Vilokana: 11 definitions

Introduction

Vilokana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A king of eighty one kappas ago, a former birth of Manava (Sammukhathavika) Thera. Ap.i.159; ThagA.i.164.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Vilokana (विलोकन) refers to “four examinations” that the Buddha made before entering birth from the Tuṣita heaven, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VII).—When the Bodhisattva had taken birth in Tuṣita heaven, he examined the world of men in four ways:

  1. examination of time (kāla-vilokana),
  2. examination of place (deśana-vikolana),
  3. examination of family (kula-vilokana),
  4. examination of mother (upapattisthāna).

When this examination is finished, he determines that only the family of king Śuddhodana, residing in Kapilavastu in Madhyadeśa, is capable of conceiving the Bodhisattva. Having thought thus, he descends from Tuṣita heaven and enters the womb of his mother (mātṛ-kukṣi) without loss of his full-mindedness.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vilokana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vilokana : (nt.) looking at; investigation.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vilokana, (nt.) (vi+lok (loc=roc), see loka & rocati) looking, reflection, investigation, prognostication; usually as 5 objects of reflection as to when & where & how one shall be reborn (pañca-mahā-°āni), consisting in kāla, desa, dīpa, kula, mātā (the latter as janetti-āyu i.e. mother and her time of delivery at J. I, 48) or time (right or wrong), continent, sky (orientation), family (or clan) and one’s (future) mother: J. I, 48, 49; DhA. I, 84; as 8 at Miln. 193, viz. kāla, dīpa, desa, kula, janetti, āyu, māsa, nekkhamma (i.e. the 5+period of gestation, month of his birthday, and his renunciation). Without special meaning at DA. I, 194 (ālokana+). Cp. volokana. (Page 636)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vilōkana (विलोकन).—n S Looking, viewing : also seeing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vilōkana (विलोकन).—n Looking; seeing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vilokana (विलोकन).—

1) Seeing, looking at, observing; नगविलोकनविस्मितमानसः (nagavilokanavismitamānasaḥ) Ki.5.16.

2) Sight, observation; विलोकनेनैव तवामुना मुने कृतः कृतार्थोऽस्मि निवर्हितांहसा (vilokanenaiva tavāmunā mune kṛtaḥ kṛtārtho'smi nivarhitāṃhasā) Śi.1.29.

Derivable forms: vilokanam (विलोकनम्).

See also (synonyms): viloka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vilokana (विलोकन).—nf.

(-naṃ-nā) Sight, seeing. E. vi before lokṛ to see, yuc aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vilokana (विलोकन).—[vi-lok + ana], n. 1. Seeing, regarding, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 68, 5; sight, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 16. 2. Spying, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 35.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vilokana (विलोकन).—[neuter] look, glance; consideration.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vilokana (विलोकन):—[=vi-lokana] [from vi-loka > vi-lok] n. the act of looking or seeing, [Kāvya literature; Purāṇa; Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] looking at, regarding, observing, contemplating, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] looking for, finding out, [Śārṅgadhara-paddhati; Campaka-śreṣṭhi-kathānaka]

4) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) perceiving, noticing, becoming aware of [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara; Pañcarātra]

5) [v.s. ...] paying attention to, studying (also [plural], with [genitive case]), [Subhāṣitāvali]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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