Visvadhara, Visvadhāra, Viśvādhāra, Viśvadharā, Vishvadhara, Vishva-adhara: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Visvadhara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Viśvādhāra and Viśvadharā can be transliterated into English as Visvadhara or Vishvadhara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Visvadhara in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Visvadhāra (विस्वधार).—A son of Medhātithi of Śākadvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 25.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Viśvadhara (विश्वधर) or Viśvadhararasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 6, Hridroga: heart-diseases). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., viśvadhara-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Viśvadharā (विश्वधरा) is the (Mortal) Buddhaśakti associated with Viśvabhū: one of the seven mortal Buddhas (mānuṣī) whose names appear last in the list of thirty-two Buddhas in Mahāyāna Buddhism.—The last seven Tathāgatas are well-known, and are designated by the Mahāyānist as Mānuṣī or “Mortal Buddhas”. When represented, the last seven Mortal Buddhas appear all alike; they are of one colour and one form, usually sitting cross-legged,with the right hand disposed in the Bhūmisparśa-mudrā (earth-touching attitute), which is the mudrā peculiar to Akṣobhya. [...] In paintings, the Mortal Buddhas [viz., Viśvabhū and Viśvadharā] have usually a yellow or golden complexion. [...] Sometimes they are represented as standing, in which case the appear under a distinguishing Bodhi Tree and with a distinguishing mudrā.

Viśvadharā and Viśvabhū together bring into existence the (Mortal) Bodhisattva named Ākāśagañja.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Visvadhara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viśvādhāra (विश्वाधार).—support of the universe; विश्वाधारं गगनसदृशं मेघवर्णं शुभाङ्गम् (viśvādhāraṃ gaganasadṛśaṃ meghavarṇaṃ śubhāṅgam) Viṣṇustotra.

Derivable forms: viśvādhāraḥ (विश्वाधारः).

Viśvādhāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms viśva and ādhāra (आधार).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Viśvadhara (विश्वधर) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—father of Harinātha (Kāvyādarśamārjana). Oxf. 206^b.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viśvadhara (विश्वधर):—[=viśva-dhara] [from viśva] mfn. Preserving all things (Name of Viṣṇu), [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a man, [Catalogue(s)]

3) Viśvadhāra (विश्वधार):—[=viśva-dhāra] [from viśva] m. Name of a son of Medhātithi, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] n. Name of the Varṣa ruled by him, [ib.]

5) Viśvādhāra (विश्वाधार):—[from viśva] m. support of the universe, [Pañcarātra; Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad; Hemacandra’s Yoga-śāstra]

[Sanskrit to German]

Visvadhara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Visvadhara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Viśvādhāra (विश्वाधार):—(nm) God—the support and basis of the universe.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Visvadhara in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Viśvādhāra (ವಿಶ್ವಾಧಾರ):—[noun] the Supreme Being, who supports the entire universe.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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