Yautaka; 3 Definition(s)
Yautaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Yautaka (यौतक) is a Sanskrit technical term referring a “property derived from the father’s family”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 9.131)(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Yautaka (यौतक):—The term yautaka is applied to the separate property of a woman; of which she alone is the sole owner. Others apply it to only what she receives at marriage, and not to all that belongs to her; it is only over the former that she has an absolute right; as it is said that “women become their own mistresses, on obtaining presents at their marriage.” Others again hold that the term ‘yautaka’ applies to the savings that the young woman makes out of what she receives from her husband for her clothing and ornaments, and also for the daily household expenses.
According to Vivādaratnākara (p. 517), yautakam here stands for what has been given to the girl at the time of her marriage, by her father and other relatives. Halāyudha however holds that it stands for what has been given to the woman for such household purposes as the purchase of vegetables and other things, out of which, by her clever management, she may have saved and increased by judicious handling.
According to Parāśaramādhava (Vyavahāra, p. 372) yautakam is explained as “property obtained from the father’s family”.
According to Aparārka (p. 721), yautakam is explained as “property obtained from the father’s family” to the effect that when the mother’s property comes to be divided among her daughters, the unmarried ones have the preference over the married ones.
According to Smṛtitattva II (p. 186), the term yautaka is derived from the root ‘yu’ (to join), and hence signifying junction, or union, it stands for ‘what is given at marriage’.
According to Jīmūtavāhana (Dāyabhāga, p. 132), yautakam stands for the dowry obtained at marriage,—this being indicated by the root ‘yu’ (to join) from which the word is derived,—marriage being the ‘joining’ of the husband and wife.
(Also see the Manubhāṣya, verse 9.131)(Source): Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Languages of India and abroad
Yautaka (यौतक).—a. (-kī f.) [युते विवाहकाले अधिगतं वुण् (yute vivāhakāle adhigataṃ vuṇ)] Forming the rightful or exclusive property of any one, rightfully belonging to any one; विभागभावना ज्ञेया ग्रह- क्षेत्रैश्च यौतकैः (vibhāgabhāvanā jñeyā graha- kṣetraiśca yautakaiḥ) Y.2.149.
-kam 1 Private property in general; मातुश्च यौतकं यत् स्यात् कुमारीभाग एव सः (mātuśca yautakaṃ yat syāt kumārībhāga eva saḥ) Mb.13.45.12.
2) A woman's dowry, a woman's private property (given to her at marriage); मातुस्तु यौतकं यत् स्यात् कुमारीमभाग एव सः (mātustu yautakaṃ yat syāt kumārīmabhāga eva saḥ) Ms.9.131, यु मिश्रणे इति धात्वनुसाराद् विवाहकाले एकासनोप- विष्टयोर्वधूवरयोर्यद् बन्धुभिर्दीयते तत् युतयोरिदं यौतकमिति व्युत्पत्त्या यौतकमित्युच्यते (yu miśraṇe iti dhātvanusārād vivāhakāle ekāsanopa- viṣṭayorvadhūvarayoryad bandhubhirdīyate tat yutayoridaṃ yautakamiti vyutpattyā yautakamityucyate) | Vīramitrodaya; also यौतुक (yautuka) in this sense.(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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