Acara, Ācāra: 15 definitions
Acara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Achara.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Ācāra (आचार) refers to “good conduct”. It is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti and the Baudhāyana-dharmasūtra.
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Ācāra (आचार).—A Gandharva.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 11.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
1) Ācāra (आचार).—Customary usage of putting or employing words in rules; cf. आचार्याचारात्संज्ञासिद्धिः (ācāryācārātsaṃjñāsiddhiḥ), P.I,1.1, Vārt. 4.
2) Ācāra.—Behaviour;cf. उपमानादाचारे (upamānādācāre) P.III. 1.10; cf also निवासत आचारतश्च (nivāsata ācārataśca) M.Bh. on VI.3.109.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1
Ācāra (आचार) refers to one of the twelve limbs of the internal-corpus (aṅga-praviṣṭa). The Aṅgapraviṣṭa refers to one of the two types of scriptural knowledge (śruta), which refers to one of the five types of knowledge (jñāna). according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.20, “scriptural knowledge (śruta) preceded by sensory knowledge (mati) is of two, or of twelve (eg., ācāra) or of many kinds”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Ācāra.—(IE 8-5; EI 30), a custom or customary law. (EI 20), religious practice, being regarded as five in number. Cf. navanavaty-ācāreṇa (LP), ‘99 per cent’, i. e. ‘cer- tainly’. Note: ācāra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
ācāra : (m.) conduct; behaviour; practice.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Ācāra, (ā + car) way of behaving, conduct, practice, esp. right conduct, good manners; adj. (-°) practising, indulging in, or of such & such a conduct. — Sn.280 (pāpa°); J.I, 106 (vipassana°); II, 280 (°ariya); VI, 52 (ariya°); SnA 157; PvA.12 (sīla°), 36, 67, 252; Sdhp.441. —an° bad behaviour Vin.II, 118 (°ṃ ācarati indulge in bad habits); DhA.II, 201 (°kiriyā). Cp. sam°.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
acara (अचर).—a (S) Fixed, stationary, not locomotive.
--- OR ---
ācāra (आचार).—m (S) Conduct conformable to the śruti & smṛti (religious and legal institutes). Pr. dōna prahara ā0 nantara anācāra (All religious exactness up to 12 o'clock; then all licentiousness.) Used where one rigidly pays his devotions and performs the appointed rites, and then gives himself up to sensual indulgence. According to some, the observance of the prescribed religious duties, if accomplished before noon, is ācāra; if postponed until the afternoon, is but anā- cāra. 2 Conduct or deportment gen. 3 Endless compounds are formed: as kulācāra, dēśācāra, vṛddhācāra, lōkācāra, śiṣṭācāra, sadācāra, kadācāra, durācāra. Also ācāra-prāpta-yukta-śīla-priya-vēttā- or jña, ācārānugata, ācārānurūpa &c. Many are valuable; and those of less obvious signification will occur in order.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
acara (अचर).—a Fixed.
--- OR ---
ācāra (आचार).—m Conduct conformable to śruti and smṛti.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Immovable; चराचरं विश्वम् (carācaraṃ viśvam) Ku.2.5. चराणामन्नमचराः (carāṇāmannamacarāḥ) Ms.5.29.
2) (Astr.) Epithet of the zodiacal signs वृषभ, सिंह, वृश्चिक (vṛṣabha, siṃha, vṛścika) and कुम्भ (kumbha),
--- OR ---
Ācāra (आचार).—[ācāra-bhāve ghañ]
1) Conduct, behaviour, manner of action or of conducting oneself; सदाचारः (sadācāraḥ) good conduct; नीच° (nīca°) &c.; लोकाचारविवर्जिताः (lokācāravivarjitāḥ) Pt.5.4 ignorant of the ways of the world.
2) Good conduct or behaviour; न शौचं नापि चाचारो न सत्यं तेषु विद्यते (na śaucaṃ nāpi cācāro na satyaṃ teṣu vidyate) Bg. 16.7; Ms.1.19,5.4,3.165.
3) A custom, usage, practice; तस्मिन्देशे य आचारः पारंपर्यक्रमागतः (tasmindeśe ya ācāraḥ pāraṃparyakramāgataḥ) Ms.2.18; Y. 1.343.
4) An established usage, fixed rule of conduct in life, customary law, institute or precept (opp. vyavahāra in law); आचार्य आचाराणाम् (ācārya ācārāṇām) K.56; Ms.1.19; oft. as the first member of comp. in the sense of 'customary', 'usual', 'as is the custom', 'according to form', 'as a formality'; °पुष्पग्रहणार्थम् (puṣpagrahaṇārtham) M.4; see °धूम, °लाज (dhūma, °lāja) below; परिकर्मन् (parikarman) Ś.2.
