Samyaksambuddha, Samyaksaṃbuddha, Samyak-sambuddha: 3 definitions

Introduction

Samyaksambuddha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Samyaksambuddha in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Samyaksaṃbuddha (सम्यक्संबुद्ध) is a synonym for the Buddha according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter IV).

Why is he called A lo ho (Samyaksaṃbuddha)?

1) Samyak means perfectly, sam means fully, and budh means understanding. The expression thus means “He who understands all dharmas perfectly and completely”.

2) Furthermore, he knows that all the dharmas are truly unchangeable (abhedya), without increase or decrease. Why are they unchangeable? When the functioning of the mind (cittapravṛtti) is stopped (sthita) and destroyed (niruddha), when the path of speech (abhilāpamārga) is cut, he understands that dharmas are motionless (acala), like nirvāṇa itself. This is why he is called Samyaksaṃbuddha.

3) Finally, the languages (adhivacana) of all the universes (lokadhātu), the ten directions (daśadiś), the languages of beings (sattva) in the six destinies (gati), the history of previous lives of beings and their birthplaces in future generations, the natures of the mind (citta-lakṣaṇa) of all beings in the ten directions, their fetters (saṃyojana), their roots of good (kuśalamūla) and their outcome (niḥsaraṇa): all the dharmas of this kind he knows in detail. This is why he is called Samyaksaṃbuddha

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Samyaksambuddha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Samyaksaṃbuddha (सम्यक्संबुद्ध).—m. (= Pali sammā-saṃ°), a perfectly enlightened one, a Buddha: passim, e.g. Mahāvyutpatti 5; Mahāvastu i.80.4; 96.9, 12; Senart, i note 404, alleges that this stem is used for samyaksaṃbodhi; most of his instances are dubious or false (e.g. his two Saddharmapuṇḍarīka citations are read °buddhatvaṃ, not °buddhaṃ, in KN); but in Mahāvastu ii.311.8 the mss. are cited as reading °buddhāye (dat., = °bodhaye; prose).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samyaksambuddha (सम्यक्सम्बुद्ध):—[=samyak-sambuddha] [from samyak > samy-añc] mfn. one who has attained to complete enlightenment (said of the Buddha), [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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