Samidheni, Sāmidhenī: 4 definitions

Introduction:

Samidheni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Sāmidhenī (सामिधेनी) refers to “hymns used for lighting the fire”, according to the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras.—“In the Sāmidhenī hymns the recitation is to be between (the high and the low tone)”. The Sāmidhenīs are the hymns used for lighting the fire. One commentator explains antarā, between, as between high tone (kruṣṭa) and the murmuring (upāṃśu). Another distinguishes three high tones, the kruṣṭa (also called tāra or krauñca), the madhyama, and the mandra, and assigns the madhyama to the Sāmidhenī hymns. The mandra notes come from the chest, the madhyama notes from the throat, the uttama notes from the head.

At the Darśa-pūrṇamāsa sacrifices there are fifteen Sāmidhenīs. At the Iṣṭi and Paśubandha sacrifices there are seventeen Sāmidhenīs, when they are so handed down.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samidheni in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sāmidhenī (सामिधेनी).—[सम् (sam) + इन्ध् करणे ल्युट् नि° (indh karaṇe lyuṭ ni°))

1) A kind of prayer recited while the sacrificial fire is being kindled or fed with fuel; विधिविहितविरिब्धैः सामिधेनीरधीत्य (vidhivihitaviribdhaiḥ sāmidhenīradhītya) Śiśupālavadha 11. 41.

2) Fuel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāmidhenī (सामिधेनी).—f. (-nī) 1. A prayer used on adding fuel to the sacrificial fire. 2. Fuel. 3. A kind of deer. E. sam-indha-karaṇe lyuṭ ni0 .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sāmidhenī (सामिधेनी):—[from sāmidhena] f. ([scilicet] ṛc) a verse recited while the sacrificial fire is kindled, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] fuel, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

3) Sāmidheni (सामिधेनि):—[from sāmidhena] f. = sāmidhenī, [Kauśika-sūtra]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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