Svabhavata, Svabhāvata: 5 definitions


Svabhavata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Svabhavata in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Svabhāvata (स्वभावत) or Svabhāva refers to the classification of medicinal drugs (auṣadhi) and substances (dravy) according to “natural properties” (or the state of a thing as such), as defined in the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “these seven [eg., Svabhāvata] are the everlasting sources of the names i.e. names spoken in different regions or countries such as Kāśmīraja, Kāmbojī, Magadhodbhavā or Vālhikā”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Svabhavata in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Svabhāvata (स्वभावत) refers to “one’s own true nature”, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as the God (i.e., Bhairava) said to the Goddess (i.e., Khageśī), “O goddess, have compassion on me. I am Bhairava who has come before (you). O lord (prabhu), impart the Kula liturgy of the Command (ājñā) (to me)—burst apart the Liṅga! Reveal yourself according to your own true nature (svabhāvata) as the greatly sacred Ocean of the Yoni. Accomplishment (siddhi) has come forth from there.”.

2) Svabhāvata (स्वभावत) refers to “one who has arisen spontaneously”, representing an aspect of Śivā, according to the Devīpañcaśataka, an important source of the Kālīkrama that developed in Kashmir after the Kālī Mata of the Jayadrathayāmala.—Accordingly, “The Great God—Mahādeva—is beyond Śakti, supreme bliss, [...] O Supreme Lord! By his awakening, that supreme Kālikā has spontaneously arisen (svecchayā), the one supreme power endowed with those same attributes. She is subtle, supreme, tranquil, and delighted by supreme bliss. Śivā has arisen spontaneously (svabhāvata); stainless, she is (all that is) knowable. She is the Supreme Goddess who, by her own will, is (both) the Transmental (‘Without Mind’) and With Mind”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Svabhavata in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Svabhāvata (स्वभावत) refers to “one’s own nature”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.9.—Accordingly, as Menā said to Himācala (Himavat):—“As but is natural to women [i.e., nārī-svabhāvata], the words of the sage have not been understood by me well. (I think it is better) that you perform the marriage of our daughter with a handsome bridegroom. Let the bridegroom of Pārvatī be born of a good family endowed with good characteristic signs. In every respect that marriage will yield an unprecedented happiness. Obeisance to you. Do everything necessary to make our daughter, as beloved to us as our own lives, very happy and delighted after being united with a good bridegroom”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Svabhavata in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svabhāvata: (स्वभावत:).—ad Naturally.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Svabhavata in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svabhāvatā (स्वभावता):—[=sva-bhāva-tā] [from sva-bhāva > sva] f. ([Jātakamālā]) the state of innate disposition or nature

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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