Raupya, Raupyā: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Raupya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: archive.org: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy

Raupya or Rupya refers to “silver”. (see Bhudeb Mookerji and his Rasajalanidhi)

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science, 31(4), 1996: Mūṣāvijñāna

Raupya (रौप्य) or Raupyamūṣā refers to an “crucible for silver” and is a type of mūṣā (crucible) used for smelting metals.—Raupya-mūṣā is a special crucible made of white-earth, medicinal herbs which are white such as Śvetaguñjā (a variety of Abrus precatorus, Linn. having white seeds), Nadyāvarta (Ervatamia divaricata, Linn.) etc. When a calx of silver is made in this crucible it becomes very white in colour. Also see Rasaratnasamuccaya 10.17.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Raupyā (रौप्या).—A Purāṇically famous river of Ancient India. The holy bath Prasarpaṇa of the hermit Jamadagni is situated on the banks of this river. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 129, Stanza 7).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Raupya (रौप्य) refers to “silver”, mentioned as a charitable gift (dāna), according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.15. Accordingly, “a charitable gift given to a needy person yields the utmost benefit. If it is given after entreaties it yields only half the benefit. [...] Gift of silver (raupya-dāna) is conducive to the increase in the quantity of semen and that of salt is conducive to the happy admixture of the six tastes”.

2) Raupya (रौप्य) or Rupya refers to “silver”, representing the material of the liṅgas of the Viśvedevas and the Vasus, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.12, where the Devas and Viṣṇu requested Viśvakarman for liṅgas for the achievement of the desires of all people:—“[...] at our bidding Viśvakarmā made liṅgas and gave them to the devas according to their status. [...] The Viśvedevas and the Vasus took silver liṅgas (Raupya-liṅga). O sage, the Aśvini devas took the brazen and earthen liṅgas. [...] Thus different kinds of liṅgas were given to them by Viśvakarmā which the devas and the celestial sages worship regularly. After giving the devas the various liṅgas from a desire for their benefit, Viṣṇu explained the mode of worship of Śiva to me, Brahmā”.

3) Raupya (रौप्य) refers to “silver coins”, which is given to the priest in the Prājāpatya ceremony, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“[...] silver coins (raupya) and black gram shall be given as fee to the priest as much as for two Prājāpatya ceremonies. If the devotee cannot afford it he shall give according to his capacity”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Raupya (रौप्य) or Raupyapātra refers to a “silver vessel/utensil” (used for food) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Different metallic vessels are described in the text. The vessels/utensils that are made of silver (raupya) have the following dietetic effects: cākṣuṣya (improves sight) and pittahṛt and kaphavātahṛt (alleviates aggravation of all three doṣas).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images

Raupya (रौप्य) refers to “icons made of silver”, as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—The Āgamas prescribe the metals and the results. The icon made of different metals brings different results. The icon made of silvers (raupya) results in obtaining kingdom.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

raupya (रौप्य).—n S Silver.

--- OR ---

raupya (रौप्य).—a S Of silver, relating to silver.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

raupya (रौप्य).—n Silver. a Of silver.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Raupya (रौप्य).—a. Made of silver, silver, like silver.

-pyam Silver.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raupya (रौप्य).—mfn.

(-pyaḥ-pyī-pyaṃ) Silver, of silver. n.

(-pyaṃ) Silver. E. rūpya the same, aṇ pleonasm or aff. of relation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raupya (रौप्य).—i. e. rūpya + a, I. adj. 1. Of silver, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 135. 2. Like silver, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 48, 12. Ii. n. Silver, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 25, 14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raupya (रौप्य).—([feminine] ī) made of silver, silver or silvery.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Raupya (रौप्य):—mfn. ([from] rūpya) made of silver or resembling silver, silvery, silver, [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) Raupyā (रौप्या):—[from raupya] f. Name of a place, [Mahābhārata]

3) Raupya (रौप्य):—n. silver, [Gāruḍa-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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