Tangana, Taṅgaṇā, Taṅgaṇa, Ṭaṅgaṇa, Ṭaṅgaṇā, Tamgana, Ṭaṅgana: 15 definitions


Tangana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Taṅgaṇa (तङ्गण).—An ancient place of habitation of Bhārata. (Śloka 64, Chapter 9, Bhīṣma Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Taṅgaṇa (तङ्गण).—An E. tribe; a hilly country.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 120, 135; 47. 44.

2) Taṅgaṇā (तङ्गणा).—An eastern country;1 a hill tribe.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 51.
  • 2) Ib. II. 16. 67.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Taṅgaṇa (तङ्गण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.48.3, III.48.21, VI.10.63, VI.46.49, VIII.51.18) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Taṅgaṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of tangana in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: archive.org: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy

Tangana or Tankana refers to “borax”. (see Bhudeb Mookerji and his Rasajalanidhi)

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of tangana in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Tangana in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Taṅgaṇa (तङ्गण) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—It is the region in the Uttarāpatha.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

Discover the meaning of tangana in the context of Kavya from relevant books on Exotic India

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Taṅgaṇa (तङ्गण) refers to a country (identified with the upper part of the valley of Sarayū), belonging to “Aiśānī (north-eastern division)” classified under the constellations of Revatī, Aśvinī and Bharaṇī, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Revatī, Aśvinī and Bharaṇī represent the north-eastern consisting of [i.e., Taṅgaṇa] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Discover the meaning of tangana in the context of Jyotisha from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)

Taṅgaṇa (तङ्गण) is the name of a tribe mentioned as inhabiting the region around ancient Kaśmīra (Kashmir valley) according to the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—The Taṅgaṇas are mentioned in the Mahābhārata, the Purāṇas and the Bṛhat Saṃhitā as allied with the Khaśas, the Kirātas, the Kāśmīras etc. the Taṅgaṇas seem to have been a northern tribe. P. G. Bagchi has suggested their association with “the Donki or the Tunguse” and Moti Candra opines that they occupied the Kashgar area in Central Asia. Anyway, they lived in the neighbourhood of Kaśmīra. It is stated in the Āvaśyakacūrṇī that the Maleccha Taṅkaṇas of Uttarāpatha exchange with gold, ivory etc. the commodities of Dakṣiṇāpatha and being unable to understand the language of the buyers, they cover the heap of their goods with their hands which they do not remove till their demand is fulfilled.

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Ṭaṅgaṇā or Ṭaṅgaṇāpura is the name of a locality as mentioned in the “Plate of Padmaṭadeva” (tenth century A.D.).  Ṭaṅgaṇāpura seems to be the district round modern Joshīmaṭh and Drumatī a region not far from it. Ṭaṅgaṇāpura is mentioned along with another vishaya called Antaraṅga in the inscription of Padmaṭa’s son Subhiksharāja. In The Himalayam Districts of the North-Western Provinces of India, Vol. II p. 357, Atkinson suggested that district of Ṭaṅgaṇāpura lay about the upper course of the Ganges and that of Antaraṅga in the Doab between the Bhāgīrathī and the Alaknandā. The people of this region may be identical with the Taṅganas or Ṭaṅganas of early Indian literature.

This inscribed copper plate (mentioning Ṭaṅgaṇā) is preserved in the temple of Yogabadarī (one of the Pañcabadarī) at Pāṇḍukeśvar (Pāṇḍukeśvara). The date corresponds to some day in the 25th regnal year of king Padmaṭadeva (first half of the tenth century A.D.). It records the grant of several pieces of land situated in Drumatī which formed a part of the Ṭaṅgaṇāpura-viṣaya as well as in Yośi.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of tangana in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Tangana in Ghana is the name of a plant defined with Eleusine indica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Juncus loureiroanus Schult. & Schult.f. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Methodus Plantas Horti Botanici … (1794)
· Bulletin agricole du Congo Belge (1920)
· Sylloge Plantarum Novarum (1824)
· Nomenclator Botanicus. Editio secunda (1840)
· The Queensland Flora (1898)
· Lidia (1999)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Tangana, for example chemical composition, side effects, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, health benefits, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

Discover the meaning of tangana in the context of Biology from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṭaṅgaṇa (टङ्गण).—Borax.

Derivable forms: ṭaṅgaṇaḥ (टङ्गणः), ṭaṅgaṇam (टङ्गणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Taṅgaṇa (तङ्गण).—[masculine] [plural] [Name] of a people.

--- OR ---

Taṅgana (तङ्गन).—[masculine] [plural] [Name] of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṭaṅgaṇa (टङ्गण):—[from ṭaṅga] m. n. = ṅkaṇa, borax, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Taṅgaṇa (तङ्गण):—m. [plural] Name of a people (in the upper part of the valley of the Sarayū), [Mahābhārata ii f., vi f., xiv; Harivaṃśa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā x, xvi f.]

3) cf. ṭaṅk.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tangana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of tangana in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Taṃgāna (ತಂಗಾನ):—[noun] a forest in which the temperature is low and pleasant.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of tangana in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: