Vilocana: 14 definitions


Vilocana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vilochana.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Vilocana in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Vilocana (विलोचन) is the name of a warrior who fought on Sūryaprabha’s side but was slain by Kālakampana, who participated in the war on Śrutaśarman side, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly: “... and again [after slaying many warriors] he [Kālakampana] slew five others that met him in fight, Bhīma, Bhīṣaṇa, Kumbhīra, Vikaṭa and Vilocana.”.

The story of Vilocana was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vilocana, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Vilocana (विलोचन):—[vilocanaḥ] Eye

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vilocana in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vilocana (विलोचन) refers to the “eyes”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.27 (“Description of the fraudulent words of the Brahmacārin”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin) said to Pārvatī: “[...] Leaving off the guardians of the quarters you run after Śiva. This is not well said. It is against the conventions of the world. Where you with eyes like the petals of a lotus? Where this three-eyed [i.e., tri-vilocana] creature—Śiva? You are moon-faced while Śiva is five-faced. On your head the divine plaited hair shines with glossy splendour like a serpent. But Śiva has only the matted hair to boast of? [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vilocana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vilocana : (nt.) the eye.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vilocana, (nt.) (vi+locana) the eye Dāvs. I, 41; ThA. 253. (Page 636)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vilocana (विलोचन).—The eye; R.7.8; Kumārasambhava 4.1;3.67; तृष्णालोलविलोचने कलयति प्राचीं चकोरीगणे (tṛṣṇālolavilocane kalayati prācīṃ cakorīgaṇe) | Bv.1.4; also seeing, sight. -a. Distorting the eyes (viparītadṛṣṭi); शत्रुर्मित्रमुखो यश्च जिह्मप्रेक्षी विलोचनः (śatrurmitramukho yaśca jihmaprekṣī vilocanaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.168.14.

Derivable forms: vilocanam (विलोचनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vilocana (विलोचन).—n.

(-naṃ) The eye. E. vi before loc to see, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vilocana (विलोचन).—[vi-loc + ana], n. The eye, [Kumārasaṃbhava, (ed. Stenzler.)] 5, 33; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 132.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vilocana (विलोचन).—[adjective] making see or seeing; [neuter] eye.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vilocana (विलोचन):—[=vi-locana] [from vi] 1. vi-locana mfn. (for 2. See vi-√loc) distorting the eyes, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a poet, [Vāsavadattā, [Introduction]]

3) [v.s. ...] of a mythical person, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] of an antelope, [Harivaṃśa]

5) [=vi-locana] 2. vi-locana mfn. (√loc; for 1. See p. 952, col. 2) ‘causing to see’ or ‘seeing’ (ifc.), [Harivaṃśa 14943]

6) [v.s. ...] n. (ifc. f(ā). ) the eye, sight, [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vilocana (विलोचन):—[vi-locana] (naṃ) 1. n. The eye.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vilocana (विलोचन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Viloaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vilocana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vilōcana (ವಿಲೋಚನ):—[noun] the organ of sight; the eye.

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Viḷōcana (ವಿಳೋಚನ):—[noun] the organ of sight; the eye.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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