Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 2.25

मय्यनन्तमहाम्भोधावाश्चर्यं जीववीचयः ।
उद्यन्ति घ्नन्ति खेलन्ति प्रविशन्ति स्वभावतः ॥ २५ ॥

mayyanantamahāmbhodhāvāścaryaṃ jīvavīcayaḥ |
udyanti ghnanti khelanti praviśanti svabhāvataḥ || 25 ||

How wonderful it is that in the limitless ocean of myself the waves of living beings arise, collide, play and disappear, according to their natures.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.25). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Mayi, Asmad, Ananta, Bha, Bhu, Dhava, Carya, Jiva, Jivan, Vici, Udyat, Ghnat, Khelat, Khelanti, Pravishat, Pravishanti, Svabhavatah, Svabhavata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 2.25). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “mayyanantamahāmbhodhāvāścaryaṃ jīvavīcayaḥ
  • mayya -
  • mayī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    may -> mayya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √may]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [locative single]
  • anantam -
  • ananta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ananta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    anantā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ahām -
  • (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active first single], [aorist active first single]
    (verb class 3)
    [aorist active first single]
  • bho -
  • bha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    bhā (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhu (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    bhu (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • dhāvāś -
  • dhāva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    dhāvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • caryam -
  • carya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    carya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    caryā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • jīva -
  • jīva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jīva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jīvan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    jīvan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jīv (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • vīcayaḥ -
  • vīci (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 2: “udyanti ghnanti khelanti praviśanti svabhāvataḥ
  • udyanti -
  • udyat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ghnanti -
  • ghnat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    han -> ghnat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √han class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √han class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √han class 2 verb]
    han (verb class 2)
    [present active third plural]
  • khelanti -
  • khel -> khelat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √khel class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √khel class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √khel class 1 verb]
    khel -> khelantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √khel class 1 verb]
    khel (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • praviśanti -
  • praviśantī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    praviśantī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    praviśantī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    praviśat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • svabhāvataḥ -
  • svabhāvataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    svabhāvata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 2.25

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

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Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

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