Samnipata, Sannipāta, Saṃnipāta, Sannipata: 22 definitions


Samnipata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Sannipāta (सन्निपात) refers to one of the twenty aspects of tāla (time-measure), according to the Nāṭyaśāstrahapter chapter 28. In musical performance, tāla refers to any rhythmic beat or strike that measures musical time. It is an important concept in ancient Indian musical theory (gāndharvaśāstra) traceable to the Vedic era.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 31, sannipāta is one of the four varieties of the audible tāla. Accordingly, “the alternate placing (lit. falling) of these, is known as the pāta. These are to be known śamyā, tāla and sannipāta. The śamyā is of the right hand, the tāla of the left hand, and the two hands coming together is the sannipāta, and the dhruvā is stopping (lit. falling) for a mātrā, and it makes for the way of the rāgas, and moreover the placing (lit. falling) of the three kalās mentioned before, is also called dhruvā”. The tāla is so called because it measures time by a division of songs into kalās”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Saṃnipāta (संनिपात).—A contact or relation of two things. cf संनिपातो द्वयोः संबन्धः । (saṃnipāto dvayoḥ saṃbandhaḥ |) Pari. Sek. Pari. 85;

2) Saṃnipāta.—Coming together; cf न लक्ष्यते विकृतिः संनिपाते (na lakṣyate vikṛtiḥ saṃnipāte) M. Bh. on P. III. 2.123 Vart 5.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Samnipata in Ayurveda glossary

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Sannipāta (सन्निपात) refers to “typhoid” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning sannipāta] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Jvaranirnaya: a rare monograph on diagnosis of fevers from the pre-colonial era

Sannipāta (सन्निपात) or Sannipātajvara refers to “(fever caused due to the) vitiation of all the three Doṣas”, according to the Jvaranirṇaya: an Ayurvedic manuscript dealing exclusively with types of jvara (fevers) written by Sri Nārāyaṇa Paṇḍita in the 16th century CE.—The uniqueness of the text is that one can get a comprehensive classification, symptomatology and diagnosis of jvara, all at one place in this text. The context of fever caused due to the vitiation of all the three doṣas (sannipāta-jvara) is elaborated in great detail and dealt exclusively as a separate chapter. [...]

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Samnipata in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Saṃnipāta (संनिपात) refers to the “coming together (of many causes and conditions)”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 2).—Accordingly, “Neither the ear-organ (śrotrendriya), nor the auditory consciousness (śrotravijñāna), nor the mental consciousness (manovijñāna) are able to hear sounds. The coming together of many causes and conditions (hetuprayaya-saṃnipāta) is necessary to be able to hear sounds. It cannot be said that one single dharma hears sounds. Why? The ear-organ, lacking intellect (avabodha), cannot hear sounds; the consciousnesses, both auditory consciousness as well as mental [consciousness], being non-material (arūpin), offering no resistance (apratigha) and outside of space (adeśastha), are not able to hear sounds. [...]”.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Saṃnipāta (संनिपात) refers to a “Collection”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly as The Lord said: “O Śāriputra, the Bodhisattva, the great being, Gaganagañja is coming here to see, praise, serve me, and attain this exposition of the dharma (dharma-paryāya), A Chapter of the Great Collection (mahā-saṃnipāta-parivarta). Also he is coming with the assembly of all Bodhisattvas who have gathered from the worlds of the ten directions for the sake of the joy of the dharma (dharma-prītā), happiness (sukha), the source of great joy (prāmodya), the upholding of the great vehicle, and the wings of awakening (bodhi-pakṣika) of all Bodhisattvas”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Saṃnipāta (संनिपात) refers to an “(assembly) gathering”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, “The Bhagavān was dwelling in the great city of Vārāṇasī. Providing great benefits he was teaching the Dharma to beings, namely the producer of virtue, fulfilling all hopes and wishes. [He was] in an assembly-gathering (parṣad-saṃnipāta), with a great assembly of Nāgas lead by Takṣaka. With a great assembly of Devas and humans”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samnipata in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sannipāta : (m.) assemblage; congregation; union of the humours of the body.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sannipāta, (fr. sannipatati) 1. union, coincidence S. IV, 68 sq.; Miln. 60, 123 sq.; Nett 28.—2. assemblage, assembly, congregation D. II, 5; Miln. 7.—3. union of the humours of the body Miln. 303.—4. collocation Dh. 352. (Page 679)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samnipata in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Sannipāta (सन्निपात).—m S Mixture or mingling, i. e. mixed or mingling state. 2 Coming together, gathering, collecting: also a gathering, a collection, an assemblage. 3 Falling together, joining, uniting: also contact, conjunction, or union. 4 Alighting or arriving, coming unto. 5 (From the above senses yet the only sense popularly known.) Violent fever with delirium and syncope. Explained as consisting in the corruption of the three humors vāta, pitta, kapha.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

Sannipāta (सन्निपात).—m Violent fever with delirium and syncope; mixed state; falling together.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samnipata in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃnipāta (संनिपात).—1 Falling down, alighting, descent.

2) Falling togehter, meeting; confluence; समुद्रपत्न्योर्जल- संनिपाते (samudrapatnyorjala- saṃnipāte) R.13.58.

3) Collision, contact; संनिपातावधूतैश्च (saṃnipātāvadhūtaiśca) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 4.13.27 (com. saṃnipāto'ṅgasaṃghaṭṭanam); प्रतिपदमविहस्ताः संनिपाते रिपूणाम् (pratipadamavihastāḥ saṃnipāte ripūṇām) Śiva B.3.47.

4) Union, conjunction, combination, mixture, miscellaneous collection; तथा तयोः संनिपातः शरयोरभवत्तदा (tathā tayoḥ saṃnipātaḥ śarayorabhavattadā) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.39.15; Bhāgavata 11.25.6; धूमज्योतिःसलिलमरुतां संनिपातः क्व मेयः (dhūmajyotiḥsalilamarutāṃ saṃnipātaḥ kva meyaḥ) Meghadūta 5.

5) An assemblage, a collection, multitude, number; नानारत्नज्योतिषां संनिपातैः (nānāratnajyotiṣāṃ saṃnipātaiḥ) Kirātārjunīya 5.36; एको हि दोषो गुणसंनिपाते निमज्जति (eko hi doṣo guṇasaṃnipāte nimajjati) Kumārasambhava 1.3.

6) Arrival.

7) A combined derangement of the three humours of the body causing fever which is of a dangerous kind.

8) A kind of musical time or measure.

9) Sexual intercourse; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 5.

1) Battle, war.

11) (In astr.) A particular conjunction of planets.

Derivable forms: saṃnipātaḥ (संनिपातः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saṃnipāta (संनिपात).—m. (also nt. in Mahāvastu; = Pali id.; Sanskrit id. not noted in this sense), gathering, assembly of people: so 'drākṣīd rājā…mahājana-°taṃ vikrośantaṃ Divyāvadāna 325.12; of bodhisattvas, parṣat-°taḥ…bodhisattvānāṃ Daśabhūmikasūtra 7.2; bodhisattva-°ta-maṇḍalamāḍe (q.v.) (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 1.4; usually of Buddhist disciples, śrāvaka; according to Divyāvadāna 18.9 and 489.9 Buddhas hold two annual gatherings of disciples, (dharmatā khalu) yathā buddhānāṃ bhagavatāṃ śrāvakā- ṇāṃ dvau °tau bhavataḥ, viz. at the beginning of the rainy season and at the full moon of Kārttika; in Mahāvastu, as in Pali (Dīghanikāya (Pali) ii.5.7 ff.; Jātaka (Pali) i.30.4 ff.; 35.1 ff.), any Buddha is spoken of as holding three general assemblies, the number attending at each being generally stated, trayaḥ °pātā bhūtā (so most mss.), prathamo śrāvaka-°to ṣaṇṇa- vati koṭīyo abhūṣi, etc., Mahāvastu i.59.6; so also i.248.9 ff.; 251.7; iii.246.17 ff.; only one for each Buddha mentioned iii.233.19 = 237.21; (nt.,) (idaṃ) bhagavato prathamaṃ śrāvaka-°taṃ ardhatrayodaśa (em.) bhikṣuśatāni iii.432.6; more than three in Sukhāvatīvyūha, iyantataḥ (q.v.) sa prathama-°to 'bhūt 32.1, kaḥ punar vādo dvitīya-tṛtīyādīnāṃ śrāvaka- °tānām, evam anantāparyantas tasya bhagavataḥ śrāvaka- saṃgho 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sannipāta (सन्निपात).—m.

(-taḥ) 1. Collection, assemblage, multitude. 2. Union, junction, contact. 3. Mixture, miscellaneous collection. 4. Morbid state of the three humours of the body producing fever and dangerous illness. 5. Alighting, descending, falling down. 6. Arrival. 7. A kind of musical tune or measure. E. sam and ni before pat to go, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃnipāta (संनिपात).—i. e. sam-ni-pat + a, m. 1. Contact, collision, Bhāṣāp. 116; [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 36. 2. Assemblage, multitude. 3. Morbid state of the three humours, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 193. 4. Alighting, descending. 5. Arrival. 6. Union, junction. 7. Mixture, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 5; miscellaneous collection.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃnipāta (संनिपात).—[masculine] encounter, meeting (of friends or foes); contact, union; heap, mass, aggregate; sexual intercourse.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃnipāta (संनिपात):—[=saṃ-nipāta] [from saṃni-pat] m. falling in or down together, collapse, meeting, encounter, contact or collision with ([instrumental case]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] conjunction, aggregation, combination, mixture, [Prātiśākhya; ???; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] (also with maithune) sexual intercourse with ([locative case]), [Āpastamba; Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] a complicated derangement of the three humours or an illness produced by it, [Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] a [particular] manner of wrestling, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] falling down, descent (See lakṣaṇa-s)

7) [v.s. ...] utter collapse, death, destruction, [Mahābhārata]

8) [v.s. ...] (in [astronomy]) a [particular] conjunction of planets, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

9) [v.s. ...] (in music) a kind of measure, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sannipāta (सन्निपात):—[sanni-pāta] (taḥ) 1. m. Collection; union; mixture; arrival; alighting; morbid state of the three humours.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃnipāta (संनिपात) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Saṃṇivāya, Saṃnivāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samnipata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samnipata in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sannipāta (ಸನ್ನಿಪಾತ):—

1) [noun] a joining, uniting or being joined, united; union.

2) [noun] a battle; a war.

3) [noun] a temporary mental disorder, with restlessness, excitement, delusions, hallucinations, etc.; delirium.

4) [noun] a fever that accompanies this state.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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