Ishti, Iṣṭi: 18 definitions


Ishti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Iṣṭi can be transliterated into English as Isti or Ishti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Iṣṭi (इष्टि).—A word generally used in the statements made in the Mahā bhāṣya, similar to those of the Sūtrakāra and the Vārttikakāras, which are 'desired ones' with a view to arrive at the correct forms of words; cf. प्राप्तिज्ञो देवानां-प्रियो न त्विाष्टिज्ञः, इष्यत एतद् रूपमिति (prāptijño devānāṃ-priyo na tviाṣṭijñaḥ, iṣyata etad rūpamiti) M. Bh. on II. 4.56.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Discover the meaning of ishti or isti in the context of Vyakarana from relevant books on Exotic India

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Iṣṭi (इष्टि) is defined as a synonym for Yajña (sacrifice) according to the commentary of the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras 1.—“yajña [viz., iṣṭi], sacrifice, is an act by which we surrender something for the sake of the gods. Such an act must rest on a sacred authority (āgama), and serve for man’s salvation (śreyortha). The nature of the gift is of less importance. It may be puroḍāśa, cake; karu, pulse; sāṃnāyya, mixed milk; paśu, an animal; soma, the juice of the Soma-plant, &c.; nay, the smallest offerings of butter, flour, and milk may serve for the purpose of a sacrifice”.

 At the Iṣṭi and Paśubandha sacrifices there are seventeen Sāmidhenīs, when they are so handed down. Commentary: When it is said that wishful iṣṭis are performed in a murmur, this means that the names of the chief deities are pronounced in a murmur (likewise the yājyā and anuvākyā).

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

Discover the meaning of ishti or isti in the context of Dharmashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Iṣṭi (इष्टि) or Yajña refers to “sacrificial rites”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Puṣya will be dealers in barley, wheat, rice, sugar-canes and in the produce of the forest; will be either ministers or rulers; will live by water; will be Sādhus and will delight in sacrificial rites (yajña-iṣṭi-sakta). Those who are born on the lunar day of Āśleṣā, will be dealers in perfumes, roots, fruits, reptiles, serpents and poison; will delight in cheating others of their property; will be dealers in pod grains and will be skilled in medicine of every sort. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Discover the meaning of ishti or isti in the context of Jyotisha from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Iṣṭi (इष्टि) is the offering of milk, butter, grain, etc., as distinguished from animal and soma sacrifices

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of ishti or isti in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Iṣṭi.—used in the sense of viṣṭi; cf. sarv-eṣṭi-parihāra-parihṛta. Note: iṣṭi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of ishti or isti in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

iṣṭi (इष्टि).—f S A sacrifice, any sacrificial rite.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

iṣṭī (इष्टी).—f A sacrifice, any sacrificial rite.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of ishti or isti in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Iṣṭi (इष्टि).—f. [iṣ-ktin]

1) Wish, request, desire.

2) Seeking, striving to get.

3) Any desired object.

4) A desired rule or desideratum; (a term used with reference to Patañjali's additions to Kātyāyana's Vārttikas; iṣṭayo bhāṣyakārasya, iti bhāṣyakāreṣṭayā &c.; cf. upasaṃkhyāna).

5) Impulse, hurry.

6) Invitation, order.

7) (yaj-ktin) A sacrifice. Manusmṛti 11.2.2. शबर (śabara) seems to interpret the word especially in the sense of 'a दर्शपूर्णमास (darśapūrṇamāsa) sacrifice'. इष्टिराजसूयचातुर्मास्येषु (iṣṭirājasūyacāturmāsyeṣu) | &c. MS.II.2.12.

8) An oblation consisting of butter, food &c.

9) Summary in verses (= saṃgrahaśloka). एभिर्यज्ञेभिस्तदभीष्टिमश्याम् (ebhiryajñebhistadabhīṣṭimaśyām) Ṛgveda 1.166.14.

Derivable forms: iṣṭiḥ (इष्टिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Iṣṭī (इष्टी).—(Pali itthi, itthī), = iṣṭikā, istrī, qq.v., woman: Lalitavistara 74.15 (verse) ye ca iṣṭidārakā suduḥkhitā (Lefm. wrongly °dārakāsu duḥ°), and what women and boys…; Lalitavistara 235.15 (verse), perhaps read ima iṣṭi°, compare ms. A imeṣṭikā- maratiṃ (= imām plus iṣṭi°), for Lefm. ima istri°; Mahāvastu ii.299.14 (verse) iṣṭibhāvaṃ, state of (existence as) a woman; other instances as v.l. for forms of istrī, q.v.

Iṣṭī can also be spelled as Iṣṭi (इष्टि).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iṣṭi (इष्टि).—f.

(-ṣṭiḥ) 1. Wish, desire. 2. A sacrifice, any sacrificial rite. 3. A compendious verse easily committed to memory. E. iṣ to wish, or iṣ substituted for yaj, to sacrifice; affix ktin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iṣṭi (इष्टि).—f. I. 2. iṣ + ti, Wish. Ii. yaj + ti, 1. Sacrificing, Chr. 296, 1 = [Rigveda.] i. 112, 1. 2. Sacrifice. [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iṣṭi (इष्टि).—1. [feminine] impulse, furtherance, aid ([abstract] & concr.).

--- OR ---

Iṣṭi (इष्टि).—2. [feminine] seeking, request, wish, desire.

--- OR ---

Iṣṭi (इष्टि).—3. [feminine] sacrifice (mostly of a simpler kind).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Iṣṭi (इष्टि):—[from iṣ] 1. iṣṭi f. impulse, acceleration, hurry

2) [v.s. ...] invitation

3) [v.s. ...] order

4) [v.s. ...] despatch, [Ṛg-veda]

5) [from iṣ] 2. iṣṭi f. seeking, going after, [Ṛg-veda]

6) [v.s. ...] endeavouring to obtain

7) [v.s. ...] wish, request, desire, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] any desired object

9) [v.s. ...] a desired rule, a desideratum, a Name applied to the statement of grammarians who are considered as authoritative.

10) [from iṣṭa] 3. iṣṭi f. sacrificing, sacrifice

11) [v.s. ...] an oblation consisting of butter, fruits, etc., opposed to the sacrifice of an animal or Soma, [Ṛg-veda i, 166, 14; x, 169, 2; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Yājñavalkya; Manu-smṛti; Śakuntalā; Raghuvaṃśa etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iṣṭi (इष्टि):—(ṣṭiḥ) 2. f. Wish; sacrifice.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Iṣṭi (इष्टि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Iṭṭhi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ishti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of ishti or isti in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Iṣṭi (ಇಷ್ಟಿ):—

1) [noun] a sacrifice a) the act of offering the life of a person or animal or some object, in propitiation of or homage to a deity; b) something so offered.

2) [noun] reverence or devotion for a deity; religious homage or veneration; worship.

3) [noun] a wish; a desire.

4) [noun] a desired object.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of ishti or isti in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Related products

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: