Arupya, Ārūpya: 4 definitions


Arupya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Ārūpya (आरूप्य) refers to a “non-material (existence)”, according to  the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 10.—Accordingly, “[...] The form aggregate is māra; feeling, perception, formation and consciousness are also Māra. Wishing to create for oneself a material existence in the future is to seek an unstable sphere; wishing to create a non-material existence (ārūpya-ātmabhāva) is again seeking an unstable sphere; wishing to create an aware, non-aware, neither aware nor non-aware existence is still seeking an unstable sphere. This instability is a bond of Māra; stability is the elimination of bonds, deliverance from evil. [...]’”.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Ārūpya (आरूप्य) [=Arūpya?] refers to “(that which is) formless”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then, the Lord went on to speak these verses: ‘[...] (45) The morality is formless (arūpya), untrue (asatya), unmoving (aniñjya), and tranquil (vivikta) just like open space, and the wise praises it because of the whole, not on the ground of the belief of it. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ārūpya (आरूप्य).—adj. and subst. nt. (= Pali āruppa, both), formless (state), formlessness; there are, as in Pali, four such, listed s.v. deva, end: °pyā ca samāpattir Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 24.10; °pya-samāpatti Lalitavistara 442.6; Bodhisattvabhūmi 90.11 (four); Dhar- mas 82 (four); Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 47.21 ff. (four, listed); Gaṇḍavyūha 471.20 ye te catur-ārūpya-samāpatti-vihāra-vihāriṇaś ca na cārūpya-dhātu-gatiṃ gacchanti, mahākaruṇāparigṛhīta- tvāt; °pyāś ca samādhayaḥ Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 65.15; ārūpya as adj. with or sc. deva (= ārūpyāvacara, arūpāv°, qq.v.) (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 103.28; 473.24; 474.1 etc.; ārupye nāvatiṣṭhati Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 355.8; in composition with dhātu (perhaps as adj., as with samāpatti above, but parallel cpds. with kāma-, rūpa- suggest subst.), parallel or [compound] with kāma-dh°, rūpa-dh°, Lalitavistara 428.20; Mahāvyutpatti 2149 (here the stem dhātu is omitted); Kāśyapa Parivarta 94.5; alone, Kāśyapa Parivarta 27.9. In Mahāvastu ii.123.18 ārūpyāṇi is an error for sārūpyāṇi, see sārūpya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ārūpya (आरूप्य):—n. deformity, ugliness, [Mahā-vyutpatti]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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