Tangana, Taṅgaṇā, Taṅgaṇa, Ṭaṅgaṇa, Ṭaṅgaṇā: 12 definitions



Tangana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Taṅgaṇa (तङ्गण).—An ancient place of habitation of Bhārata. (Śloka 64, Chapter 9, Bhīṣma Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Taṅgaṇa (तङ्गण).—An E. tribe; a hilly country.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 120, 135; 47. 44.

2) Taṅgaṇā (तङ्गणा).—An eastern country;1 a hill tribe.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 51.
  • 2) Ib. II. 16. 67.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Taṅgaṇa (तङ्गण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.48.3, III.48.21, VI.10.63, VI.46.49, VIII.51.18) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Taṅgaṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: archive.org: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy

Tangana or Tankana refers to “borax”. (see Bhudeb Mookerji and his Rasajalanidhi)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Tangana in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Taṅgaṇa (तङ्गण) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—It is the region in the Uttarāpatha.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)

Taṅgaṇa (तङ्गण) is the name of a tribe mentioned as inhabiting the region around ancient Kaśmīra (Kashmir valley) according to the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—The Taṅgaṇas are mentioned in the Mahābhārata, the Purāṇas and the Bṛhat Saṃhitā as allied with the Khaśas, the Kirātas, the Kāśmīras etc. the Taṅgaṇas seem to have been a northern tribe. P. G. Bagchi has suggested their association with “the Donki or the Tunguse” and Moti Candra opines that they occupied the Kashgar area in Central Asia. Anyway, they lived in the neighbourhood of Kaśmīra. It is stated in the Āvaśyakacūrṇī that the Maleccha Taṅkaṇas of Uttarāpatha exchange with gold, ivory etc. the commodities of Dakṣiṇāpatha and being unable to understand the language of the buyers, they cover the heap of their goods with their hands which they do not remove till their demand is fulfilled.

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Ṭaṅgaṇā or Ṭaṅgaṇāpura is the name of a locality as mentioned in the “Plate of Padmaṭadeva” (tenth century A.D.).  Ṭaṅgaṇāpura seems to be the district round modern Joshīmaṭh and Drumatī a region not far from it. Ṭaṅgaṇāpura is mentioned along with another vishaya called Antaraṅga in the inscription of Padmaṭa’s son Subhiksharāja. In The Himalayam Districts of the North-Western Provinces of India, Vol. II p. 357, Atkinson suggested that district of Ṭaṅgaṇāpura lay about the upper course of the Ganges and that of Antaraṅga in the Doab between the Bhāgīrathī and the Alaknandā. The people of this region may be identical with the Taṅganas or Ṭaṅganas of early Indian literature.

This inscribed copper plate (mentioning Ṭaṅgaṇā) is preserved in the temple of Yogabadarī (one of the Pañcabadarī) at Pāṇḍukeśvar (Pāṇḍukeśvara). The date corresponds to some day in the 25th regnal year of king Padmaṭadeva (first half of the tenth century A.D.). It records the grant of several pieces of land situated in Drumatī which formed a part of the Ṭaṅgaṇāpura-viṣaya as well as in Yośi.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṭaṅgaṇa (टङ्गण).—Borax.

Derivable forms: ṭaṅgaṇaḥ (टङ्गणः), ṭaṅgaṇam (टङ्गणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Taṅgaṇa (तङ्गण).—[masculine] [plural] [Name] of a people.

--- OR ---

Taṅgana (तङ्गन).—[masculine] [plural] [Name] of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṭaṅgaṇa (टङ्गण):—[from ṭaṅga] m. n. = ṅkaṇa, borax, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Taṅgaṇa (तङ्गण):—m. [plural] Name of a people (in the upper part of the valley of the Sarayū), [Mahābhārata ii f., vi f., xiv; Harivaṃśa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā x, xvi f.]

3) cf. ṭaṅk.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Ṭaṅgaṇa (टङ्गण):—m. n. Borax [Rājavallabha im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. ṭaṅkaṇa .

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Taṅgaṇa (तङ्गण):—m. pl. Nomen proprium eines Volkes im oberen Sarayū - Thale [ Kunde des Morgenlandes II, 24.] [Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde I, 302, Nalopākhyāna 2. 548.] [Mahābhārata 2, 1859. 3, 1991. 10864. 6, 372. 2083. 7, 4819. 4847. 14, 2469.] [Harivaṃśa 6441. 8019.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 10, 12. 16, 6. 17, 26.] parataṅgaṇāḥ [Mahābhārata 2, 1859. 6, 372. 2083.] taṅgana (sic) v.l. für ṭaṅkaṇa [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 44, 20.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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