Rupya, Rūpya: 24 definitions


Rupya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Rupya (रुप्य) or Raupya refers to “silver”, representing the material of the liṅgas of the Viśvedevas and the Vasus, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.12, where the Devas and Viṣṇu requested Viśvakarman for liṅgas for the achievement of the desires of all people:—“[...] at our bidding Viśvakarmā made liṅgas and gave them to the devas according to their status. [...] The Viśvedevas and the Vasus took silver liṅgas (Rupya-liṅga). O sage, the Aśvini devas took the brazen and earthen liṅgas. [...] Thus different kinds of liṅgas were given to them by Viśvakarmā which the devas and the celestial sages worship regularly. After giving the devas the various liṅgas from a desire for their benefit, Viṣṇu explained the mode of worship of Śiva to me, Brahmā”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Rūpya (रूप्य).—Fit for śrāddha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 86.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy

Rupya or Raupya refers to “silver”. (see Bhudeb Mookerji and his Rasajalanidhi)

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Rūpya (रूप्य).—A tad. affix applied to a word meaning 'a cause' or expressing 'a human being' in the sense of 'proceeding therefrom' e.g. समादागतं समरूप्यम् (samādāgataṃ samarūpyam); देवदत्तरूप्यम् (devadattarūpyam); cf. हेतुमनुष्ये-भ्योन्यतरस्यां रूप्यः (hetumanuṣye-bhyonyatarasyāṃ rūpyaḥ) P. IV. 3.81;

2) Rūpya.—A tad. affix applied to a word in the genitive case in the sense of भूतपूर्व (bhūtapūrva), 'formerly belonging to' ; e. g. देवदत्तस्य भूतपूर्वो गौः देवदत्तरूप्यः (devadattasya bhūtapūrvo gauḥ devadattarūpyaḥ); cf. Kāś. on षष्ठया रूप्य च (ṣaṣṭhayā rūpya ca) P. V. 3.54.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Kama-shastra (the science of Love-making)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (kama)

Rūpya (रूप्य) refers to the “precious metals”.—Cf. Rūpyaratnaparīkṣā which refers to “knowledge about precious metals and stones”, representing one of the “sixty four kinds of Art”, according to the Kāmasūtra of Vātsyāyaṇa.—Indian tradition, basically includes sixty four Art forms are acknowledged. The references of sixty four kinds of kalā are found in the Bhāgavatapurāṇa, Śaiva-Tantras, Kāmasūtra of Vātsyāyaṇa etc.

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Kamashastra (कामशास्त्र, kāmaśāstra) deals with ancient Indian science of love-making, passion, emotions and other related topics dealing with the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Rūpya (रूप्य, “silver”) or Rajata refers to a type of jewel (ratna), into which the universe was transformed by the Buddha’s miraculous power (ṛddhibala) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XV). Accordingly, “Silver (rajata, rūpya) comes from burned rocks”.

Also, “These jewels (eg, rūpya) are of three types, Human jewels (manuṣya-ratna), Divine jewels (divya-ratna) and Bodhisattva jewels (bodhisattva-ratna). These various jewels remove the poverty (dāridrya) and the suffering (duḥkha) of beings”.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Rūpya (रूप्य) (Cf. Arūpya) refers to “(that which has) form”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then, the Lord went on to speak these verses: ‘[...] (45) The morality is formless (arūpya), untrue (asatya), unmoving (aniñjya), and tranquil (vivikta) just like open space, and the wise praises it because of the whole, not on the ground of the belief of it. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Rūpya (रूप्य) refers to “silver”, according to the Bhūśalyasūtrapātananimittavidhi section of Jagaddarpaṇa’s Ācāryakriyāsamuccaya, a text within Tantric Buddhism dealing with construction manual for monasteries etc.—Accordingly, “[...] If a cow comes and drops dung, then there is the same amount of gold as the [dung beneath the site]. Alternatively, if a young girl [comes and] urinates, then there must be the same amount of silver (rūpya) as [the urine beneath the site]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

Rūpya (रूप्य) refers to “silver”: a metal that was typically mined, extracted and used (both domestic and industrial) in ancient India. Mining was an important industry at that time as well. The Jaina canonical texts mention about the extraction of various kinds of minerals, metals (e.g., rūpya) and precious stones. The term ‘āgara’ occurring intire texts denotes the mines which provided many kinds of mineral products. The references in the texts of various professions and trade in metallic commodities clearly show a highly developed industry of mining and metallurgy in that period.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Rūpya (रूप्य) refers to a name-ending for place-names according to Pāṇini VI.1.135. Pāṇini also cautions his readers that the etymological meaning of place-names should not be held authoritative since the name should vanish when the people leave the place who gave their name to it.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Rūpya.—same as rūpaka or rūpyaka (q. v.); same as modern rupee. Note: rūpya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rūpya (रूप्य).—n S Silver.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rūpya (रूप्य).—n Silver.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rūpya (रूप्य).—a. [rūpa-yat]

1) Beautiful, lovely; P.V.2.12.

