Laksha, Lākṣā: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Laksha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Lākṣā can be transliterated into English as Laksa or Laksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Lākṣā (लाक्षा) is a Sanskrit word referring to lac produced by Coccus lacca (or, Kerria lacca), an insect from the Kerriidae family of scale insects. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is found in trees such as Butea frondosa, a tropical tree from the Fabaceae (legume) family of flowering plants. ‘Lac’ refers to the resinous secretion of the above mentioned insect, which is cultivated for its use as a dye or in cosmetics.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Lakṣa (लक्ष, “hundred-thousand”) is the sixth of sixty digits (decimal place) in an special enumeration system mentioned by Vasubandhu in his Abhidharmakośa (“treasury of knowledge”). The explanations of the measure of years, eons, and so forth must be comprehended through calculation based on a numerical system. Enumeration begins from one and increases by a factor of ten for each shift in decimal place. The sixtieth number in this series is called “countless”.

Among these decimal positions (e.g., lakṣa, “hundred-thousand”), the first nine positions from one to one hundred million are called ‘single set enumeration’. From a billion up to, but not including countless is “the enumeration of the great companion” and is called the ‘recurring enumeration’.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

lakṣa (लक्ष).—m (S) A hundred thousand, a lakh. 2 n fig. A joyful event; a matter or thing worth even a lakh. For phrases see lākha. 3 A butt, an object of aim, lit. fig. 4 Attention, aim, the mind as attent or intent. v sādha, bāndha.

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lākṣā (लाक्षा).—f S Popularly lākha q. v. The dye or the wax called Lac.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

lakṣa (लक्ष).—m A lakh. n Joyful event. A butt. Attention.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lakṣa (लक्ष).—[lakṣ-ac]

1) One hundred thousand. (m. also in this sense); इच्छति शती सहस्रं सहस्री लक्षमीहते (icchati śatī sahasraṃ sahasrī lakṣamīhate) Subhāṣ.; त्रयो लक्षास्तु विज्ञेयाः (trayo lakṣāstu vijñeyāḥ) Y.3.12.

2) A mark, butt, aim, target; प्राप्नोत्याशु परं स्थानं लक्षं मुक्त इवाशुगः (prāpnotyāśu paraṃ sthānaṃ lakṣaṃ mukta ivāśugaḥ) Mb.12. 3.37; प्रत्यक्षवदाकाशे लक्षं बद्ध्वा (pratyakṣavadākāśe lakṣaṃ baddhvā) Mu.1.

3) A sign, token, mark.

4) Show, pretence, fraud, disguise; लक्षसुप्तः स्थितोऽस्मि (lakṣasuptaḥ sthito'smi) Dk. 'feigning sleep'.

4) A pearl.

Derivable forms: lakṣam (लक्षम्).

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Lākṣā (लाक्षा).—[lakṣyate'nayā lakṣ ac pṛṣo° vṛddhiḥ]

1) A kind of red dye, lac; (largely used by women in ancient times as an article of decoration, especially for the soles of the feet and lips; cf. alakta; it is said to be obtained from the cochineal insect and from the resin of a particular tree); निष्ठ्यूतश्चरणोपभोगसुलभो लाक्षारसः केनचित् (niṣṭhyūtaścaraṇopabhogasulabho lākṣārasaḥ kenacit) (taruṇā) Ś. 4.5.; Ṛs.6.14; लाक्षागृहानलविषान्नसभाप्रवेशैः (lākṣāgṛhānalaviṣānnasabhāpraveśaiḥ) Ve.1.8; Ki.5.23.

2) The insect which produces the red dye,

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Lakṣa (लक्ष).—(Sanskrit), mark: anena ca lakṣa-nikṣepeṇa Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 316.10 (prose), and by this depositing of the sort just described, lit. by this mark-deposit, or, perhaps better, by this de- positing on the (designated) mark (target, lakṣa). Acc. to Senart, lakṣa is read for lakṣaṇa (4) by mss. at Mahāvastu i.207.16, where he keeps it, tho in the repetition ii.12.6 he keeps lakṣaṇa with mss. there; in i.62.12 he em. lakṣa for lak- ṣaṇa, alleging metrical grounds, but the resulting meter is not correct; read rather maha-(m.c. for mahā-)-puru- ṣalakṣaṇavarāṇāṃ; and in i.207.16 we must also read, with ii.12.6, dvātriṃśallakṣaṇadharo (or °śa-lakṣaṇa- dharo?). There is no evidence that the Buddhist 32 lak- ṣaṇa were ever called lakṣa, despite Sanskrit lakṣa for lakṣaṇa, Vikr. car. JR VII.0.2 (HOS 27.233).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lakṣa (लक्ष).—nf.

