Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

Verse 0.27

आयुः कर्म च वित्तं च विद्या निधनम् एव च ।
पञ्चैतानि हि सृज्यन्ते गर्भस्थस्यैव देहिनः ॥ २७ ॥

āyuḥ karma ca vittaṃ ca vidyā nidhanam eva ca |
pañcaitāni hi sṛjyante garbhasthasyaiva dehinaḥ || 27 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 0.27 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (0.27). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ayu, Ayus, Karman, Vitta, Vidya, Nidhana, Eva, Panca, Eta, Etad, Garbhastha, Dehin,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 0.27). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “āyuḥ karma ca vittaṃ ca vidyā nidhanam eva ca”
  • āyuḥ -
  • āyus (noun, masculine); (4 der.)
    (compound)
    āyuḥ (adverb)
    āyuḥ (nominative single)
    āyuḥ (vocative single)
    āyus (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    āyuḥ (adverb)
    āyuḥ (nominative single)
    āyuḥ (vocative single)
    āyuḥ (accusative single)
    āyu (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    āyuḥ (nominative single)
    āyu (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    āyuḥ (nominative single)
  • karma -
  • karman (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    karma (compound)
    karma (adverb)
    karma (nominative single)
    karma (vocative single)
    karma (accusative single)
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
  • vittam -
  • vitta (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    vittam (adverb)
    vittam (accusative single)
    vitta (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    vittam (adverb)
    vittam (nominative single)
    vittam (accusative single)
    vittā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    vittam (adverb)
    vid -> vitta (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    vittam (accusative single), from √vid (class 6 verb)
    vid -> vitta (participle, neuter); (2 der.)
    vittam (nominative single), from √vid (class 6 verb)
    vittam (accusative single), from √vid (class 6 verb)
    vid -> vitta (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    vittam (accusative single), from √vid (class 7 verb)
    vid -> vitta (participle, neuter); (2 der.)
    vittam (nominative single), from √vid (class 7 verb)
    vittam (accusative single), from √vid (class 7 verb)
    vid (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    vittam (imperative active second dual)
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
  • vidyā* -
  • vidyā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    vidyāḥ (nominative plural)
    vidyāḥ (vocative plural)
    vidyāḥ (accusative plural)
    vid (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    vidyāḥ (optative active second single)
  • nidhanam -
  • nidhana (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    nidhanam (adverb)
    nidhanam (accusative single)
    nidhana (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    nidhanam (adverb)
    nidhanam (nominative single)
    nidhanam (accusative single)
    nidhanā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    nidhanam (adverb)
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    eva (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
    eva (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
  • Line2: “pañcaitāni hi sṛjyante garbhasthasyaiva dehinaḥ”
  • pañcai -
  • pañca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    pañca (vocative single)
    pañca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    pañca (vocative single)
    pañcā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    pañcā (nominative single)
    pañc (verb class 1); (2 der.)
    pañca (imperative active second single)
    pañcai (imperative middle first single)
  • etāni -
  • eta (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    etāni (nominative plural)
    etāni (vocative plural)
    etāni (accusative plural)
    etad (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    etāni (nominative plural)
    etāni (accusative plural)
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
  • sṛjyante -
  • sṛj (verb class 6); (1 der.)
    sṛjyante (present passive third plural)
  • garbhasthasyai -
  • garbhastha (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    garbhasthasya (genitive single)
    garbhastha (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    garbhasthasya (genitive single)
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    aiva (imperfect active first dual)
  • dehinaḥ -
  • dehin (noun, masculine); (5 der.)
    dehinaḥ (nominative plural)
    dehinaḥ (vocative plural)
    dehinaḥ (accusative plural)
    dehinaḥ (ablative single)
    dehinaḥ (genitive single)
    dehin (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    dehinaḥ (ablative single)
    dehinaḥ (genitive single)

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 0.27

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 0.27 in Gujarati sript:
આયુઃ કર્મ ચ વિત્તં ચ વિદ્યા નિધનમ્ એવ ચ ।
પઞ્ચૈતાનિ હિ સૃજ્યન્તે ગર્ભસ્થસ્યૈવ દેહિનઃ ॥ ૨૭ ॥

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