Yashti, Yaṣṭi, Yaṣṭī: 19 definitions



Yashti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Yaṣṭi and Yaṣṭī can be transliterated into English as Yasti or Yashti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Yaṣṭi (यष्टि) refers to “The flag-staff of a village”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 9.285)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Yaṣṭi (यष्टि).—Staves and cudgels, used by the barbarians against the enemies;1 used by the Ābhiras against Arjuna.2

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 38. 17.
  • 2) Ib. V. 38. 52.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Yaṣṭī (यष्टी) refers to the medicinal plant Glycyrrhiza glabra L., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the Ayurvedic Formulary of India (as well as the Pharmacopoeia).—Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Yaṣṭī] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

The plant plant Glycyrrhiza glabra L. (Yaṣṭī) is known as Madhuyaṣṭī according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Yaṣṭī (यष्टी) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Glycyrrhiza glabra Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning yaṣṭī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Yaṣṭi (यष्टि) refers to “main element of dhvajadaṇḍa § 5.12.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Yāṣṭi (याष्टि) refers to one of the various Grahas and Mahāgrahas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Yāṣṭi).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Yaṣṭi.—(EI 33; CII 4; ML), a memorial pillar; a relic pillar raised in memory of the dead. Cf. jaṣṭi (EI 19), a land measure. Cf. laṣṭi (EI 16), a memorial pillar. Cf. śilā-yaṣṭi (LL), a stone pillar. Note: yaṣṭi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yaṣṭi (यष्टि) [or यष्टिका, yaṣṭikā].—f S A stick.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

yaṣṭi (यष्टि).—f A stick.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yaṣṭi (यष्टि) or Yaṣṭī (यष्टी).—f. [yaj-ktin ni° na saṃprasāraṇam]

1) A stick, staff.

2) A cudgel, mace, club.

3) A column, pillar, pole; संक्रमध्वजयष्टीनां प्रतिमानां च भेदकः (saṃkramadhvajayaṣṭīnāṃ pratimānāṃ ca bhedakaḥ) Ms.9.285.

4) A perch, as in वासयष्टि (vāsayaṣṭi).

5) A stem, support.

6) A flagstaff; as in ध्वजयष्टि (dhvajayaṣṭi).

7) A stalk, stem.

5) A branch, twig; कदम्बयष्टिः स्फुटकोरकेव (kadambayaṣṭiḥ sphuṭakorakeva) U.3.42; so चूतयष्टिः (cūtayaṣṭiḥ) Ku.6.2; सालस्य यष्टिः (sālasya yaṣṭiḥ) Rām.2.2.32; सहकारयष्टिः (sahakārayaṣṭiḥ) &c.

9) A string, thread (as of pearls), a necklace विमुच्य सा हारमहार्य- निश्चया विलोलयष्टिप्रविलुप्तचन्दनम् (vimucya sā hāramahārya- niścayā vilolayaṣṭipraviluptacandanam) Ku.5.8; क्वचित् प्रभालेपिभिरिन्द्र- नीलैः मुक्तामयी यष्टिरिवानुविद्धा (kvacit prabhālepibhirindra- nīlaiḥ muktāmayī yaṣṭirivānuviddhā) R.13.54.

1) Any creeping plant.

11) Anything thin, slim, or slender (at the end of comp. after words meaning 'the body'); तं वीक्ष्य वेपथुमती सरसाङ्गयष्टिः (taṃ vīkṣya vepathumatī sarasāṅgayaṣṭiḥ) Ku.5.85 'with her slender or delicate frame perspiring'.

12) A reed.

13) The arm.

14) Liquorice.

15) Sugar-cane.

Derivable forms: yaṣṭiḥ (यष्टिः).

--- OR ---

Yaṣṭī (यष्टी).—See यष्टि (yaṣṭi).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yaṣṭi (यष्टि).—mf. (-ṣṭiḥ-ṣṭiḥ or ṣṭī) 1. A staff, a stick. 2. A staff armed with iron, &c. used as a weapon, a club, a mace. 3. A necklace. 4. Any creeping plant. 5. Liquorice. 6. A shrub, (Siphonanthus Indica.) 7. A string, a thread, especially as strung with pearls, &c. 8. A thread in general. m.

(-ṣṭiḥ) 1. A flag-staff. 2. The arm, and forearm. 3. A pillar. 4. A support. 5. A stalk. 6. A branch. E. yakṣa to worship, aff. ktin; the ka of the compound final rejected; Vachaspatya defines it thus:—yaj ktin ni0 na samprasāraṇam . This word implies “thinness” “slenderness” &c. when used at the end of compounds.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yaṣṭi (यष्टि).—I. m. and f. (and yaṣṭī yaṣṭī, f.), 1. A staff, a stick, [Pañcatantra] 105, 19; 261, 12; [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 39; a perch, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 43; a stem, [distich] 44; support, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 5, 89. 2. A palisade, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 285. 3. A club, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 187, 4. 4. A string, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 51. 5. A necklace. 6. Any creeping plant, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 81, 5. 7. Liquorice. 8. A shrub, Siponanthus indica. Ii. m. 1. A flagstaff. 2. The arm and forearm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yaṣṭi (यष्टि).—[feminine] staff, stick, stalk (often to compare an arm or a slender body with); string of pearls, necklace.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yaṣṭi (यष्टि):—[from yaj] 1. yaṣṭi f. (for 2. See p. 848, col. 3) sacrificing, [Pāṇini 3-3, 110 [Scholiast or Commentator]] ([probably] [wrong reading] for iṣṭi).

2) 2. yaṣṭi n. (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) or f. (also yaṣṭī cf. [gana] bahv-ādi; [probably] [from] √yach = yam; for 1. yaṣṭi See p. 840, col. 3) ‘any support’, a staff, stick, wand, rod, mace, club, cudgel

3) pole, pillar, perch, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

4) a flag-staff (See dhvaja-y)

5) a stalk, stem, branch, twig, [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature]

6) (ifc.) anything thin or slender (See aṅga-, bhuja-y), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

7) the blade of a sword (See asi-y)

8) a thread, string ([especially] of pearls; cf. maṇi-, hāra-y), [Kālidāsa]

9) a [particular] kind of pearl necklace, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

10) liquorice, [Suśruta]

11) sugar-cane, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) Clerodendrum Siphonantus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) any creeping plant, [Horace H. Wilson]

14) Yaṣṭī (यष्टी):—[from yaṣṭi] f. = yaṣṭi. Also in [compound] for yaṣṭi.

15) Yāṣṭi (याष्टि):—f. ([from] [Causal] of √1. yaj) assistance at a sacrifice, [Pāṇini 1-1, 58], [vArttika] 7, [Patañjali]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yaṣṭi (यष्टि):—[(ṣṭiḥ-ṣṭi-ṣṭī)] 2. m. f. A staff, a club; a necklace; the arm; a creeper; a string; liquorice.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Yaṣṭi (यष्टि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Jaiya, Jaṭṭhi, Laṭṭhi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Yashti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Yaṣṭi (यष्टि):—(nf) a stick; rod.

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