Vyanga, Vyaṅga: 13 definitions

Introduction

Vyanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vyaṅga (व्यङ्ग) refers to a skin ailment marked by facial blotches. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The literal translation of Vyaṅga is “limbless” or “deformed” but in a different context it can refer to a crippled person or a kind of cat’s eye (precious stone).

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume II

The Vāyu being aggravated through wrath and overfatiguing physical exercise, and surcharged with Pittam, and suddenly appearing on the face of a person, causes thin, circular, painless and brown-coloured patches or stains. They are known by the name of Vyanga.

Source: PMC: Management of Vyanga (facial melanosis)

Vyanga is one of the Kshudraroga, characterized by the presence of Niruja (painless) and Shavavarna Mandalas (bluish-black patches) on face. It is one of the most common diseases as regards the face is concerned. On the basis of clinical features, it can be compared with facial melanosis, one of the hyper pigmented disorders. Drugs with Rakta Prasadaka, Twak Prasadaka and Varnyakara properties are helpful in the management of Vyanga, that pacifies aggregated Doshas and help in Raktashodhana (blood purification).

Vyanga is a disease, which decreases the glowing complexion of the face and affects the skin. Among many diseases concerned with cosmetic values, Vyanga is common disease known to us from thousands of years. Though it is considered as Kshudra Roga (minor disease), has got a major importance as a cosmetic problem in the society. It is characterized by the presence of Niruja (painless), Tanu (thin) and Shavavarna Mandalas (bluish-black patches) on face, occurs due to vitiation of Vata, Pitta followed by Rakta Dosha.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Critical review of Ayurvedic Varṇya herbs

Vyaṅga (व्यङ्ग) refers to “melasma” (a type of skin disease).—In Ayurveda, pitta and rakta vitiation are held responsible for impairment of skin health, lustre, colour as well as complexion and skin diseases such as visarpa (erysipelas), vyaṅga (melasma), śvitra (leucoderma), dadru (urticaria), pippalu (moles) to name a few, therefore herbs alleviating these two will act as skin lightening agents. [...] A few among them act indirectly as varṇya by alleviating rakta and pitta doṣa

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Vyaṅga (व्यङ्ग) refers to “chloasm of face” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning vyaṅga] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Vyaṅga (व्यङ्ग) refers to “one who is deformed”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not be stupid, have a fat lip, be one who spits, or have an indistinct voice, nor have a tumor, nor be a charmer nor be deformed (vyaṅga), proud or deaf. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., vyaṅga), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., vyaṅga) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vyaṅga (व्यंग).—a S (vi & aṅga) vyaṅgita a Deformed or defective (in some limb, member, or organ); of whom some limb &c. is impaired, imperfect, or wanting. 2 fig. Incomplete, deficient, unentire--an article in general.

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vyaṅga (व्यंग).—n S Deformedness or defectiveness, incompleteness, imperfection: also a defective or feeble particular; a weak point. 2 A mole on the skin.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vyaṅga (व्यंग).—a Deformed. Fig. Deficient. n De- formedness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyaṅga (व्यङ्ग).—a. [vigatamaṅgaṃ yasya]

1) Bodiless.

2) Wanting a limb, deformed, mutilated, maimed, crippled.

3) Illarranged.

4) Lame.

5) Having no wheels.

-ṅgaḥ 1 A cripple.

2) A frog.

3) Dark spots on the cheek; क्रोधायासप्रकुपितो वायुः पित्तेन संयुतः । मुखमागत्य सहसा मण्डलं विसृजत्यतः । नीरूजं तनुकं श्यावं मुखे व्यङ्गं तमादिशेत् (krodhāyāsaprakupito vāyuḥ pittena saṃyutaḥ | mukhamāgatya sahasā maṇḍalaṃ visṛjatyataḥ | nīrūjaṃ tanukaṃ śyāvaṃ mukhe vyaṅgaṃ tamādiśet) Mādh. N.

4) Steel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyaṅga (व्यङ्ग).—mfn.

(-ṅgaḥ-ṅgī-ṅgaṃ) 1. Deformed, lame. 2. Bodiless. 3. Ill-arranged. m.

(-ṅgaḥ) 1. A frog. 2. A cripple. 3. Discoloration of the face, dark spots on the cheek. E. vi depreciative, &c., aṅga body.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyaṅga (व्यङ्ग).—i. e. vi-aṅga, I. adj. 1. Deformed, mutilated, Mahābhārata 1, 1089. 2. Lamed. 3. Bodiless. 4. Ill-arranged. Ii. m. 1. A cripple. 2. A frog. 3. Discoloration of the face, dark spots on the cheek.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyaṅga (व्यङ्ग).—1. [adjective] spotted; [masculine] spot, stain (lit. & [figuratively]).

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Vyaṅga (व्यङ्ग).—2. [adjective] limbless, mutilated, crippled; [abstract] † [feminine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vyaṅga (व्यङ्ग):—[=vy-aṅga] [from vy] a See p.1029, [columns] 1, 3.

2) [=vy-aṅga] 1. vy-aṅga mf(ā)n. (for 2. See [column]3) without limbs, limbless, deficient in limb, deformed, crippled, [Atharva-veda; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] having no wheels, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] lamed, lame, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) [v.s. ...] bodiless, [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] ill-arranged, [ib.]

7) [v.s. ...] m. a cripple, [ib.]

8) [v.s. ...] m. or n. a kind of cat’s eye (a precious stone), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] n. ([wrong reading] for try-aṅga, tripartite army, [Mahābhārata])

10) [=vy-aṅga] [from vy-añj] 2. vy-aṅga mfn. (for 1. See [column]1) spotted, speckled, [Atharva-veda]

11) [v.s. ...] m. freckles in the face, [Suśruta]

12) [v.s. ...] a blot, blemish, stain, [Harivaṃśa]

13) [v.s. ...] a frog, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] steel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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