Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 7.99.12

ततस्ते पर्यवर्तन्त सर्वे द्रोणरथं प्रति ।
भयात्पतगराजस्य गर्तानीव महोरगाः ॥ १२ ॥

tataste paryavartanta sarve droṇarathaṃ prati |
bhayātpatagarājasya gartānīva mahoragāḥ || 12 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Kshatriyas dwelling on the mountains, all acquainted with the method of fighting with stones, rushed towards the grandson of Sini like ministers towards a king. Those denizens...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.99.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Yushmad, Pari, Sarva, Drona, Ratha, Prati, Bhayat, Bhaya, Patagaraja, Garta, Iva, Mahoraga,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 7.99.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tataste paryavartanta sarve droṇarathaṃ prati
  • tatas -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • parya -
  • pari (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    pari (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    pari (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pari (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pari (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    parī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    parī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    parī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    pari (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • avartanta -
  • vṛt (verb class 1)
    [imperfect middle third plural]
  • sarve -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [locative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sarvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • droṇa -
  • droṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    droṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ratham -
  • ratha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • prati -
  • prati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    prati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pratī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    prati (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • Line 2: “bhayātpatagarājasya gartānīva mahoragāḥ
  • bhayāt -
  • bhayāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bhaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    bhaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • patagarājasya -
  • patagarāja (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • gartānī -
  • garta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • mahoragāḥ -
  • mahoraga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 7.99.12

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 7.99.12 in Kannada sript:
ತತಸ್ತೇ ಪರ್ಯವರ್ತನ್ತ ಸರ್ವೇ ದ್ರೋಣರಥಂ ಪ್ರತಿ ।
ಭಯಾತ್ಪತಗರಾಜಸ್ಯ ಗರ್ತಾನೀವ ಮಹೋರಗಾಃ ॥ ೧೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 7.99.12 in Bengali sript:
ততস্তে পর্যবর্তন্ত সর্বে দ্রোণরথং প্রতি ।
ভযাত্পতগরাজস্য গর্তানীব মহোরগাঃ ॥ ১২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 7.99.12 in Gujarati sript:
તતસ્તે પર્યવર્તન્ત સર્વે દ્રોણરથં પ્રતિ ।
ભયાત્પતગરાજસ્ય ગર્તાનીવ મહોરગાઃ ॥ ૧૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 7.99.12 in Malayalam sript:
തതസ്തേ പര്യവര്തന്ത സര്വേ ദ്രോണരഥം പ്രതി ।
ഭയാത്പതഗരാജസ്യ ഗര്താനീവ മഹോരഗാഃ ॥ ൧൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 7.99.12 in Telugu sript:
తతస్తే పర్యవర్తన్త సర్వే ద్రోణరథం ప్రతి ।
భయాత్పతగరాజస్య గర్తానీవ మహోరగాః ॥ ౧౨ ॥

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