Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

Verse 3.22

खलः करोति दुर्वृत्तं नूनं फलति साधुषु ।
दशाननो ऽहरत् सीतां बन्धनं स्यान् महोदधेः ॥ २२ ॥

khalaḥ karoti durvṛttaṃ nūnaṃ phalati sādhuṣu |
daśānano 'harat sītāṃ bandhanaṃ syān mahodadheḥ || 22 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 3.22 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.22). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Khala, Karoti, Durvritta, Nunam, Phalat, Sadhu, Dashanana, Sita, Bandhana, Syat, Sya, Mahodadhi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 3.22). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “khalaḥ karoti durvṛttaṃ nūnaṃ phalati sādhuṣu
  • khalaḥ -
  • khala (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • karoti -
  • karoti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    karoti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    karoti (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [present active third single]
  • durvṛttam -
  • durvṛtta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    durvṛtta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    durvṛttā (noun, feminine)
  • nūnam -
  • nūnam (indeclinable)
  • phalati -
  • phal -> phalat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √phal class 1 verb]
    phal -> phalat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √phal class 1 verb]
    phal (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • sādhuṣu -
  • sādhu (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    sādhu (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • Line 2: “daśānano 'harat sītāṃ bandhanaṃ syān mahodadheḥ
  • daśānano' -
  • daśānana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • aharat -
  • hṛ (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • sītām -
  • sītā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    sai -> sītā (participle, feminine)
    [accusative single from √sai class 1 verb]
  • bandhanam -
  • bandhana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bandhana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • syān -
  • syāt (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    syāt (indeclinable)
    sya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [optative active third single]
  • mahodadheḥ -
  • mahodadhi (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 3.22

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.22 in Gujarati sript:
ખલઃ કરોતિ દુર્વૃત્તં નૂનં ફલતિ સાધુષુ ।
દશાનનો ઽહરત્ સીતાં બન્ધનં સ્યાન્ મહોદધેઃ ॥ ૨૨ ॥

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