Vyanavata, Vyānavāta, Vyana-vata: 2 definitions

Introduction

Vyanavata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vyanavata in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vyānavāta (व्यानवात):—Another name for Vyānavāyu, one of the five upadoṣa of Vāta or Vāyu. It is a technical term used in Āyurveda, the scientific medicinal system of India.

Source: Cogprints: Concepts of Human Physiology in Ayurveda

Autonomic Control of Heart: ‘Vyāna Vāta’ is responsible for the forceful ejection of ‘Rasa-dhātu’ from the heart that later circulates all over the body to perform its function of providing nutrition (Caraka-saṃhitā Cikitsāsthāna 15/36 and Suśrutasaṃhitā Nidānasthāna 1/17).

The active site of ‘Vyāna Vāta’ is Heart. It makes the circulation of blood possible by controlling the heart. Vyāna makes ‘Rasa’ (the intravascular fluid including plasma and lymph) to get forcefully ejected out of the heart and makes it circulate throughout the body (Carakasaṃhitā Cikitsāsthāna 15/36). So, sympathetic and parasympathetic control of heart is indicated by ‘Vyāna Vāta’. Some authors have ascribed the functions of somatic nervous system also to‘Vyāna Vāta’ as movements like flexion, extension, opening and closure of eyelids have been said to be under its control (Carakasaṃhitā Cikitsāsthāna 28/9).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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