Vyakhyana, Vyākhyāna: 11 definitions


Vyakhyana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Arthaśāstra

Vyākhyāna (व्याख्यान) refers to “explanation” and is the name of a yukti, or ‘technical division’, according to which the contents of the Arthaśāstra by Cāṇakya are grouped. Cāṇakya (4th-century BCE), aka Kauṭilya, was the chief minister of Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the famous Maurya Empire.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Vyākhyāna (व्याख्यान).—Explanation of a rule, or a line, or a verse by analysing the rule and giving examples and counter-examples; cf. न केवलानि चर्चापदानि व्याख्यानं वृद्धिः आत् ऎजिति । किं तर्हि । उदाहरणं प्रत्युदाहरणं वाक्याध्याहारः इत्ये-तत्समुदितं व्याख्यानं भवति । (na kevalāni carcāpadāni vyākhyānaṃ vṛddhiḥ āt ऎjiti | kiṃ tarhi | udāharaṇaṃ pratyudāharaṇaṃ vākyādhyāhāraḥ itye-tatsamuditaṃ vyākhyānaṃ bhavati |) M.Bh. Ahnika l Vart.11 ;

2) Vyākhyāna.—Authoritative decision given in places of doubt by ancient scholars; cf. व्याख्थानतो विशेषप्रतिपत्तिः न हि संदेहादलक्षणम् (vyākhthānato viśeṣapratipattiḥ na hi saṃdehādalakṣaṇam) M. Bh. Ahnika .1; Par.Sek.Pari.1.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Vyākhyāna (व्याख्यान) or Vyākhyānamudrā refers to “essence, exposition of truth” and represents one of the twenty-four gestures with a single hand, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Accordingly, pratimā-lakṣaṇa (body postures of the icons) is comprised of hand gestures (hasta, mudrā or kai-amaiti), stances/poses (āsanas) and inflexions of the body (bhaṅgas). There are thirty-two types of hands [viz., vyākhyāna-mudrā] classified into two major groups known as tolirkai (functional and expressive gestures) and elirkai (graceful posture of the hand).

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vyakhyana in Hinduism glossary
Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Vyākhyāna (व्याख्यान) in one passage of the Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa clearly denotes a ‘narrative’ merely—viz., that of the dispute of Kadrū and Suparṇī. In other passages the word means simply ‘commentary’. In the Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad, used in the plural, it signifies a species of writing, apparently ‘commentaries’, though its exact relation to Anuvyākhyāna must remain obscure. Sieg thinks that the Vyākhyānas were forms of narrative like Anvākhyāna and Anuvyākhyāna.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vyakhyana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vyākhyāna (व्याख्यान).—n S Expounding or interpreting; making gloss or comment upon. 2 Unfolding and explaining in general.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vyākhyāna (व्याख्यान).—n Making comment upon A lecture. Expound

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vyakhyana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyākhyāna (व्याख्यान).—

1) Communication, narration.

2) Speech, lecture.

3) Explanation, exposition, interpretation, comment.

Derivable forms: vyākhyānam (व्याख्यानम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyākhyāna (व्याख्यान).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Narration, speech. 2. Explanation, interpretation, exposition. E. vi and āṅ before khyā to say, lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyākhyāna (व्याख्यान).—[feminine] ī explaining, reminding of ([genetive]) [neuter] explanation, recitation, story, tale.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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