśca sātyakiḥ || 54 ||
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anyonyaṃ tau mahārāja śaravarṣairavarṣatām |
pramamātha śineḥ pautraṃ karṇaḥ sāyakavṛṣṭibhiḥ || 55 ||
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amṛṣyamāṇo nidhanaṃ kauravyajalasaṃdhayoḥ |
karṇaḥ śokasamāviṣṭo mahoraga iva śvasan || 56 ||
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sa śaineyaṃ raṇe kruddhaḥ pradahanniva cakṣuṣā |
abhyadravata vegena punaḥ punarariṃdamaḥ || 57 ||
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taṃ tu saṃprekṣya saṃkruddhaṃ sātyakiḥ pratyavidhyata |
mahatā śaravarṣeṇa gajaḥ pratigajaṃ yathā || 58 ||
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tau sametya naravyāghrau vyāghrāviva tarasvinau |
anyonyaṃ saṃtatakṣāte raṇe'nupamavikramau || 59 ||
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tataḥ karṇaṃ śineḥ pautraḥ sarvapāraśavaiḥ śaraiḥ |
bibheda sarvagātreṣu punaḥ punarariṃdamaḥ || 60 ||
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sārathiṃ cāsya bhallena rathanīḍādapāharat |
aśvāṃśca caturaḥ śvetānnijaghne niśitaiḥ śaraiḥ || 61 ||
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chittvā dhvajaṃ śatenaiva śatadhā puruṣarṣabhaḥ |
cakāra virathaṃ karṇaṃ tava putrasya paśyataḥ || 62 ||
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tato vimanaso rājaṃstāvakāḥ puruṣarṣabhāḥ |
vṛṣasenaḥ karṇasutaḥ śalyo madrādhipastathā || 63 ||
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droṇaputraśca śaineyaṃ sarvataḥ paryavārayan |
tataḥ paryākulaṃ sarvaṃ na prājñāyata kiṃcana || 64 ||
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tathā sātyakinā vīre virathe sūtaje kṛte |
hāhākārastato rājansarvasainyeṣu cābhavat || 65 ||
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karṇo'pi vihvalo rājansātvatenārditaḥ śaraiḥ |
duryodhanarathaṃ rājannāruroha viniḥśvasan || 66 ||
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mānayaṃstava putrasya bālyātprabhṛti sauhṛdam |
kṛtāṃ rājyapradānena pratijñāṃ paripālayan || 67 ||
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tathā tu virathe karṇe putrānvai tava pārthiva |
duḥśāsanamukhāñśūrānnāvadhītsātyakirvaśī || 68 ||
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rakṣanpratijñāṃ ca punarbhīmasenakṛtāṃ purā |
virathānvihvalāṃścakre na tu prāṇairvyayojayat || 69 ||
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bhīmasenena tu vadhaḥ putrāṇāṃ te pratiśrutaḥ |
punardyūte ca pārthena vadhaḥ karṇasya saṃśrutaḥ || 70 ||
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vadhe tvakurvanyatnaṃ te tasya karṇamukhāstadā |
nāśaknuvaṃśca taṃ hantuṃ sātyakiṃ pravarā rathāḥ || 71 ||
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drauṇiśca kṛtavarmā ca tathaivānye mahārathāḥ |
nirjitā dhanuṣaikena śataśaḥ kṣatriyarṣabhāḥ |
kāṅkṣatā paralokaṃ ca dharmarājasya ca priyam || 72 ||
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kṛṣṇayoḥ sadṛśo vīrye sātyakiḥ śatrukarśanaḥ |
kṛṣṇo vāpi bhavelloke pārtho vāpi dhanurdharaḥ |
śaineyo vā naravyāghraścaturtho nopalabhyate || 73 ||
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dhṛtarāṣṭra uvāca |
ajayyaṃ rathamāsthāya vāsudevasya sātyakiḥ |
virathaṃ kṛtavānkarṇaṃ vāsudevasamo yuvā || 74 ||
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dārukeṇa samāyuktaṃ svabāhubaladarpitaḥ |
kaccidanyaṃ samārūḍhaḥ sa rathaṃ sātyakiḥ punaḥ || 75 ||
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etadicchāmyahaṃ śrotuṃ kuśalo hyasi bhāṣitum |
asahyaṃ tamahaṃ manye tanmamācakṣva saṃjaya || 76 ||
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saṃjaya uvāca |
śṛṇu rājanyathā tasya rathamanyaṃ mahāmatiḥ |
dārukasyānujastūrṇaṃ kalpanāvidhikalpitam || 77 ||
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āyasaiḥ kāñcanaiścāpi paṭṭairnaddhaṃ sakūbaram |
tārāsahasrakhacitaṃ siṃhadhvajapatākinam || 78 ||
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aśvairvātajavairyuktaṃ hemabhāṇḍaparicchadaiḥ |
pāṇḍurairindusaṃkāśaiḥ sarvaśabdātigairdṛḍhaiḥ || 79 ||
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citrakāñcanasaṃnāhairvājimukhyairviśāṃ pate |
ghaṇṭājālākularavaṃ śaktitomaravidyutam || 80 ||
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vṛtaṃ sāṃgrāmikairdravyairbahuśastraparicchadam |
rathaṃ saṃpādayāmāsa meghagambhīranisvanam || 81 ||
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taṃ samāruhya śaineyastava sainyamupādravat |
dāruko'pi yathākāmaṃ prayayau keśavāntikam || 82 ||
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karṇasyāpi mahārāja śaṅkhagokṣīrapāṇḍuraiḥ |
citrakāñcanasaṃnāhaiḥ sadaśvairvegavattaraiḥ || 83 ||
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hemakakṣyādhvajopetaṃ kḷptayantrapatākinam |
agryaṃ rathaṃ suyantāraṃ bahuśastraparicchadam || 84 ||
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upājahrustamāsthāya karṇo'pyabhyadravadripūn |
etatte sarvamākhyātaṃ yanmāṃ tvaṃ paripṛcchasi || 85 ||
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bhūyaścāpi nibodha tvaṃ tavāpanayajaṃ kṣayam |
ekatriṃśattava sutā bhīmasenena pātitāḥ || 86 ||
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durmukhaṃ pramukhe kṛtvā satataṃ citrayodhinam |
śataśo nihatāḥ śūrāḥ sātvatenārjunena ca || 87 ||
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bhīṣmaṃ pramukhataḥ kṛtvā bhagadattaṃ ca māriṣa |
evameṣa kṣayo vṛtto rājandurmantrite tava || 88 ||
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Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 122

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!
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