Pratibaddha: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Pratibaddha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Pratibaddha in Mahayana glossary
Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Pratibaddha (प्रतिबद्ध) refers to a “hindrance”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “What then, son of good family, is the recollection of gods (devānusmṛti), which is authorized by the Lord for Bodhisattvas? It is the recollection of two assemblies of gods. What are these two? The gods of the Pure Abode, and the Bodhisattvas hindered by only one birth (ekajāti-pratibaddha-bodhisattva), who dwell in the Tuṣita Heaven. In that the Bodhisattva recollects the gods of the Pure Abode. Further, the Bodhisattvas who are hindered by only one birth, and who dwell in the Tuṣita Heaven recollect ten qualities as the summit. What are those ten qualities?”

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Pratibaddha in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Pratibaddha (प्रतिबद्ध) refers to “(being) subject (to wrong faith)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Having assented to your own births in the forest of life, the pain you have been suffering previously for a long time by roaming about on the path of bad conduct subject to wrong faith (mithyātva-pratibaddha) is [like] an external fire. Now, having entered the self which is cherishing the end of all restlessness, wise, solitary, supreme [and] self-abiding, may you behold the beautiful face of liberation. [Thus ends the reflection on] difference [between the body and the self]”.

Synonyms: Yukta, Yuta.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pratibaddha.—(IA 15), generally used in the sense of ‘attached to’ or ‘belonging to’ in respect of a village pertaining to a terri- torial unit; sometimes used in the sense of ‘hailing from’ or ‘one whose family hails from’ (cf. vinirgata generally used in the same sense). Note: pratibaddha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratibaddha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pratibaddha (प्रतिबद्ध).—p S Obstructed, impeded, precluded, prevented.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pratibaddha (प्रतिबद्ध).—p Obstructed, prevented.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratibaddha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratibaddha (प्रतिबद्ध).—p. p.

1) Bound, fastened to; वनाय पीतप्रतिबद्धवत्सां यशोधनो धेनुमृषेर्मुमोच (vanāya pītapratibaddhavatsāṃ yaśodhano dhenumṛṣermumoca) R.2.1.

2) Connected with, harmonizing with; रसान्तरेषु प्रतिबद्धरागम् (rasāntareṣu pratibaddharāgam) Kumārasambhava 7.91.

3) Hindered, obstructed, impeded.

4) Set, inlaid; यस्याः पुरा परिचयप्रतिबद्धबीजम् (yasyāḥ purā paricayapratibaddhabījam) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.21.

5) Furnished with, possessing.

6) Entangled, involved.

7) Kept at a distance.

8) Disappointed.

9) Fixed, directed.

1) Attached or hanging to.

11) Excluded, out off.

12) (In phil.) Invariably and inseparably connected and implied (as fire in smoke).

13) Wreathed (as a garland); सखि एकपार्श्वविषमप्रतिबद्धा खल्वेषा रचना (sakhi ekapārśvaviṣamapratibaddhā khalveṣā racanā) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratibaddha (प्रतिबद्ध).—mfn.

(-ddhaḥ-ddhā-ddhaṃ) 1. Disappointed, thwarted, crossed, vexed. 2. Obstructed, opposed, kept at a distance, prevented. 3. Set, inlaid, 4. Bound, tied. 5. Connected with, furnished with, entangled. 6. Inseparably connected, (In phil.) E. prati against, and baddha bound,

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratibaddha (प्रतिबद्ध).—[adjective] tied to, plaited, twisted, connected with, dependent on (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratibaddha (प्रतिबद्ध):—[=prati-baddha] [from prati-bandh] mfn. tied or bound to, fastened, fixed, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra; Raghuvaṃśa; Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] twisted, wreathed (as a garland), [Mālatīmādhava ii, 0/1]

3) [v.s. ...] dependent on, subject to ([compound]), [Kādambarī; Śaṃkarācārya]

4) [v.s. ...] attached to, joined or connected or provided with ([instrumental case]), [Kapila; Mahābhārata; Hitopadeśa]

5) [v.s. ...] harmonizing with, ([locative case]), [Kumāra-sambhava]

6) [v.s. ...] fixed, directed (upari, or [compound]), [Śaṃkarācārya; Pañcatantra]

7) [v.s. ...] hindered, excluded, cut off, [Mallinātha]

8) [v.s. ...] kept at a distance, [Mahābhārata]

9) [v.s. ...] entangled, complicated, [Varāha-mihira]

10) [v.s. ...] disappointed, thwarted, crossed, vexed, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] (in [philosophy]) that which is always connected or implied (as fire in smoke), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratibaddha (प्रतिबद्ध):—[prati-baddha] (ddhaḥ-ddhā-ddhaṃ) a. Disappointed; obstructed; inlaid; bound to.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pratibaddha (प्रतिबद्ध) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paḍibaddha.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratibaddha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pratibaddha (ಪ್ರತಿಬದ್ಧ):—

1) [adjective] fastened; attached (with).

2) [adjective] associated, related or connected (with).

--- OR ---

Pratibaddha (ಪ್ರತಿಬದ್ಧ):—

1) [noun] that which is fastened, attached to.

2) [noun] an associated, related thing.

3) [noun] a being obstructed, hindered.

4) [noun] a thing that is seized, taken into custody or captured.

5) [noun] a thing (as a decorative piece) that is inlaid into a surface (as of an ornament, furniture, etc.).

6) [noun] a disappointed, frustrted man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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