Acara, aka: Ācāra; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Acara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Achara.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Ācāra (आचार) refers to “good conduct”. It is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti and the Baudhāyana-dharmasūtra.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Ācāra (आचार).—A Gandharva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 11.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

1) Ācāra (आचार).—Customary usage of putting or employing words in rules; cf. आचार्याचारात्संज्ञासिद्धिः (ācāryācārātsaṃjñāsiddhiḥ), P.I,1.1, Vārt. 4.

2) Ācāra.—Behaviour;cf. उपमानादाचारे (upamānādācāre) P.III. 1.10; cf also निवासत आचारतश्च (nivāsata ācārataśca) M.Bh. on VI.3.109.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Ācāra (आचार) refers to one of the twelve limbs of the internal-corpus (aṅga-praviṣṭa). The Aṅgapraviṣṭa refers to one of the two types of scriptural knowledge (śruta), which refers to one of the five types of knowledge (jñāna). according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.20, “scriptural knowledge (śruta) preceded by sensory knowledge (mati) is of two, or of twelve (eg., ācāra) or of many kinds”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Ācāra.—(IE 8-5; EI 30), a custom or customary law. (EI 20), religious practice, being regarded as five in number. Cf. navanavaty-ācāreṇa (LP), ‘99 per cent’, i. e. ‘cer- tainly’. Note: ācāra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Acara in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

ācāra : (m.) conduct; behaviour; practice.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Ācāra, (ā + car) way of behaving, conduct, practice, esp. right conduct, good manners; adj. (-°) practising, indulging in, or of such & such a conduct. — Sn.280 (pāpa°); J.I, 106 (vipassana°); II, 280 (°ariya); VI, 52 (ariya°); SnA 157; PvA.12 (sīla°), 36, 67, 252; Sdhp.441. —an° bad behaviour Vin.II, 118 (°ṃ ācarati indulge in bad habits); DhA.II, 201 (°kiriyā). Cp. sam°.

—kusala versed in good manners Dh.376 (cp. DhA.IV, 111). —gocara pasturing in good conduct; i. e. practice of right behaviour D.I, 63 = It.118; M.I, 33; S.V, 187; A.I, 63 sq.; II, 14, 39; III, 113, 155, 262; IV, 140, 172, 352; V, 71 sq., 89, 133, 198; Vbh.244, 246 (cp. Miln.368, 370, quot. Vin.III, 185); Vism.I, 8. —vipatti failure of morality, a slip in good conduct Vin.I, 171. (Page 96)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

acara (अचर).—a (S) Fixed, stationary, not locomotive.

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ācāra (आचार).—m (S) Conduct conformable to the śruti & smṛti (religious and legal institutes). Pr. dōna prahara ā0 nantara anācāra (All religious exactness up to 12 o'clock; then all licentiousness.) Used where one rigidly pays his devotions and performs the appointed rites, and then gives himself up to sensual indulgence. According to some, the observance of the prescribed religious duties, if accomplished before noon, is ācāra; if postponed until the afternoon, is but anā- cāra. 2 Conduct or deportment gen. 3 Endless compounds are formed: as kulācāra, dēśācāra, vṛddhācāra, lōkācāra, śiṣṭācāra, sadācāra, kadācāra, durācāra. Also ācāra-prāpta-yukta-śīla-priya-vēttā- or jña, ācārānugata, ācārānurūpa &c. Many are valuable; and those of less obvious signification will occur in order.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

acara (अचर).—a Fixed.

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ācāra (आचार).—m Conduct conformable to śruti and smṛti.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Acara (अचर).—a.

1) Immovable; चराचरं विश्वम् (carācaraṃ viśvam) Ku.2.5. चराणामन्नमचराः (carāṇāmannamacarāḥ) Ms.5.29.

2) (Astr.) Epithet of the zodiacal signs वृषभ, सिंह, वृश्चिक (vṛṣabha, siṃha, vṛścika) and कुम्भ (kumbha),

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Ācāra (आचार).—[ācāra-bhāve ghañ]

1) Conduct, behaviour, manner of action or of conducting oneself; सदाचारः (sadācāraḥ) good conduct; नीच° (nīca°) &c.; लोकाचारविवर्जिताः (lokācāravivarjitāḥ) Pt.5.4 ignorant of the ways of the world.

