Vayumandala, Vāyumaṇḍala, Vayu-mandala, Vayumamdala: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Vayumandala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vayumandala in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vāyumaṇḍala (वायुमण्डल).—A son of the hermit Maṅkaṇaka. See para 3, under Maṅkaṇaka.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vayumandala in Yoga glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Vāyumaṇḍala (वायुमण्डल) refers to the “sphere of the wind”, according to the Amṛtasiddhi, a 12th-century text belonging to the Haṭhayoga textual tradition.—Accordingly, “The sphere of the sun is at the base of the Central Channel, complete with twelve digits, shining with its rays. The lord of creatures (Prajāpati), of intense appearance, travels upwards on the right. Staying in the pathways in the spaces in the channels it pervades the entire body. The sun consumes the lunar secretion, wanders in the sphere of the wind (vāyumaṇḍala) and burns up all the bodily constituents in all bodies”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Vayumandala in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Vāyumaṇḍala (वायुमण्डल) refers to the “circle of wind”, according to a note at Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 51.—According to the canonical sūtras (Dīgha; Kośavyākhyā), the earth (pṛthivī) rests upon the water (udaka) or Circle of waters (abmaṇḍala); the water or Circle of waters rests on wind (vāyu); the wind rests on space (ākāśa); space does not rest upon anything.—In this summary, there is no mention of gold (kañcana) or diamond (vajra). Later scholasticism, particularly that of the Sarvāstivādins (Kośa; Kośabhāṣya) gives more details:

Resting on space, there arises below, by the force of the actions of beings, the Circle of wind (vāyumaṇḍala): it is 1,600,000 leagues (yojana) high, immeasurable in circumference, solid (dṛḍha) to the extent of being unable to be cut into by Vajra ‘thunderbolt, or diamond’. Superimposed on the Circle of wind (vāyumaṇḍala), the Circle of waters (abmaṇḍala), 1,120,000 yojanas high. But after a certain time, stirred by the winds that create the power of actions, the water becomes gold (kāñcana) in its upper part, just as boiled milk becomes cream.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Vāyumaṇḍala (वायुमण्डल) refers to the “Mandala of the wind element”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Oṃ in the middle of mantra inhabited ground, arisen of the four seeds, yaṃ, etc., a maṇḍala of the great elements, wind (vāyumaṇḍala), fire, water, and earth [e.g., mahābhūtaṃ vāyvagnijalāvanimaṇḍalopari], Above that, (arising from) the letter suṃ, is the merumaṇḍala, Above that, on a jeweled lion-throne, lotus, and a lunar-disc, Śrī Vajrasattva, two arms, one face, white color, Holding a vajra (and) vajra-bell, (and) adorned wearing various colors, Bearing a monk’s headdress, (and) a sapphire Akṣhobhya adorned crown, Thus imagine the worshipful guru[...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Vayumandala in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Vāyumaṇḍala (वायुमण्डल) refers to one of the four Maṇḍalas (or Ākāras) for the breath, as mentioned in chapter 1.5 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Note: There are 4 maṇḍalas, or ākāras, for the breath: vāyu, pṛthvī, jala, agni. The favorableness, or unfavorableness, of each maṇḍala depends on various circumstances. [...]. This subject is treated in the Svarodayaśāstras.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vayumandala in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vāyumaṇḍala (वायुमण्डल).—a whirl-wind.

Derivable forms: vāyumaṇḍalam (वायुमण्डलम्).

Vāyumaṇḍala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vāyu and maṇḍala (मण्डल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vāyumaṇḍala (वायुमण्डल):—[=vāyu-maṇḍala] [from vāyu] m. Name of one of the 7 Ṛṣis (See -cakra), [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] n. a whirlwind, [ib.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Vayumandala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vayumandala in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vāyumaṃḍala (ವಾಯುಮಂಡಲ):—[noun] the gaseous envelope (air) surrounding the earth; atmosphere.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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