Acara, Ācāra: 22 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Acara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Achara.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Ācāra (आचार) refers to “good conduct”. It is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti and the Baudhāyana-dharmasūtra.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ācāra (आचार).—A Gandharva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 11.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Ācāra (आचार).—Customary usage of putting or employing words in rules; cf. आचार्याचारात्संज्ञासिद्धिः (ācāryācārātsaṃjñāsiddhiḥ), P.I,1.1, Vārt. 4.

2) Ācāra.—Behaviour;cf. उपमानादाचारे (upamānādācāre) P.III. 1.10; cf also निवासत आचारतश्च (nivāsata ācārataśca) M.Bh. on VI.3.109.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Ācāra (आचार):—A customary conduct which is to be followed in accordance with various prescribed rules in various contexts.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Acara (अचर) refers to the fifth of the “ten wrathful ones” (daśakrodha) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 11). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., daśa-krodha and Acara). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Ācāra (आचार) refers to one of the twelve limbs of the internal-corpus (aṅga-praviṣṭa). The Aṅgapraviṣṭa refers to one of the two types of scriptural knowledge (śruta), which refers to one of the five types of knowledge (jñāna). according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.20, “scriptural knowledge (śruta) preceded by sensory knowledge (mati) is of two, or of twelve (e.g., ācāra) or of many kinds”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ācāra.—(IE 8-5; EI 30), a custom or customary law. (EI 20), religious practice, being regarded as five in number. Cf. navanavaty-ācāreṇa (LP), ‘99 per cent’, i. e. ‘cer- tainly’. Note: ācāra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ācāra : (m.) conduct; behaviour; practice.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ācāra, (ā + car) way of behaving, conduct, practice, esp. right conduct, good manners; adj. (-°) practising, indulging in, or of such & such a conduct. — Sn.280 (pāpa°); J.I, 106 (vipassana°); II, 280 (°ariya); VI, 52 (ariya°); SnA 157; PvA.12 (sīla°), 36, 67, 252; Sdhp.441. —an° bad behaviour Vin.II, 118 (°ṃ ācarati indulge in bad habits); DhA.II, 201 (°kiriyā). Cp. sam°.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

acara (अचर).—a (S) Fixed, stationary, not locomotive.

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ācāra (आचार).—m (S) Conduct conformable to the śruti & smṛti (religious and legal institutes). Pr. dōna prahara ā0 nantara anācāra (All religious exactness up to 12 o'clock; then all licentiousness.) Used where one rigidly pays his devotions and performs the appointed rites, and then gives himself up to sensual indulgence. According to some, the observance of the prescribed religious duties, if accomplished before noon, is ācāra; if postponed until the afternoon, is but anā- cāra. 2 Conduct or deportment gen. 3 Endless compounds are formed: as kulācāra, dēśācāra, vṛddhācāra, lōkācāra, śiṣṭācāra, sadācāra, kadācāra, durācāra. Also ācāra-prāpta-yukta-śīla-priya-vēttā- or jña, ācārānugata, ācārānurūpa &c. Many are valuable; and those of less obvious signification will occur in order.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

acara (अचर).—a Fixed.

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ācāra (आचार).—m Conduct conformable to śruti and smṛti.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Acara (अचर).—a.

1) Immovable; चराचरं विश्वम् (carācaraṃ viśvam) Ku.2.5. चराणामन्नमचराः (carāṇāmannamacarāḥ) Ms.5.29.

2) (Astr.) Epithet of the zodiacal signs वृषभ, सिंह, वृश्चिक (vṛṣabha, siṃha, vṛścika) and कुम्भ (kumbha),

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Ācāra (आचार).—[ācāra-bhāve ghañ]

1) Conduct, behaviour, manner of action or of conducting oneself; सदाचारः (sadācāraḥ) good conduct; नीच° (nīca°) &c.; लोकाचारविवर्जिताः (lokācāravivarjitāḥ) Pt.5.4 ignorant of the ways of the world.

2) Good conduct or behaviour; न शौचं नापि चाचारो न सत्यं तेषु विद्यते (na śaucaṃ nāpi cācāro na satyaṃ teṣu vidyate) Bg. 16.7; Ms.1.19,5.4,3.165.

3) A custom, usage, practice; तस्मिन्देशे य आचारः पारंपर्यक्रमागतः (tasmindeśe ya ācāraḥ pāraṃparyakramāgataḥ) Ms.2.18; Y. 1.343.