(-kṣa-kṣā) A Lac, one hundred thousand. n.

(-kṣaṃ) 1. Fraud, disguise. 2. A mark or butt. E. lakṣ to mark, or see, aff. ac or ghañ .

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Lākṣā (लाक्षा).—f.

(-kṣā) Lac, a red dye, or an insect which is analogous to the cochineal insect, and like it forms when died and prepared, a dye of a red colour; the nest is formed of a resinous substance which is used as sealing wax, and as an article of decoration by women, and is usually termed Shel lac. E. lakṣ to mark or stain, aff. a, and aṇ added, the vowel made long; or lakṣa a hundred thousand, aṇ aff.; made by a multitude of the insects.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lakṣa (लक्ष).—probably from raṅj, and for original rakta, I. n. 1. A mark, Mahābhārata 3, 14852; [Caurapañcāśikā] 15. 2. Aim, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 61; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 54, 4 (? look, perhaps corr. ºlak- ṣaṇaḥ). 3. Disguise, fraud. Ii. m., and f. kṣā, and n. ([Pañcatantra] 255, 23), A Lac, a hundred thousand, [Pañcatantra] 255, 23.

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Lākṣā (लाक्षा).—i. e. lakṣa = lakta in laktaka (q. cf.), + a, f. Lac, the animal dye, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6. 13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lakṣa (लक्ष).—[neuter] mark, sign, aim, prize; a lac i.e. one hundred thousand (also [masculine]).

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Lākṣā (लाक्षा).—[feminine] [Name] of a plant, lac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Lakṣa (लक्ष):—[from lakṣ] m. or n. ([probably] [from] √lag as ‘that which is attached or fixed’) a mark, sign, token, ([especially]) a mark to aim at, target, butt, aim, object, prey, prize, [Ṛg-veda ii, 12, 4], etc. (cf. labdha-l; ākāśe lakṣam-√bandh, to fix the gaze vaguely on space, look into space as if at some object barely visible in the distance, [Śakuntalā]; cf. also ākāśa-baddha-lakṣa)

2) [v.s. ...] appearance, show, pretence (cf. -supta)

3) [v.s. ...] a kind of citron, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a pearl, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] mfn. a lac, one hundred thousand, [Yājñavalkya; Harivaṃśa etc.]

6) Lākṣā (लाक्षा):—f. (cf. rākṣā and, [Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 62 [Scholiast or Commentator]]) a species of plant, [Atharva-veda]

7) a kind of red dye, lac (obtained from the cochineal or a similar insect as well as from the resin of a [particular] tree), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

8) the insect or animal which produces the red dye, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Lakṣa (लक्ष):—(von lag; vgl. lakṣman, lakṣmī)

1) ein ausgesetzter (angehefteter) Preis: śva.hnīva.yo jigī.āṃ la.ṣamādat (= lakṣyam [Sāyaṇa]) [Ṛgveda 2, 12, 4.] labdha adj. der den Preis —, den Sieg davongetragen hat; bewährt, erprobt: asakṛllabdhalakṣāste (mallāḥ) raṅge [Mahābhārata 4, 341.] [Harivaṃśa 5122.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 62, 9.] nāgā raṇe [Mahābhārata 7, 4325.] sacivāḥ [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 54.] —

2) Zeichen, Mal: aṅkairlakṣaiśca tāḥ sarvā (gāḥ) lakṣayāmāsa [Mahābhārata 3, 14852.] nakharakṣata [Caurapañcāśikā 15.] —

3) n. Ziel, Zielpunkt [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 54.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 440.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 777.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2. 570.] [Medinīkoṣa ṣ. 23.] [Spr. 1910.] dṛṣṭalakṣabhidaḥ (lakṣya ed. Calc.) [Raghuvaṃśa 1, 61.] carasthireṣu lakṣeṣu bāṇasiddhiḥ [KĀM. NĪTIS. 14, 25] (lakṣyeṣu 27). siddhalakṣeṇa bāṇena [Kathāsaritsāgara 112, 56.] ākāśe lakṣaṃ baddhvā sein Ziel auf den Luftraum richtend so v. a. ohne bestimmtes Ziel in’s Blaue sehend [Śākuntala 31, 7, v. l.] ākāśabaddhalakṣa [Vikramorvaśī 54, 4.] bhūtā vielleicht so v. a. von Allen gesucht [Oxforder Handschriften 217,a,26.] sthūla adj. grosse Ziele verfolgend [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 308.] nach den Erklärern freigebig oder kenntnissreich; v. l. lakṣya; vgl. sthūlalakṣitā, sthūlalakṣya . —

