Vyanga, aka: Vyaṅga; 8 Definition(s)


Vyanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Vyaṅga (व्यङ्ग) refers to a skin ailment marked by facial blotches. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The literal translation of Vyaṅga is “limbless” or “deformed” but in a different context it can refer to a crippled person or a kind of cat’s eye (precious stone).

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

The Vāyu being aggravated through wrath and overfatiguing physical exercise, and surcharged with Pittam, and suddenly appearing on the face of a person, causes thin, circular, painless and brown-coloured patches or stains. They are known by the name of Vyanga.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume II

Vyanga is one of the Kshudraroga, characterized by the presence of Niruja (painless) and Shavavarna Mandalas (bluish-black patches) on face. It is one of the most common diseases as regards the face is concerned. On the basis of clinical features, it can be compared with facial melanosis, one of the hyper pigmented disorders. Drugs with Rakta Prasadaka, Twak Prasadaka and Varnyakara properties are helpful in the management of Vyanga, that pacifies aggregated Doshas and help in Raktashodhana (blood purification).

Vyanga is a disease, which decreases the glowing complexion of the face and affects the skin. Among many diseases concerned with cosmetic values, Vyanga is common disease known to us from thousands of years. Though it is considered as Kshudra Roga (minor disease), has got a major importance as a cosmetic problem in the society. It is characterized by the presence of Niruja (painless), Tanu (thin) and Shavavarna Mandalas (bluish-black patches) on face, occurs due to vitiation of Vata, Pitta followed by Rakta Dosha.

Source: PMC: Management of Vyanga (facial melanosis)
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Vyaṅga (व्यङ्ग) refers to “one who is deformed”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not be stupid, have a fat lip, be one who spits, or have an indistinct voice, nor have a tumor, nor be a charmer nor be deformed (vyaṅga), proud or deaf. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., vyaṅga), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., vyaṅga) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra
Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

vyaṅga (व्यंग).—a S (vi & aṅga) vyaṅgita a Deformed or defective (in some limb, member, or organ); of whom some limb &c. is impaired, imperfect, or wanting. 2 fig. Incomplete, deficient, unentire--an article in general.

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vyaṅga (व्यंग).—n S Deformedness or defectiveness, incompleteness, imperfection: also a defective or feeble particular; a weak point. 2 A mole on the skin.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vyaṅga (व्यंग).—a Deformed. Fig. Deficient. n De- formedness.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyaṅga (व्यङ्ग).—a. [vigatamaṅgaṃ yasya]

1) Bodiless.

2) Wanting a limb, deformed, mutilated, maimed, crippled.

3) Illarranged.

4) Lame.

5) Having no wheels.

-ṅgaḥ 1 A cripple.

2) A frog.

3) Dark spots on the cheek; क्रोधायासप्रकुपितो वायुः पित्तेन संयुतः । मुखमागत्य सहसा मण्डलं विसृजत्यतः । नीरूजं तनुकं श्यावं मुखे व्यङ्गं तमादिशेत् (krodhāyāsaprakupito vāyuḥ pittena saṃyutaḥ | mukhamāgatya sahasā maṇḍalaṃ visṛjatyataḥ | nīrūjaṃ tanukaṃ śyāvaṃ mukhe vyaṅgaṃ tamādiśet) Mādh. N.

4) Steel.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyaṅga (व्यङ्ग).—mfn.

(-ṅgaḥ-ṅgī-ṅgaṃ) 1. Deformed, lame. 2. Bodiless. 3. Ill-arranged. m.

(-ṅgaḥ) 1. A frog. 2. A cripple. 3. Discoloration of the face, dark spots on the cheek. E. vi depreciative, &c., aṅga body.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 7 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Vyaṅgārtha (व्यङ्गार्थ).—suggested or implied sense; cf. व्यङ्ग्य (vyaṅgya).Derivable forms: vy...
Vaṅga (वङ्ग).—n. (-ṅgaṃ) 1. Lead. 2. Tin. m. (-ṅgaḥ) 1. Bengal, or the eastern parts of the mod...
Kṣudraroga (क्षुद्ररोग).—m. (-gaḥ) A minor disease, one of little importance. E. kṣudra, and ro...
Avyaṅga (अव्यङ्ग).—mfn. (-ṅgaḥ-ṅgā-ṅgaṃ) 1. Plain, not figurative. 2. Perfect, not mutilated. f...
biṅga (बिंग) [-gēṃ, -गें].—n A blemish, defect.
Vanga Vanga
vāṅga vāṅga (वांग वांग).—ad (vyaṅga) Ailingly, morbidly, poorly, out of sorts, with disordered ...
biṅgēṃ (बिंगें).—n (vyaṅga S) A blemish, defect, flaw, fault; the absence, unsuitableness, or i...

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