4) An established usage, fixed rule of conduct in life, customary law, institute or precept (opp. vyavahāra in law); आचार्य आचाराणाम् (ācārya ācārāṇām) K.56; Ms.1.19; oft. as the first member of comp. in the sense of 'customary', 'usual', 'as is the custom', 'according to form', 'as a formality'; °पुष्पग्रहणार्थम् (puṣpagrahaṇārtham) M.4; see °धूम, °लाज (dhūma, °lāja) below; परिकर्मन् (parikarman) Ś.2.

5) (a) Any customary observance or duty; °प्रयतः (prayataḥ) V.3.2; गृहाचारव्यपदेशेन (gṛhācāravyapadeśena) U.3. (b) A form, formality; आचार इत्यवहितेन मया गृहीता (ācāra ityavahitena mayā gṛhītā) Ś.5.3; Mv.3.26. (c) The customary salutation or bow, usual formality; आचारं प्रतिपद्यस्व (ācāraṃ pratipadyasva) Ś.4; V.2; अविषयस्तावदाचारस्य (aviṣayastāvadācārasya) Mv.2.

6) Diet.

7) A rule (of conduct).

Derivable forms: ācāraḥ (आचारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Acāra (अचार).—probably m.c. for Sanskrit acara, unchanging, constant: acāra-cārikāṃ, unchanging (constant) course (of the Buddha, for countless aeons) Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 5.13 (verse). To be sure there is a Sanskrit noun cāra, movement, of which this might be a compound with a-; but no such [compound] is recorded in Sanskrit or MIndic.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ācāra (आचार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. An established rule of conduct, an ordinance, an institute, a precept. 2. Custom, practice, usage. E. āṅ before car to go, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ācāra (आचार).—i. e. ā-car + a, m. 1. Rule of conduct, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 69. 2. Good custom, good conduct, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 6, 16. 3. Conduct, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 10, 24. 4. Sacred usage, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 10. 5. Use, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 100. 6. Rule. Mahābhārata 3, 166.

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Acara (अचर).—adj., 1. immoveable, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 29. 2. not to be trodden, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 12302.

Acara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and cara (चर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Acara (अचर).—[adjective] immovable, firm.

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Ācāra (आचार).—[masculine] conduct, (good) behaviour; custom, usage, ordinance, institute; [ablative] in tas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Acara (अचर):—[=a-cara] or a-carat ([Ṛg-veda]) mfn. immovable.

2) [v.s. ...] impassable, [Harivaṃśa]

3) Ācara (आचर):—[=ā-cara] [from ā-car] See dur-ācara.

4) Ācāra (आचार):—[=ā-cāra] [from ā-car] a m. (ifc. f(ā). , [Yājñavalkya i, 87, etc.]) conduct, manner of action, behaviour, good behaviour, good conduct, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] custom, practice, usage, traditional or immemorial usage (as the foundation of law), [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] an established rule of conduct, ordinance, institute, precept

7) [v.s. ...] a rule or line, [Mahābhārata iii, 166]

8) [v.s. ...] = ācārika below, [Suśruta]

9) [v.s. ...] (with Buddhists) agreeing with what is taught by the teacher, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

10) [=ā-cāra] b etc. See ā-√car.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Acara (अचर):—[tatpurusha compound] m. f. n.

(-raḥ-rā-ram) Immoveable. E. a and cara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ācāra (आचार):—[ā-cāra] (raḥ) 1. m. Precept; conduct.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Acara (अचर):—(3. a + cara) adj. was sich nicht von der Stelle bewegt: carāṇāmannamacarāḥ [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 5, 29.] Ueberaus häufig nach cara im comp.; s. carācara .

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Ācāra (आचार):—(von car mit ā) m.