4) hunderttausend, nach den Lexicographen f. und n.; zu belegen nur n. und m. [Amarakoṣa.3,6,3,24.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa.3,3,440.5,20.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 873.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Siddhāntakaumudī 250,b,10.] ekonatriṃśallakṣāṇi [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 101.] lakṣāntare rkaḥ [Spr. 835. 1626. 1666. 1910.] lakṣeśa [1626.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 77, 17. 80, 12.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 8, 15. 53, 10.] [Pañcatantra 255, 23.] [Hitopadeśa 115, 4.] hataṃ lakṣaṃ rathānām [Harivaṃśa 15909.] [Spr. 1363.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 43, 109. 44. 131. 46, 244. 115, 9.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 243. 415. fg. 5, 137. 143.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 21, 7. 6, 17, 2.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 54, 8.] suvarṇasya [Kathāsaritsāgara 5. 113.] brahmāṇḍalakṣaiḥ [Spr. 4000.] [Gītagovinda 3, 16.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 8, 2. 34, 67.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 357. 4, 494.] [Caurapañcāśikā 43.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 251.] suvarṇa [Kathāsaritsāgara 12, 9. 21, 87. 35, 25.] lakṣaṃ naradvipān [Mahābhārata 8, 3665.] lakṣaiḥ sundaramandiraiḥ [PAÑCAR. 1, 11, 16. 2, 2, 89.] dvātriṃśallakṣayojanāyāma [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 20, 24.] daśalakṣaṃ suvarṇam [PAÑCAR. 1, 4, 51.] lakṣasvarṇam [11, 26.] lakṣmīṃ ca niścalāṃ lakṣapaurupīm [8, 32.] ślokamidaṃ śāstram [2, 1, 20.] lakṣalakṣaiḥ [1, 7, 34.] śatalakṣam [2, 2. 29.] pūjanodyāpanavidhi [Oxforder Handschriften 284,a,33.] pūjāmāhātmya [30,a,11.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 466.] trayo lakṣāḥ [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 102.] lakṣaścaiko pi [Weber’s Indische Studien 9, 35.] kanyāṃ salakṣām [Pañcatantra V. 84.] —

5) Schein, Verstellung (vyāja) [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 440.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 378.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] lakṣasupta sich schlafend stellend [Mṛcchakaṭikā 48, 25, v. l.] — Vgl. paro, rati, vi und lakṣya .

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Lākṣa (लाक्ष):—adj. [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 110, 7] nach [KUHN] fehlerhaft für lākṣma an die Lakṣmī gerichtet.

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Lākṣā (लाक्षा):—[UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 3, 62.] f. [Amarakoṣa 3, 6, 1, 10.]

1) eine best. Pflanze [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 5, 5, 7] (voc.) —

2) Lack (sowohl die von der Schildlaus kommende rothe Farbe als auch das rothe brennbare Harz eines best. Baumes) [AINSLIE I, 188.] [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 3, 26.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 6, 36.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 685.] [Hārāvalī 219. 259.] [Halāyudha 2, 400. 5, 37.] rakta [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 76. 28. 38.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 10, 89. 92.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 37.] [Mahābhārata 1, 5724.] [Suśruta 1, 142, 20.] cūrṇa [46, 16.] hiṅgulākṣe niryāsau [145,12.2,25,1. 126,9. 357,2. 367,12.] [Spr. 2662. 3044. 4955.] [Kirātārjunīya 5,23.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 10,11. 11,11. 57,5. 61,15. 68,40. 77,9.] [Sāhityadarpana 71,3.] [Oxforder Handschriften 105,b,28.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 25,15.] rasa [Suśruta 1, 315, 9.] [Śākuntala 80.] [Ṛtusaṃhāra 1, 5. 6, 13.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 43, 48. 78, 19.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 9, 47. 30, 46.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 25, 11.] bhavana (vgl. jatugṛha) [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 1, 6.] gṛha [VEṆĪSAM̃Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi] im Comm. zu [DAŚAR. 4, 68.] — Vgl. rākṣā .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Lakṣa (लक्ष) [Also spelled laksh]:—(a and nm) a lac; the number one hundred thousand; a mark, target; ~[pati] a millionaire, a wealthy person; ~[bedhī] hitting the target/mark.

2) Lākṣā (लाक्षा):—(nf) lac; shellac; ~[gṛha/bhavana] a house made of lac; an inflammable house; ~[vṛkṣa] see [palāśa].

context information

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