2) Stamped; impressed.

-pyam 1 Silver.

2) Silver (or gold) bearing stamp, a stamped coin, a rupee.

3) Wrought gold; यथा हिरण्यकर्ता वै रूप्यमग्नौ विशोधयेत् (yathā hiraṇyakartā vai rūpyamagnau viśodhayet) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.28.11.

4) Collyrium.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Rūpya (रूप्य).—nt., (1) (Sanskrit Lex. id.; otherwise silver in general), silver coin: suvarṇa-rūpya-(etc., various jewels)- jātarūpa-rajata-samanvāgataś ca Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 102.1 (prose); note occurrence of rajata in same [compound], and collocation with suvarṇa; (2) in Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 6.15 (verse) rūpyam (sc. of the Buddha) apy asamakaṃ manoramaṃ, if text is sound must = rūpam, form; perhaps read this.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rūpya (रूप्य).—mfn.

(-pyaḥ-pyā-pyaṃ) Handsome, beautiful. n.

(-pyaṃ) 1. Silver. 2. Wrought silver. 3. Wrought gold. E. rūpa form, colour, &c., and yat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rūpya (रूप्य).—i. e. rūpa + ya, I. adj. Handsome, [Pāṇini, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] v. 2, 120. Ii. n. 1. Silver, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 230. 2. Wrought silver, [Pāṇini, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] ib. 3. Wrought gold.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rūpya (रूप्य).—[adjective] to be (being) metaphorically indicated; [neuter] silver.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rūpya (रूप्य):—[from rūp] mfn. well-shaped, beautiful, [Pāṇini 5-2, 120]

2) [v.s. ...] stamped, impressed, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] to be denoted (or capable of being denoted) figuratively or metaphorically, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) formerly in the possession of or possessed by, [Pāṇini 5-3, 54]

5) [v.s. ...] proceeding from or originating with (= tasmād āgataḥ), [ib. iv, 3, 82]

6) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a man [gana] tikādi

7) [v.s. ...] of a mountain, [Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]

8) Rūpyā (रूप्या):—[from rūpya > rūp] f. a [particular] fragrant substance, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

9) Rūpya (रूप्य):—[from rūp] n. silver, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] wrought silver or gold, stamped coin, rupee, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] collyrium, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rūpya (रूप्य):—[(pyaḥ-pyā-pyaṃ) a.] Handsome. n. Silver; wrought gold.

[Sanskrit to German]

Rupya in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Rupya in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) a rupee; money, wealth; -[paisa] money; wealth; [rupayevala] opulent, rich, wealthy, moneyed; —[udana] to squander, to spend extravagantly; —[aimthana] to fleece/extort money; —[khara hona] to have earned a sum, money to be good as in hand;—[jodana ] to accumulate money/wealth; —[thikari karana] to squander away one’s wealth, —[dubana] money to become irrecoverable, money to be lost; —[tudavana / todavana] to change (into smaller coins); —[pani ki taraha bahana/-pani mem phemkana] to squander away one’s money; to make the money fly; —[banana] to make money like hay, to mint money, to earn a fortune; —[bhunana] to change (into smaller coins); —[marana] to embezzle; to misappropriate; not to repay one’s money; [rupaye ki garmi hona ] to be purse proud, to have a swollen head on account of fat purse; [rupaye ke pamva hona] money is round and roll away; your money burns a hole in your pocket..—rupya (रुपया) is alternatively transliterated as Rupayā.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Rūpya (ರೂಪ್ಯ):—

1) [adjective] full of beauty, delightful to the eye; pleasant, beautiful.

2) [adjective] stamped with a seal; marked; sealed; imprinted.

--- OR ---

Rūpya (ರೂಪ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] silver (Ag.).

2) [noun] a gold or silver coin, imprinted with an image, mark or symbol.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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