Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

Verse 3.132

यो येन प्रतिबद्धः स्यात् सह तेनोदयी व्ययी ।
स विश्वस्तो नियोक्तव्यः प्राणेषु च धनेषु च ॥ १३२ ॥

yo yena pratibaddhaḥ syāt saha tenodayī vyayī |
sa viśvasto niyoktavyaḥ prāṇeṣu ca dhaneṣu ca || 132 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 3.132 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.132). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yah, Yena, Yat, Pratibaddha, Syat, Sya, Saha, Tad, Tena, Udayin, Udayi, Vyayin, Vishvasta, Niyoktavya, Prana, Dhana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 3.132). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yo yena pratibaddhaḥ syāt saha tenodayī vyayī
  • yo* -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yena -
  • yena (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • pratibaddhaḥ -
  • pratibaddha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • syāt -
  • syāt (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    syāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [optative active third single]
  • saha -
  • saha (indeclinable postposition)
    [indeclinable postposition]
    saha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sah (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • teno -
  • tena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    tan (verb class 8)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • udayī -
  • udayī (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    udayī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    udayin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vyayī -
  • vyayin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “sa viśvasto niyoktavyaḥ prāṇeṣu ca dhaneṣu ca
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • viśvasto* -
  • viśvasta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • niyoktavyaḥ -
  • niyoktavya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • prāṇeṣu -
  • prāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    prāṇa (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dhaneṣu -
  • dhana (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    dhana (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 3.132

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.132 in Gujarati sript:
યો યેન પ્રતિબદ્ધઃ સ્યાત્ સહ તેનોદયી વ્યયી ।
સ વિશ્વસ્તો નિયોક્તવ્યઃ પ્રાણેષુ ચ ધનેષુ ચ ॥ ૧૩૨ ॥

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