Shrinagara, Shri-nagara, Śrīnagara: 7 definitions



Shrinagara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śrīnagara can be transliterated into English as Srinagara or Shrinagara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shrinagara in Purana glossary
Source: Rajatarangini (Ranjit Sitaram Pandit)

Śrīnagara or Srinagar (“the city royal”) is the name of an ancient city of Kashmir mentioned by Kalhaṇa.—Accordingly, Kalhaṇa tells us that the capital owed its name to Śrīnagarī, the city founded in the remote past by the great Aśoka, the Constantine of Buddhist India. He describes the environs of this unique city of the East and mentions its landmarks, the Śārikāparvata (Harparvat) and the Gopa Hill (Gupkar) surmounted by the ancient temple of Jyeṣṭha Rudra, now known as Śaṅkarācārya. Numerous towns, temples, shrines and monasteries are mentioned by him including the glorious sun-temple founded early in the eighth century by king Kalitāditya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śrīnagara (श्रीनगर).—Is Śrīpuram.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 37. 98; 38. 28.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of shrinagara or srinagara in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Śrīnagara (श्रीनगर) is another name for Pāṭaliputra: a place name mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Pāṭaliputra is the same as modern Patna situated to the south of the river Gaṅgā. The Pāla inscriptions refer to it by the name Śrīnagara. The word “Śrīnagara” means “a beautiful city”. Because of the abundance of flowers the city may have looked beautiful.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shrinagara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śrīnagara (श्रीनगर).—Name of two old towns (one in Cawnpur district and the other in Bundelkhand); Raj. T.; H.

Derivable forms: śrīnagaram (श्रीनगरम्).

Śrīnagara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śrī and nagara (नगर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śrīnagara (श्रीनगर).—[neuter] [Name] of a town.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śrīnagara (श्रीनगर):—[=śrī-nagara] [from śrī] n. (or f(ī). ) ‘city of Fortune’, Name of two towns (one situated in the district of Caunpore, the other in Bundelcund), [Rājataraṅgiṇī; Hitopadeśa etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Shrinagara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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