Ishti, Iṣṭi: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Ishti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Iṣṭi can be transliterated into English as Isti or Ishti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Iṣṭi (इष्टि).—A word generally used in the statements made in the Mahā bhāṣya, similar to those of the Sūtrakāra and the Vārttikakāras, which are 'desired ones' with a view to arrive at the correct forms of words; cf. प्राप्तिज्ञो देवानां-प्रियो न त्विाष्टिज्ञः, इष्यत एतद् रूपमिति (prāptijño devānāṃ-priyo na tviाṣṭijñaḥ, iṣyata etad rūpamiti) M. Bh. on II. 4.56.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Iṣṭi (इष्टि) is defined as a synonym for Yajña (sacrifice) according to the commentary of the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras 1.—“yajña [viz., iṣṭi], sacrifice, is an act by which we surrender something for the sake of the gods. Such an act must rest on a sacred authority (āgama), and serve for man’s salvation (śreyortha). The nature of the gift is of less importance. It may be puroḍāśa, cake; karu, pulse; sāṃnāyya, mixed milk; paśu, an animal; soma, the juice of the Soma-plant, &c.; nay, the smallest offerings of butter, flour, and milk may serve for the purpose of a sacrifice”.

 At the Iṣṭi and Paśubandha sacrifices there are seventeen Sāmidhenīs, when they are so handed down. Commentary: When it is said that wishful iṣṭis are performed in a murmur, this means that the names of the chief deities are pronounced in a murmur (likewise the yājyā and anuvākyā).

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Iṣṭi (इष्टि) is the offering of milk, butter, grain, etc., as distinguished from animal and soma sacrifices

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Iṣṭi.—used in the sense of viṣṭi; cf. sarv-eṣṭi-parihāra-parihṛta. Note: iṣṭi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

iṣṭi (इष्टि).—f S A sacrifice, any sacrificial rite.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

iṣṭī (इष्टी).—f A sacrifice, any sacrificial rite.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Iṣṭi (इष्टि).—f. [iṣ-ktin]

1) Wish, request, desire.

2) Seeking, striving to get.

3) Any desired object.

4) A desired rule or desideratum; (a term used with reference to Patañjali's additions to Kātyāyana's Vārttikas; iṣṭayo bhāṣyakārasya, iti bhāṣyakāreṣṭayā &c.; cf. upasaṃkhyāna).

5) Impulse, hurry.

6) Invitation, order.

7) (yaj-ktin) A sacrifice. Ms.11.2.2. शबर (śabara) seems to interpret the word especially in the sense of 'a दर्शपूर्णमास (darśapūrṇamāsa) sacrifice'. इष्टिराजसूयचातुर्मास्येषु (iṣṭirājasūyacāturmāsyeṣu) | &c. MS.II.2.12.

8) An oblation consisting of butter, food &c.

9) Summary in verses (= saṃgrahaśloka). एभिर्यज्ञेभिस्तदभीष्टिमश्याम् (ebhiryajñebhistadabhīṣṭimaśyām) Rv.1.166.14.

Derivable forms: iṣṭiḥ (इष्टिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Iṣṭī (इष्टी).—(Pali itthi, itthī), = iṣṭikā, istrī, qq.v., woman: Lalitavistara 74.15 (verse) ye ca iṣṭidārakā suduḥkhitā (Lefm. wrongly °dārakāsu duḥ°), and what women and boys…; Lalitavistara 235.15 (verse), perhaps read ima iṣṭi°, compare ms. A imeṣṭikā- maratiṃ (= imām plus iṣṭi°), for Lefm. ima istri°; Mahāvastu ii.299.14 (verse) iṣṭibhāvaṃ, state of (existence as) a woman; other instances as v.l. for forms of istrī, q.v.

Iṣṭī can also be spelled as Iṣṭi (इष्टि).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iṣṭi (इष्टि).—f.

(-ṣṭiḥ) 1. Wish, desire. 2. A sacrifice, any sacrificial rite. 3. A compendious verse easily committed to memory. E. iṣ to wish, or iṣ substituted for yaj, to sacrifice; affix ktin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iṣṭi (इष्टि).—f. I. 2. iṣ + ti, Wish. Ii. yaj + ti, 1. Sacrificing, Chr. 296, 1 = [Rigveda.] i. 112, 1. 2. Sacrifice. [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iṣṭi (इष्टि).—1. [feminine] impulse, furtherance, aid ([abstract] & concr.).

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Iṣṭi (इष्टि).—2. [feminine] seeking, request, wish, desire.

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Iṣṭi (इष्टि).—3. [feminine] sacrifice (mostly of a simpler kind).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Iṣṭi (इष्टि):—[from iṣ] 1. iṣṭi f. impulse, acceleration, hurry

2) [v.s. ...] invitation

3) [v.s. ...] order

4) [v.s. ...] despatch, [Ṛg-veda]

5) [from iṣ] 2. iṣṭi f. seeking, going after, [Ṛg-veda]

6) [v.s. ...] endeavouring to obtain

7) [v.s. ...] wish, request, desire, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] any desired object

9) [v.s. ...] a desired rule, a desideratum, a Name applied to the statement of grammarians who are considered as authoritative.

10) [from iṣṭa] 3. iṣṭi f. sacrificing, sacrifice

11) [v.s. ...] an oblation consisting of butter, fruits, etc., opposed to the sacrifice of an animal or Soma, [Ṛg-veda i, 166, 14; x, 169, 2; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Yājñavalkya; Manu-smṛti; Śakuntalā; Raghuvaṃśa etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iṣṭi (इष्टि):—(ṣṭiḥ) 2. f. Wish; sacrifice.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Iṣṭi (इष्टि):—

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Iṣṭi (इष्टि):—

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Iṣṭi (इष्टि):—1.

2) [Z. 5] lies re.ha st. ra.ha .

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Iṣṭi (इष्टि):—2. , yajñeṣṭisaktāḥ [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 15, 6.] kalpa [Weber’s Indische Studien 5, 14. fg.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Iṣṭi (इष्टि):—1. f.

1) Beschleunigung , Antrieb , Anregung

2) Aufforderung , Geheiss.

3) Stärkung , Förderung.

4) Förderer , Helfer.

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Iṣṭi (इष्टि):—2. f.

1) das Suchen. Aufsuchen , Nachgehen. Häufig nach Art eines Infin. construirt. —

2) Wunsch , Bitte , Verlangen.

3) Ausspruch einer Autorität.

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Iṣṭi (इष्टि):—3. f. Opfer , insbes. die Darbringung eines einfachen , auf Butter , Früchten und dgl. bestehenden Opfers im Unterschied von feierlichen Thieroder Soma-Opfer.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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