Udgama: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Udgama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

1) Udgama (उद्गम) refers to “process (of breathing)”, according to the Yogatārāvalī: a short Yoga text of twenty-nine verses presenting Haṭhayoga as the means to Rājayoga (i.e., Samādhi).—Accordingly, while discussing the connection between Haṭhayoga and Rājayoga: “For great adepts [of yoga], an extraordinary absorption of the breath arises, [which is] free from the activity of all the senses. [It is brought about] by the cessation of the [normally] unrestrained process of breathing (śvasana-udgama). [Such cessations] are called Kevalakumbhaka. There are no gazing points, no fixing of the mind [on a meditation-object], no time or place, no [deliberate] stopping of the breath, nor the effort of concentration and meditation when Rājayoga is flourishing”.

2) Udgama (उद्गम) refers to “multiplication” (i.e., “an increase”), according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] By astonishing, [magical] feats such as [creating] enmity [among friends], driving off and killing [adversaries] and by [tantric] mantras [of all kinds], [deluded] multiplicity multiplies (prapañca-udgama). By all [yogic] practices, the various Bandhas and Mudrās, nothing but union with ignorance [is achieved]. Meditation on points in the body, the channels [of vitality] and the six Cakras is an error of mind. Therefore, having abandoned all that, [because it has been] constructed by the mind, resort to the no-mind [state]. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

udgama (उद्गम).—m (S) Source, spring, rise, origin, lit. fig. (of a river &c. of a dispute, fashion, practice). 2 Ascending.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

udgama (उद्गम).—m Spring. Source. Ascending.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Udgama (उद्गम).—

1) Going up, rising (of stars); ascent; आज्यधूमोद्गमेन (ājyadhūmodgamena) Ś.1.15.

2) Standing erect (of hair); रोमोद्गमः प्रादुरभूदुमायाः (romodgamaḥ prādurabhūdumāyāḥ) Kumārasambhava 7.77; व्यक्तरोमोद्गमत्वात् (vyaktaromodgamatvāt) M.4.1; Amaru. 4.

3) Going out, departure, expiry; as in प्राण° (prāṇa°).

4) Birth, production, creation; पारिजातस्योद्गमः (pārijātasyodgamaḥ) Mā,.2; हरिततृणोद्गमशङ्कया मृगीभिः (haritatṛṇodgamaśaṅkayā mṛgībhiḥ) Ki. appearance; फलेन सहकारस्य पुष्पोद्गम इव प्रजाः (phalena sahakārasya puṣpodgama iva prajāḥ) R.4.9; V.4.38; भवन्ति नम्रास्तरवः फलोद्गमैः (bhavanti namrāstaravaḥ phalodgamaiḥ) Bhartṛhari 2.7; कतिपयकुसुमोद्गमः कदम्बः (katipayakusumodgamaḥ kadambaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 3.2; so मांस°, पक्ष°, ग्रन्थि° (māṃsa°, pakṣa°, granthi°) &c.; Amaruśataka 81; origin, parentage; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 2.

5) Action, vision (of eyes); वारंवारं तिरयति दृशोरुद्गमं बाष्पपूरः (vāraṃvāraṃ tirayati dṛśorudgamaṃ bāṣpapūraḥ) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.35.

6) Projection, elevation; पयोधरोद्गमाम् (payodharodgamām) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 7.

7) A shoot (of a plant); हरिततृणो- द्गमशङ्कया मृगीभिः (haritatṛṇo- dgamaśaṅkayā mṛgībhiḥ) Kirātārjunīya 5.38.

8) Vomiting, casting up.

Derivable forms: udgamaḥ (उद्गमः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udgama (उद्गम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. Going up, rising, ascending. 2. Bringing up, vomiting; also udgamanaṃ. E. ud up, gama or gamana going.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udgama (उद्गम).—[ud-gam + a], m. 1. Springing up, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 4, 9. 2. A shoot, [Kirātārjunīya] 5. 38. 3. Appearance, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 62. 4. Departing, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 4, 128.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udgama (उद्गम).—[masculine] rising, exertion; expansion, fulness; appearance, origin; shoot (of a plant).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Udgama (उद्गम):—[=ud-gama] [from ud-gam] m. going up, rising (of a star etc.), ascending, elevation (of a mountain), [Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta; Hitopadeśa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] coming forth, becoming visible, appearing, production, origin, [Suśruta; Raghuvaṃśa; Vikramorvaśī; Ratnāvalī] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] going out or away, [Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara; Bhartṛhari]

4) [v.s. ...] shooting forth (of a plant), [Kirātārjunīya; Kāvyādarśa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udgama (उद्गम):—[udga+ma] (maḥ) 1. m. Idem.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Udgama (उद्गम) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Uggama.

[Sanskrit to German]

Udgama in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Udgama (उद्गम) [Also spelled udgam]:—(nm) origin, fountainhead, source; rising, coming up; ~[na] rising, coming up.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Udgama (ಉದ್ಗಮ):—

1) [noun] a going or moving upwards.

2) [noun] a forward course; development.

3) [noun] advance toward perfection to a higher or better state.

4) [noun] the emergence of a new individual body from its parent; birth.

5) [noun] a source from which some thing is born, emanated, has come forth, etc. a source.

6) [noun] the organ or growth comprising the organs of reproduction in a plant; a flower.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

1) Udgama (उद्गम):—adj. 1. sprung up; grown up; 2. emerged;

2) Udgama (उद्गम):—n. 1. rising up; 2. origin; root; foundation; source;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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