Samahara, Samāhāra, Samāhara, Samāhārā: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Samahara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Samāhāra (समाहार).—Collection, collective notion, which is one of the four senses of the indeclinable च. The collective notion by nature being single, the dvandva compound formed of words showing such a collection takes the neuter gender and singular number affixes; cf.यदा तिरोहितावयव-विवक्षा संहतिः प्रधानं तदा समाहारः (yadā tirohitāvayava-vivakṣā saṃhatiḥ pradhānaṃ tadā samāhāraḥ) Siradeva Pari. 16; cf. also P. II.2.29 and II. 1. 51.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Samāhārā (समाहारा) refers to one of the eight Dikkumārīs living on the southern Rucaka mountains (in the Rucakadvīpa continent), according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly,

“[...] Eight Dikkumārīs [viz., Samāhārā], living on the southern Rucaka Mountains, came there, impelled by joy like a whip. Having bowed to the Ford of Jinas and his mother and having introduced themselves as before, they stood on the right, singing, with pitchers in their hands. [...].”.

Note: In the continent Rucakadvīpa is a circular mountain-ranges Rucaka. On this in the four directions are 4 temples, and on both sides of each temple are 4 mountain peaks, making 8 peaks in each direction. Each peak is inhabited by a Dikkumārī [viz., Samāhārā].—(cf. ‘Die Kosmographie der Inder’ pp. 257f).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

samāhāra (समाहार).—m S Putting or bringing together; combination, composition, collection, aggregation, accumulation; assembling or an assemblage. 2 (For akṣarasamāhāra or varṇasamāhāra) The alphabet. 3 Contraction, abridgment: also an abridgment, epitome, compendium, summary. 4 In grammar. Composition of words. 5 Conjunction of words or sentences, the power or sense of the copulative and. 6 A form of verbal composition,--a subdivision of the class dvanda. 7 (sama & āhāra) One or the same quantity of food.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

samāhāra (समाहार).—m Combination. Abridgment. In- clusion, comprehension.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samāhara (समाहर).—a. Destroying; कालः सर्वसमाहरः (kālaḥ sarvasamāharaḥ) Rām.7. 14.2.

--- OR ---

Samāhāra (समाहार).—

1) A collection, an aggregate, assemblage; Māl.9; ततः कपिसमाहारमेकनिश्चायमागतम् (tataḥ kapisamāhāramekaniścāyamāgatam) Bk.7.34.

2) Composition of words.

3) Conjunction of words or sentences.

4) A subdivision of Dvandva and Dvigu compounds expressing an aggregate (as tribhuvanam).

5) Abridgment, contraction, conciseness.

6) Combination of two letters of the alphabet into a syllable (= pratyāhāra q. v.).

Derivable forms: samāhāraḥ (समाहारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samāhāra (समाहार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Aggregation, collection, assemblage, either in fact or thought. 2. Contraction, abridgment. 3. Composition or words, (in grammar.) 4. Conjunction of equal words or sentences, the power of the particle “and.” 5. A particular form of composition, a sub-division of the class Dwanda, in which several words are joined together, and the compound is a term in the neuter gender, as ahinakulaṃ the snake and mungoos. 6. The combination of two letters of the alphabet into a syllable, which designates all the letters intermediate between the two of which it consists. E. sam together, āṅ before hṛ to take or convey, and ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samāhāra (समाहार).—i. e. sam-ā-hṛ + a, m. 1. Collection, aggregation, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 155, 8. 2. Contraction, abridgment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samāhāra (समाहार).—[masculine] seizure, drawing back, abstraction; collection, aggregation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samāhara (समाहर):—[=sam-āhara] [from samā-hṛ] mfn. crushing together, destroying, [Rāmāyaṇa]

2) Samāhāra (समाहार):—[=sam-āhāra] [from samā-hṛ] m. seizing, taking hold of [Gṛhyāsaṃgraha]

3) [v.s. ...] aggregation, summing up, sum, totality, collection, assemblage, multitude, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] (in gram.) conjunction or connecting of words or sentences (as by the particle ca), [Śaṃkarācārya; Prātiśākhya [Scholiast or Commentator]; Pāṇini [Scholiast or Commentator]]

5) [v.s. ...] compounding of words, a compound ([especially] applied to a Dvaṃdva whose last member is in the neuter gender e.g. ahi-nakulam, ‘a snake and an ichneumon’, or to a Dvigu, when it expresses an aggregate; See trilokī), [Pāṇini]

6) [v.s. ...] = pratyāhāra, [Vopadeva] (cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 169 n.])

7) [v.s. ...] withdrawal (of the senses from the world), [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]

8) [v.s. ...] contraction, abridgment, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samāhāra (समाहार):—[samā+hāra] (raḥ) 1. m. Aggregation; abridgment; grammatical combination.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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