Vairagya, Vairāgya: 13 definitions


Vairagya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vairagya in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vairāgya (वैराग्य) refers to “non-attachment”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.13.—Accordingly, “from virtue wealth is derived and from wealth enjoyment. Vairāgya (non-attachment) is the outcome of enjoyment. That is to say, when one fully enjoys the pleasures by means of wealth acquired by virtuous means one comes to the stage of Vairāgya (Detached State). If the enjoyment is through the wealth acquired by other means, the result is the increase of passion alone”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vairāgya (वैराग्य).—Detachment and devotion to jñāna; leads to purification of body and mind. One such person becomes a nirmama.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 4. 10; IV. 3. 45, 60; Vāyu-purāṇa 57. 117; 102. 66, 82; 104. 15.
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Vairāgya (वैराग्य).—Renunciation; detachment from matter and engagement of the mind in spirit.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Vairāgya (वैराग्य) refers to “(1) Detachment from this world (2) Spiritual discipline involving voluntary austerities to achieve detachment from the objects of the senses”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Vairāgya roughly translates as dispassion, detachment, or renunciation, in particular renunciation from the pains and pleasures in the material world (Maya). The Hindu philosophers who advocated vairāgya told their followers that it is a means to achieve moksha. True vairagya refers to an internal state of mind rather than to external lifestyle and can be practiced equally well by one engaged in family life and career as it can be by a renunciate. Vairagya does not mean suppression or developing repulsion for material objects. By the application of vivek (spiritual discrimination or discernment) to life experience, the aspirant gradually develops a strong attraction for the inner spiritual source of fulfillment and happiness and limited attachments fall away naturally. Balance is maintained between the inner spiritual state and one's external life through the practice of seeing all limited entities as expressions of the one Cosmic Consciousness or Brahman.

The concept of Vairāgya is found in the Yoga Sūtras of Patañjali, where it along with practice (abhyāsa), is the key to restraint of the modifications of the mind (YS 1.12, "abhyāsa-vairāgyabhyāṃ tannirodhaḥ"). The term vairāgya appears three times in the Bhagavad Gita (6.35, 13.8, 18.52) where it is recommended as a key means for bringing control to the restless mind. It is also the main topic of Mokṣopāya or Yoga Vasistha. Another important text on renunciation is Vairāgya shataka or "100 verses of Renunciation", a part of the Śatakatraya collection by Bhartṛhari.

Etymology: Vairāgya is an abstract noun derived from the word virāga (joining vi meaning "without" + rāga meaning "passion, feeling, emotion, interest"). This gives vairāgya a general meaning of ascetic disinterest in things that would cause attachment in most people. It is a "dis-passionate" stance on life. An ascetic who has subdued all passions and desires is called a vairāgika.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Vairāgya (वैराग्य, “detachment”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.12.—What is meant by detachment (vairāgya)? To develop disinterest towards the subjects of the sensual and physical pleasures is detachment.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vairāgya (वैराग्य).—n S Absence of worldly desire or passion. 2 Popularly. Renunciation of all sensuous delight or gratification.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vairāgya (वैराग्य).—n Absence of worldly desire or passion.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vairāgya (वैराग्य).—[virāgasya bhāvaḥ ṣyañ]

1) Absence of worldly desires or passions, indifference to the world, asceticism; अभ्यासेन च कौन्तेय वैराग्येण च गृह्यते (abhyāsena ca kaunteya vairāgyeṇa ca gṛhyate) Bg.6.35;13.8.

2) Dissatisfaction, displeasure, discontent; कामं प्रकृति- वैराग्यं सद्यः शमयितुं क्षमः (kāmaṃ prakṛti- vairāgyaṃ sadyaḥ śamayituṃ kṣamaḥ) R.17.55.

3) Aversion, dislike.

4) Grief, sorrow.

5) Change or loss of colour.

Derivable forms: vairāgyam (वैराग्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vairāgya (वैराग्य).—n.

(-gyaṃ) Subjection of the appetite and passions, absence of worldly desires. E. virāga and ṣyañ aff.: see vairāga .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vairāgya (वैराग्य).—[neuter] losing colour or turning pale; absence of passion, indifference, repugnance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vairāgya (वैराग्य):—[from vairāga] n. change or loss of colour, growing pale, [Suśruta; Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]

2) [v.s. ...] disgust, aversion, distaste for or loathing of ([locative case] [ablative], or [compound]), [Bhagavad-gītā; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] freedom from all worldly desires, indifference to worldly objects and to life, asceticism, [Upaniṣad; Mahābhārata etc.]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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