1) Wandel, Handlungsweise, Betragen, Benehmen; guter Wandel, gutes Betragen; Herkommen, Brauch, Sitte, Observanz (die Bedeutungen spielen bisweilen so in einander über, dass keine Scheidung möglich ist) [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 141. 151.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 80. 843.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 1, 10.] upanīya guruḥ śiṣyaṃ śikṣayecchaucamāditaḥ . ācāramagnikāryaṃ ca saṃdhyopāsanameva ca .. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 69.] ācāraścaiva sādhūnām 6. sadācāra m. [12. 4, 155.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 300.] sādhvācāra adj. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 193.] svācārā [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 87.] śiṣṭācāra m. [Mahābhārata 3, 13760. fgg.] śuklācārā [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 10, 24.] kalyāṇācāra adj. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 2, 1], Vārtt. [6, Scholiast] (als adj. erklärt). vigarhitācāra adj. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 167.] krūrācāra m. [?10, 9. ady. 4, 246.] nīcācāra adj. [Suśruta 2, 144, 6.] durācāra adj. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 157.] [Bhagavadgītā 9, 30.] f. ā [Pañcatantra I, 437.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 16, 3.] neben sadācārā [48, 4.] mithyācāra adj. [Bhagavadgītā 3, 6.] pāpācāra adj. [Hiḍimbavadha 1, 48.] rūpacāturyamādhuryaśīlācāraguṇānvitaḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 6, 13.] ācāreṇa ca saṃyuktā [Sāvitryupākhyāna 6, 16.] caturṇāmapi varṇānāmācāraścaiva śāśvataḥ [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 1, 107. fgg.] tasmindeśe ya ācāraḥ pāraṃparyakramāgataḥ [2, 18.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 342.] abhidakṣiṇamācāro devānāṃ prasavyaṃ pitṝṇām [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 1.] na śaucaṃ nāpi cācāro na satyaṃ teṣu vidyate [Bhagavadgītā 16, 7.] ācārahīna [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 165.] ācārādvicyutaḥ [1, 109.] ācārasya ca varjanāt [5, 4.] vibhīṣaṇaśca rākṣasācāravarjitaḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 23, 38.] lokācāravivarjita [Pañcatantra V, 33.] bhraṣṭācāra adj. [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 37, 5.] ācārapālana [Mahābhārata 3, 13764.] ācārasaṃkara [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 6, 17.] ācārabheda Verletzung der hergebrachten Sitte [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 8, 1, 60,] [Scholiast] ekabrahmavratācārā mithaḥ sabrahmacāriṇaḥ [Amarakoṣa 2, 7, 11.] maṅgalācārayukta [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 145. 146.] śaucācārāṃśca śikṣayet [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 15.] laukike samayācāre [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 1, 16.] ācāralājaiḥ farre sollemnt [Raghuvaṃśa 2, 10.] ācāradhūmagrahaṇāt [7, 24.] guruśuśrūṣaṇācārā die gewohnt ist dem Lehrer zu gehorchen [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 1, 7.] [Yāska’s Nirukta 7, 4.] [Prātiśākhya zum Ṛgveda 3, 13. 14.] ācāra (es ist hergebrachte Sitte) iti mamā gṛhītā yā vetrayaṣṭiḥ [Śākuntala 100.] ācāra heisst der 1ste Adhyāya in [YĀJÑAVALKYA'S] Gesetzbuch. —

2) bestimmte Verhaltungsweise, Diät [Suśruta 2, 184, 8.] Vgl. ācārika . —

3) Richtschnur: tvamācāraḥ kriyāvatām (die Sonne wird angeredet) [Mahābhārata 3, 166.] — Vgl. anācāra .

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Ācara (आचर):—s. durācara .

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Ācāra (आचार):—

1) [Z. 2] vom Ende lies mayā st. mamā . —

4) bei den Buddhisten die Erklärung, dass man mit dem vom Lehrer Gesagten einverstanden sei: gurūktasyārthasyāṅgīkaraṇamācāraḥ [SARVADARŚANAS. 15, 11. fg.]

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Ācāra (आचार):—, atyācāra n. zu feines Benehmen und anācāra n. grobes Benehmen [Spr. (II) 156.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Acara (अचर):—und acarant Adj. sich nicht von der Stelle bewegend , unbeweglich.

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Acāra (अचार):—m. kein Weg [Galano's Wörterbuch]

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Ācara (आचर):—in hurācara

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Ācāra (आचार):——

1) m. (am Ende eines adj. Comp. f. ā) — a) Wandel , Benehmen , Betragen. — b) guter Wandel , gutes Betragen. — c) Herkommen , Brauch , hergebrachte Sitte , Observanz. Am Anf. eines Comp. vor einem Subst. wie der Gebrauch es verlangt , herkömmlich. — d) bestimmte Verhaltungsweise , Diät. — e) Richtschnur [Mahābhārata 3,3,36.] = āntaryāmin. [Nīlakaṇṭha] — f) bei den Buddh. die Erklärung , dass man mit dem vom Lehrer Gesagten einverstanden sei.

2) *f. ī Hingtscha_repens Roxb.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Acara (अचर) [Also spelled achar]:—(a) immovable; constant, invariable; (nm) an invariant, invariable.

2) Acāra (अचार) [Also spelled achar]:—(nm) pickles: —[ḍālanā] lit. to prepare pickles, said while aiming scoffs at unwarranted preservation or saving of a thing.

3) Ācāra (आचार) [Also spelled aachar]:—(nm) conduct; custom, practice; ethos; behaviour; ~[bhraṣṭa] fallen, degenerated, debased; ~[vāna] of good conduct, virtuous;-[vicāra] manners and morals; -[vyavahāra] conduct and character; ~[hīna] characterless, immoral; hence ~[hīnatā] (nf).

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