Shurapura, Shura-pura, Sura-pura, Surapura, Śūrapura: 8 definitions


Shurapura means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śūrapura can be transliterated into English as Surapura or Shurapura, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Shurapura in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Śūrapura (शूरपुर) is the name of an ancient city, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 52. Accordingly as Gomukha said in the presence of Naravāhanadatta: “... there is on the earth a city rightly named Śūrapura, and in it there lived a king named Mahāvarāha, the destroyer of his foes”.

2) Surapura (सुरपुर) is the name of an ancient city according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 56. Accordingly, as Nārāyaṇī narrated to a group of divine mothers (mātṛcakra) in presence of Candrasvāmin, who was listening from a tree: “... although this story makes me feel shame, still, friends, I will tell it. There is here, in the city of Surapura, a king named Surasena. He has a daughter renowned for beauty, named Vidyādharī.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Śūrapura, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Surapura (सुरपुर) is the name of a Upaśmaśāna (category of holy sites), according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly: “Now, [the Blessed One] has taught [holy sites] such as the śmaśāna and upaśmaśāna in sequence. [...] (9) Mummunī is a śmaśāna [site] Caritra, Harikela, and Māyāpurī are also the śmaśāna [sites]. (10) The upaśmaśāna [sites] are the base of a mountain, a dead village, Surapura, and Karṇāṭapāṭaka. [...] Girls who are in these places are of [the nature of] the innate, born in their own birthplaces. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: The ancient geography of India

Surapura, the modern Supur or Sopur, is situated on both banks of the Behat, immediately to the west of the Great Wular Lake. It was originally called Kambuva, and under this name it is mentioned in the chronicles of Kashmir as early as the beginning of the fifth century. It was rebuilt by Sura, the minister of Avanti Varmma, between a.d. 854 and 883, after whom it was called Surapura. From its favourable position at the outlet of the Wular Lake, I think it probable that it is one of the oldest places in Kashmir.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shurapura in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śūrapura (शूरपुर).—n. the name of a town.

Śūrapura is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śūra and pura (पुर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śūrapura (शूरपुर).—[neuter] [Name] of a city.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śūrapura (शूरपुर):—[=śūra-pura] [from śūra > sūr] n. ‘hero-town’, Name of a town, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

2) Surapura (सुरपुर):—[=sura-pura] [from sura > sur] n. ‘city of the gods’, Amarā-vatī, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] heaven (ram upa-√gam, ‘to go to heaven, die’), [Jātakamālā]

[Sanskrit to German]

Shurapura in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shurapura in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Surapura (ಸುರಪುರ):—[noun] the heaven, the abode of gods.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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