2) Good conduct or behaviour; न शौचं नापि चाचारो न सत्यं तेषु विद्यते (na śaucaṃ nāpi cācāro na satyaṃ teṣu vidyate) Bg. 16.7; Ms.1.19,5.4,3.165.

3) A custom, usage, practice; तस्मिन्देशे य आचारः पारंपर्यक्रमागतः (tasmindeśe ya ācāraḥ pāraṃparyakramāgataḥ) Ms.2.18; Y. 1.343.

4) An established usage, fixed rule of conduct in life, customary law, institute or precept (opp. vyavahāra in law); आचार्य आचाराणाम् (ācārya ācārāṇām) K.56; Ms.1.19; oft. as the first member of comp. in the sense of 'customary', 'usual', 'as is the custom', 'according to form', 'as a formality'; °पुष्पग्रहणार्थम् (puṣpagrahaṇārtham) M.4; see °धूम, °लाज (dhūma, °lāja) below; परिकर्मन् (parikarman) Ś.2.

5) (a) Any customary observance or duty; °प्रयतः (prayataḥ) V.3.2; गृहाचारव्यपदेशेन (gṛhācāravyapadeśena) U.3. (b) A form, formality; आचार इत्यवहितेन मया गृहीता (ācāra ityavahitena mayā gṛhītā) Ś.5.3; Mv.3.26. (c) The customary salutation or bow, usual formality; आचारं प्रतिपद्यस्व (ācāraṃ pratipadyasva) Ś.4; V.2; अविषयस्तावदाचारस्य (aviṣayastāvadācārasya) Mv.2.

6) Diet.

7) A rule (of conduct).

Derivable forms: ācāraḥ (आचारः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Acāra (अचार).—probably m.c. for Sanskrit acara, unchanging, constant: acāra-cārikāṃ, unchanging (constant) course (of the Buddha, for countless aeons) RP 5.13 (verse). To be sure there is a Sanskrit noun cāra, movement, of which this might be a compound with a-; but no such cpd. is recorded in Sanskrit or MIndic.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 141 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Samacara
Samācāra (समाचार).—1) Proceeding, going.2) Practice, conduct, behaviour.3) Proper conduct or be...
Vamacara
Vāmācāra (वामाचार).—m. (-raḥ) The doctrine of the Tantras according to one system. E. vāma left...
Shishtacara
Śiṣṭācāra (शिष्टाचार).—1) the practice of wise men. 2) good manners, good breeding. Derivable f...
Janacara
Janācāra (जनाचार).—m. (-raḥ) Propriety, decorum, good conduct. E. jana mankind, and ācāra moral...
Niracara
Nirācāra (निराचार).—mfn. (-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Lawless, corrupt, barbarian, depraved. E. nir not, ācāra...
Kulacara
Kulācāra (कुलाचार).—n., Derivable forms: kulācāraḥ (कुलाचारः).Kulācāra is a Sanskrit compound c...
Yogacara
Yogācāra (योगाचार) refers to “practicing the practices” and represents one of the ten Bodhisatt...
Duracara
Durācāra (दुराचार).—mfn. (-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Wicked, depraved, following evil practices. 2. Disreg...
Shaucacara
Śaucācāra (शौचाचार).—m. (-raḥ) A rule of purification, the mode in which the person is to be cl...
Caracara
Carācara (चराचर).—a. 1) movable and immovable; चरा- चराणां भूतानां कुक्षिराधारतां गतः (carā- ca...
Acarabhrashta
Ācārabhraṣṭa (आचारभ्रष्ट).—a. apostate, fallen from established usages or rules of conduct. Ācā...
Asadacara
Asadācāra (असदाचार).—a. following evil practices, wicked. -raḥ an evil practice. Asadācāra is a...
Lokacara
Lokācāra (लोकाचार).—common practice, popular or general custom, ways of the world; अपि शास्त्रे...
Deshacara
Deśācāra (देशाचार).—a local law or custom, the usage or custom of any country; देश- धर्मान् जात...
Samayacara
Samayācāra (समयाचार).—m. (-raḥ) Conventional practice or usage.

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