Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

Verse 0.28

अवश्यं भाविनो भावा भवन्ति महताम् अपि ।
नग्नत्वं नीलकण्ठस्य महाहि-शयनं हरेः ॥ २८ ॥

avaśyaṃ bhāvino bhāvā bhavanti mahatām api |
nagnatvaṃ nīlakaṇṭhasya mahāhi-śayanaṃ hareḥ || 28 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 0.28 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (0.28). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Avashyam, Bhavin, Bhavina, Bhavi, Bhava, Bhavanti, Bhavat, Bhavant, Mahat, Mahata, Api, Nagnatva, Nilakantha, Shayana, Hari,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 0.28). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “avaśyaṃ bhāvino bhāvā bhavanti mahatām api
  • avaśyam -
  • avaśyam (indeclinable)
    avaśyā (noun, feminine)
  • bhāvino* -
  • bhāvin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhāvin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhāvina (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    bhāvī (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • bhāvā* -
  • bhāva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • bhavanti -
  • bhavanti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bhavantī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    bhavat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    bhavant (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • mahatām -
  • mahat (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    mahat (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    mahatā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    mah (verb class 1)
    [imperative active third dual]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    api (Preverb)
  • Line 2: “nagnatvaṃ nīlakaṇṭhasya mahāhi-śayanaṃ hareḥ
  • nagnatvam -
  • nagnatva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • nīlakaṇṭhasya -
  • nīlakaṇṭha (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    nīlakaṇṭha (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • mahāhi -
  • mahāhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • śayanam -
  • śayana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śayana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śayanā (noun, feminine)
  • hareḥ -
  • hari (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    hari (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    hṛ (verb class 1)
    [optative active second single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 0.28

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 0.28 in Gujarati sript:
અવશ્યં ભાવિનો ભાવા ભવન્તિ મહતામ્ અપિ ।
નગ્નત્વં નીલકણ્ઠસ્ય મહાહિ-શયનં હરેઃ ॥ ૨૮ ॥

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