5) (a) Any customary observance or duty; °प्रयतः (prayataḥ) V.3.2; गृहाचारव्यपदेशेन (gṛhācāravyapadeśena) U.3. (b) A form, formality; आचार इत्यवहितेन मया गृहीता (ācāra ityavahitena mayā gṛhītā) Ś.5.3; Mv.3.26. (c) The customary salutation or bow, usual formality; आचारं प्रतिपद्यस्व (ācāraṃ pratipadyasva) Ś.4; V.2; अविषयस्तावदाचारस्य (aviṣayastāvadācārasya) Mv.2.
7) A rule (of conduct).
Derivable forms: ācāraḥ (आचारः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Acāra (अचार).—probably m.c. for Sanskrit acara, unchanging, constant: acāra-cārikāṃ, unchanging (constant) course (of the Buddha, for countless aeons) Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 5.13 (verse). To be sure there is a Sanskrit noun cāra, movement, of which this might be a compound with a-; but no such [compound] is recorded in Sanskrit or MIndic.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raḥ) 1. An established rule of conduct, an ordinance, an institute, a precept. 2. Custom, practice, usage. E. āṅ before car to go, ghañ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ācāra (आचार).—i. e. ā-car + a, m. 1. Rule of conduct, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 69. 2. Good custom, good conduct, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 6, 16. 3. Conduct, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 10, 24. 4. Sacred usage, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 10. 5. Use, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 100. 6. Rule. Mahābhārata 3, 166.
--- OR ---
Acara (अचर).—adj., 1. immoveable, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 29. 2. not to be trodden, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 12302.
Acara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and cara (चर).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Acara (अचर).—[adjective] immovable, firm.
--- OR ---
Ācāra (आचार).—[masculine] conduct, (good) behaviour; custom, usage, ordinance, institute; [ablative] in tas.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+54): Acara-patra, Acara-sthiti-patra, Acarabheda, Acarabhrashta, Acarabhrashti, Acaracakrin, Acaracandrika, Acaracandrodaya, Acaradarpana, Acaradarsha, Acaradhumagrahana, Acaradipa, Acaradipika, Acaragocara, Acarahina, Acarakanda, Acarakusala, Acarakvip, Acaralaja, Acaralinga.
Ends with (+321): Abhyacara, Abhyagatacara, Acarapacara, Adaraupacara, Adayacara, Adhamacara, Adhyacara, Adhyaksha-pracara, Adityacara, Adyacara, Aganitacara, Agastyacara, Ahnikacara, Ajjacara, Ajjhacara, Ambaracara, Anacara, Anadhyacara, Ananacara, Ananvavacara.
Full-text (+182): Duracara, Acarabhrashta, Acaravedi, Shishtacara, Acarya, Acaranga, Acarin, Nyayacara, Acaraviruddha, Atyacara, Kruracara, Acarika, Acaravyapeta, Acaramayukha, Acaravat, Acaradipa, Acaratantra, Acaracandrika, Samayacara, Shaucacara.
Search found 29 books and stories containing Acara, Ācāra, Acāra, A-cara, Ācara, Ā-cara, Ā-cāra; (plurals include: Acaras, Ācāras, Acāras, caras, Ācaras, cāras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 2.145 < [Section XXV - Meaning of the Title ‘Ācārya’]
Verse 10.91 < [Section IX - Variations in the Functions of the Brāhmaṇa due to Abnormal Conditions]
Verse 10.83 < [Section IX - Variations in the Functions of the Brāhmaṇa due to Abnormal Conditions]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.3.144 < [Chapter 3 - Bhajana: Worship]
Verse 2.5.175 < [Chapter 5 - Prema: Love of God]
Verse 1.1.67 < [Chapter 1 - Bhauma: On the Earth]
Shakti and Shakta (by John Woodroffe)
Chapter VI - Śakti and Śākta < [Section 1 - Introductory]
Chapter VIII - Cīnācāra (Vasiṣṭha and Buddha) < [Section 1 - Introductory]
Chapter III - What are the Tantras and their significance? < [Section 1 - Introductory]
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 13 - On the greatness of Bhasma < [Book 11]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 3 - The Canonical and other Literature of the Jains < [Chapter VI - The Jaina Philosophy]
Dhamma for Everyone (by Ajaan Lee)